Meic Lochlainn

The Meic Lochlann,[1] also spelt as Mic Lochlainn,[2] and Mac Lochlainn,[3] were a leading branch of the Cenél nEógain, who were in turn a segment of the Uí Néill. The Meic Lochlainn descended from Domnall Dabaill, son of Áed Findliath.[4] Another son of the latter was Niall Glúndub eponymous ancestor of the Ua Néill.[5] As a result of their descent from Domnall Dabaill, the Meic Lochlainn were known as Clann Domnaill or Clann Domhnaill.[6] The eponym behind the surnames of the Meic LochlainnMac Lochlainn, Ua Lochlainn, Ó Lochlainnis Lochlann mac Máelsechnaill, King of Inishowen (died 1023).[7] The surnames themselves formed not as a result of Lochlann's prominence, but as a consequence of the remarkable success of his grandson, Domnall Ua Lochlainn (died 1121).[8]

Domnall ruled as High King of Ireland for twenty years. He was succeeded in the kingship of Tír nEógain by his son, Niall. Domnall's grandson, Muirchertach (died 1166), also ruled as High King of Ireland. Following the latter's death, the power of the Meic Lochlainn was lost. Following the English conquest of Ulaid by John de Courcy (died c. 1219), Muirchertach's son, Niall (died 1176), assisted the Ulaid against the conquerors. In 1215, Áed Mac Lochlainn was slain battling the Uí Catháin, a rising kindred in what is today County Londonderry.[5]

In 1235, Domnall Mac Lochlainn wrenched the kingship of Tír nEógain from an Ua Néill incumbent he slew. Although Domnall had success against the English, he was later utterly defeated by Brian Ua Néill and Máelsechnaill Ua Domnaill, King of Tír Conaill. The virtual extirpation of the Meic Lochlainn leadership at this defeat meant that the family was finally eclipsed by the rival Ua Néill kindred. Although there are later recorded Meic Lochlainn chieftains, the diminished family lost the lordship of their Inishowen homeland, which in turn came to be possessed by the Ua Dochartaigh kindred. In 1601, two members of the Meic Lochlann are noted in Inishowen: Hugh Carrogh, described as "chief of his sept", who held Carrickmaquigley Castle; and Brian Óg, who held Garnigall Castle.[5]



  • Byrne, FJ (2001). Irish Kings and High-Kings. Four Courts History Classics. Dublin: Four Courts Press. ISBN 1-85182-552-5 via Google Books. 
  • Duffy, S (2007). "The Prehistory of the Galloglass". In Duffy, S. The World of the Galloglass: Kings, Warlords and Warriors in Ireland and Scotland, 12001600. Dublin: Four Courts Press. pp. 123. ISBN 978-1-85182-946-0 via Google Books. 
  • Griffin, PC (2002). The Mac Lochlainn High-Kingship in Late Pre-Norman Ireland (PDF) (PhD thesis). Trinity College, Dublin. 
  • McGettigan, D (2005). "Mac Lochlainn". In Duffy, S. Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. pp. 294295. ISBN 0-415-94052-4. 
  • Ó Cuív, B (1988). "Personal Names as an Indicator of Relations Between Native Irish and Settlers in the Viking Period". In Bradley, J. Settlement and Society in Medieval Ireland: Studies Presented to F.X. Martin. Irish Studies. Kilkenny: Boethius Press. pp. 7988. ISBN 0863141439 via Google Books. 
  • Ó Murchadha, D (1993). "Nationality Names in the Irish Annals". Nomina. Vol. 16: 4970 via Google Books. 
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/18/2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.