30 December 1864
Šipanska Luka near Dubrovnik, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austrian Empire
14 October 1944 79) (aged|
Dubrovnik, FS Croatia, DF Yugoslavia
Marko Murat (December 30, 1864 – October 14, 1944) was a Serbian painter from Dubrovnik who spent 20 years of his life in Belgrade, becoming a leading member of the Serbian and Yugoslav art scene at the time, before returning to his home town where he made a substantial mark in art conservation.
Life and Work
Murat was born in Šipanska Luka near Dubrovnik in a Catholic family, as his uncle Vice Palunko was a noted priest and assistant bishop, and his older brother Andro Murat also became a priest. After finishing primary school in Dubrovnik in 1883, Marko Murat attended the seminary in Zadar. In 1886 he submitted a drawing to Vijenac which was noticed by Baron Lujo Vranyczany, who financed a scholarship for him to study at the Munich Art Academy. After graduation in 1893, he went to Rome and Paris.
In 1894 he moved to Belgrade, where he finally settled in 1898, employed at the Second Belgrade Gymnasium. In the year 1900, Marko Murat was a representative of Serbia at the 1900 World's Fair in Paris, where he won the bronze card for his artwork - The Arrival of Tzar Dushan of Serbia to Dubrovnik. In 1905 he was one of the founders of the Art&Craft school, the predecessors to the Academy of Fine Arts, Belgrade. Between 1904 and 1906, he was also a drawing teacher of Royal Prince Aleksandar Karađorđević of Serbia. His works were also exhibited at the 1911 World's Fair in Rome.
Murat was a proponent of Yugoslavism who wrote in his autobiography about Serb and Croat tribes of the Yugoslav nation.
At the outbreak of World War I, he was in Dubrovnik, where Austrian authorities arrested him and held him in Hungary until May 1916. After the war, Marko Murat had a major role as an art conservator in Dubrovnik, from 1919 to 1932.
In 1920 he became an honorary member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, and from 1940 he was a regular member.
Marko Murat was one of the first impressionists in the South Slavic region. Landscapes, portraits and historical compositions were his trademark. His works were displayed at almost every relevant exhibition in Yugoslavia and abroad, in Sofia, Munich, Paris, Rome, Vienna and London.
He died in Dubrovnik. The manuscript of his unfinished autobiography was lost after his death and found only recently; it presents a rare description of everyday life in Dubrovnik in the 1860s and 1870s. It was published in 2007 in the Croatian literary magazine Kolo.
- Nikola Tolja, Dubrovacki Srbi katolici - istine i zablude, Dubrovnik 2012
- Ivan Viđen, Marko Murat (Summer 2007). "Muratova (auto)biografska uzgrednica / Sjećanja i misli". Kolo (in Croatian). Matica hrvatska (2). ISSN 1331-0992. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- Biography at the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts site (Serbian)
- Short biography (Serbian)
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