Maria of Cleves
|Maria of Cleves|
|Duchess of Orléans|
|Born||19 September 1426|
23 August 1487 60) (aged|
|Spouse||Charles, Duke of Orléans|
Marie, Count of Étampes |
Louis XII of France
Anne of Orléans, Abbess of Fontevraud
|Father||Adolph I, Duke of Cleves|
|Mother||Marie of Burgundy|
Maria of Cleves (19 September 1426 – 23 August 1487) was the third wife of Charles, Duke of Orléans, and the mother of his only son, King Louis XII of France. She was born a German princess, the last child of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves and his second wife, Marie of Burgundy.
Marriage and issue
At age fourteen, Maria married Charles of Valois, Duke of Orléans, a man 32 years her senior, on 27 November 1440 in Saint-Omer. They had three children:
- Marie of Orléans (19 December 1457 – 1493); married John of Foix, Count of Étampes in 1476
- Louis XII of France (1462–1515)
- Anne of Orléans (1464–1491); became the Abbess of Fontevrault and Poitiers.
Maria was a patron of letters and commissioned many works; she was also an active poet herself, producing ballads and other verses. After the Duke's death she was secretly remarried in 1480 to one of her gentlemen of the chamber, the Artesian "Sieur de Rabodanges", who was some years her junior. She died in Chaunay.
|Ancestors of Maria of Cleves|
- Arn, Mary-Jo. Charles d'Orléans in England, 1415-1440. Cambridge; Rochester, NY, USA : D.S. Brewer, 2000. googlebooks Retrieved August 17, 2009
- Wilson, Katharina M. An Encyclopedia of Continental Women Writers. Vol. 2 New York: Garland Pub, 1991. googlebooks
- Holt, Emily Sarah. Memoirs of Royal Ladies. London : Hurst and Blackett, 1861. googlebooks