Marcian of Heraclea
Marcian of Heraclea (Ancient Greek: Μαρκιανός Ηρακλειώτης; Latin: Marcianus Heracleensis; fl. c. 4th century AD) was a Late Antiquity minor Greek geographer from Heraclea Pontica. His known works are:
- An original work: Periplus of the Outer Sea. It mentions places from the Atlantic ocean to China.
- An epitome of Menippus of Pergamon.
- An epitome of Artemidorus Ephesius:
Artemidorus and Menippus both likely wrote circa the 1st century CE. Only little survives of the epitomes, through citations in the work Stephanus of Byzantium, but in the case of Menippus there is also some manuscript material. From it, it seems Marcian had not improved much upon Menippus. Early in its publication history, the work of Pseudo-Scymnus has been attributed to Marcian. Apart from his writings, philologists believe that an annotated collection Marcian made of his sources in geography, formed the basis of today's extant manuscripts of these earlier works.
- Kazhdan, A. P (1991). The Oxford dictionary of Byzantium. 2. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 1302. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
- Periplus maris exteri, ed. Müller (1855),515-562.
- Schoff, 1927
- Menippi periplus maris interni (epitome Marciani), ed. Müller (1855), 563-572.
- Artemidori geographia (epitome Marciani), ed. Müller (1855), 574-576.
- Diller, 147-150
- Diller, 45-47
- Bianca Maria Altomare, For a new critical edition of Marcianus of Heraclea (Summary of PhD Thesis)
- Edward Bunbury (1879). A History of ancient geography among the Greeks and Romans from earliest ages till the fall of the Roman Empire. 2. London: John Murray. pp. 660ff.
- Aubrey Diller (1952). The tradition of the minor Greek geographers. American Philological Association.
- Geographi graeci minores, Karl Otfried Müller, Paris, editoribus Firmin-Didot et sociis, 1882, vol. 1 pp. 515-576.
- Wilfred Harvey Schoff, ed. (1927). Periplus of the outer sea, east and west, and of the great islands therein. Philadelphia: The Commercial museum. OCLC 5303996.