Marchigiano dialect

For the Italian wine grape that is also known as Marchigiano, see Verdicchio.
Native to Italy
Region central Marche (provinces of Ancona, Macerata and Fermo)
Native speakers
900,000 (date missing)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
Glottolog None
Linguasphere 51-AAA-okl & 51-AAA-rba

Marchigiano is an Italian dialect spoken in the central part of the region Marche, in Italy, in a zone which includes the provinces of Ancona, the one of Macerata and the one of Fermo. It is one of the Central Italian dialects, and considered to be connected to Umbrian dialects and Tuscan. There are notable grammatical and idiomatic differences between Marchigiano and standard Italian language, but it is generally considered, along with the rest of Central Italian dialects, rather intelligible for a speaker of Standard Italian.

In itself Marchigiano is not uniform from town to town, being divided in two main areas:

Common features

The three areas of the Marchigiano dialect are united by some common features which distinguish the dialect from the others central Italian languages :

The conjugation of to be and to have got at the present indicative tense in the two main dialects is as follows :

  English Anconitano Maceratese Italian
I am so so sono
you are sei ssi sei
he/she/it is è adè è
we are semo simo siamo
you are sete siete
they are è(ne) adè sono
  English Anconitano Maceratese Italian
I have got ciò ciò ho
you have got ciài ci(ài) hai
he/she/it has got cià cià ha
we have got ciavémo ciaìmo abbiamo
you have got ciavé ciaéte avete
they have got cià(ne) cià hanno

Features of the three areas

Ancona's dialect

The dialect of Ancona is spoken in the region of the town of Ancona, Porto Recanati, Loreto, Osimo, Jesi, Chiaravalle and Falconara. Particularly this dialect's speakers always use the articles el (the male singular, Italian il) unlike standard Italian which in some cases uses lo (the male singular). Only the speakers of the towns which are closer to Macerata (Osimo, Castelfidardo, Loreto, Porto Recanati) use the article lo as in Italian.[1] These cities also undergo other influences from Macerata's dialect because they are closer to it.[1]

Fabriano's dialect

The dialect of Fabriano is spoken in the town of Fabriano (closer to Umbria) and in the towns closer to it. Rhotacism occurs in this dialect (calza (sock) > carza, fulmine (lightning) > furmine).

Macerata's dialect

The dialect of Macerata is spoken in the province of Macerata and in the Fermo's one. The speakers of Macerata,to say the, use lu (male singular) and lo (neuter singular) . Rhotacism occurs. A lot of assimilations occur:


There follows a list of nouns, verbs and other words from Marchigiano :

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 Massimo Morroni, Vocabolario del dialetto osimano
  2. 1 2 3 Carlo Grillantini, Saggi e studi sul dialetto osimano

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