Manûrqa (Arabic: منورقة) was the Arabicized name given to the island of Minorca by the Muslims from its annexation to the Caliphate of Cordoba by 'Isâm al-Khawlânî in 903 until the rule of the last Muslim ra'îs, Abû 'Umar ibn Sa'îd in 1287. The only urban centre of the island was Madînat al Jazîra or al Manûrqa (modern Ciutadella). Most of the population lived in small farm communities organized under a tribal structure. Once the island was captured by King Alfonso III of Aragon, most of its Muslim inhabitants were enslaved and sold in the slave markets of Ibiza, Valencia and Barcelona. Only one hundred Muslims were allowed to remain on the island.


External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/16/2014. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.