Component City
Lungsod ng Malaybalay (City of Malaybalay)

Top left: Monastery of Transfiguration; top right: Erection de Pueblo; center left: Capitol Grounds; center right: Kaamulan Grounds; bottom left: San Isidro Cathedral; bottom right: City Public Market

Nickname(s): South Summer Capital of the Philippines; The City in the Forest of the South
Motto: "Cool Place, Warm People"

Map of Bukidnon with Malaybalay City highlighted

Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: PH 8°09′N 125°08′E / 8.15°N 125.13°E / 8.15; 125.13Coordinates: PH 8°09′N 125°08′E / 8.15°N 125.13°E / 8.15; 125.13
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Bukidnon
Legislative district 2nd District of Bukidnon
Incorporated October 19, 1907
Cityhood February 11, 1998
Barangays 46
  Mayor Ignacio W. Zubiri (Bukidnon Paglaum Party)
  Vice Mayor Roland Deticio (Bukidnon Paglaum Party)
  Total 969.19 km2 (374.21 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 622 m (2,041 ft)
Population (2015 census)[4]
  Total 174,625
  Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
  Languages Mindanao Cebuano, Binukid, Maranao, Tagalog, English, Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) and other minority languages
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8700
IDD:area code +63(0)88
Income class 1st class

Malaybalay, officially City of Malaybalay (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Malaybalay; Filipino: Lungsod ng Malaybalay), is a first income class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines.[2] The city, dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is bordered north by Impasugong; west by Lantapan; south by Valencia City and San Fernando; and east by Cabanglasan and Agusan del Sur. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 174,625 people.[4]

It was formerly part of the province of Misamis Oriental as a municipal district in the late 19th century. When the special province of Agusan (now Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur) and its sub-province (Bukidnon) were created in 1907, Malaybalay was designated as the capital of Bukidnon. It was then formally established as a municipality on October 19, 1907 and was created into a city on February 11, 1998 by virtue of Republic Act 8490.[5]

Malaybalay City is the venue of the Kaamulan Festival, held annually from mid-February to March 10.[6]


Folk etymology has it that when Spanish explorers came to the central portion of the province in the late 18th century, they met children playing at the lower part of the Sawaga. The soldiers asked in Spanish what is the name of the place. The children, who did not understand Spanish, thought that they were asked what they were doing. So they replied "Tagbalaybalay kay" (we are playing house). The soldiers misheard and thought that the name of the place was Malaybalay. So in the Spanish record the name Malaybalay stuck approximately 1820–1840.


The original inhabitants of Malaybalay come from the seashores of Northern Mindanao (Misamis Oriental area) but were driven toward the mountains because of pirates and the arrival of Spanish colonizers. Before the final conquest of the central part of Mindanao (Bukidnon area), Sumilao, Linabo, Mailag and Silae has been established by Spanish missionaries (Dominicans and Jesuits). In 1850, Kalasungay (an old settlement site in Malaybalay), was burned down by the Spaniards during their final battle with the lumads, in which all male adults were killed and the women and children were taken as hostages. This battle is the last recorded resistance by the original inhabitants against the Spanish conquerors.[3][7][8]

A few years after their defeat, the survivors of the battle who fled to Silae slowly returned to the area and established a new settlement near the Sacub River (present-day Rizal Park) under the protection of Datu Mampaalong. Together with 30 other datus, Datu Mampaalong accepted Spanish dominion and embraced Christianity on June 15, 1877, ending the long-standing war between them. On that day, the Spaniards made Malaybalay into a pueblo named Oroquita del Interior with a territory covering the area of what is now the province of Bukidnon; the name of the settlement was retained as Malaybalay.[7][8]

From 1877 until the coming of the Americans, covering a span of 20 years, capitanes, who were acknowledge tribal chieftains and were appointed by the Spaniard missionaries, governed Malaybalay. Some of this leaders were Mariano Melendez (Datu Mampaalong), Doroteo Melendez, Juan Carbajal, Alejandro Bontao, Esteban Tilanduca and Faustino Abello

In 1850, Malaybalay became a part of the province of Misamis Oriental as a municipal district. The Philippine Commission then headed by Commissioner Dean C. Worcester, Secretary of Interior and a member of the Philippine Commission proposed the separation of Bukidnon from Misamis Oriental Province.

On August 20, 1907, the Philippine Commission Act No. 1693 was enacted creating the Province of Agusan and the sub-province of Bukidnon. Malaybalay was then formally created as a municipality on October 19, 1907. When Bukidnon was declared as a regular province and become an independent political unit on March 10, 1917 by virtue of the creation of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu under Act 2711, Malaybalay was designated as its provincial capital.

The Provincial Capitol of the province of Bukidnon is in Malaybalay

During the Second World War, in 1942, the Japanese occupation troops entered Bukidnon. They occupied Malaybalay, establishing a camp in Casisang. Guerrilla groups operating around Malaybalay made frequent raids on the Japanese camps from the time of the occupation until the arrival of the Americans. In 1945, American liberation forces, together with the Philippine Commonwealth Forces and Filipino guerrillas liberated Malaybalay.

On March 26, 1996, the Sangguniang Bayan of the municipality of Malaybalay passed Resolution No. 3699-96 petitioning to the House of Representatives for the conversion of Malaybalay into a city. Reginaldo Tilanduca, 2nd District Representative of Bukidnon at that time, filed House Bill No. 6275, proposing the creation of Malaybalay into a component city. On February 11, 1998, President Fidel Ramos signed the act (R.A. 8490) that converted Malaybalay to a city, making it the first component city of Bukidnon.


Malaybalay City
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [9]

Malaybalay City, the capital city of Bukidnon, is in the central part of the province. It is bounded in the east by the municipality of Cabanglasan and the Pantaron Range, which separates Bukidnon from the provinces of Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte; on the west by the municipality of Lantapan and Mount Kitanglad; on the north by the municipality of Impasugong; and on the south by Valencia City and the municipality of San Fernando.[10][11]

The whole eastern and southeastern border adjoining Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte is elevated and densely forested mountains, which is one of the few remaining forest blocks of Mindanao.

The nearest seaports and airports are in Cagayan de Oro City, which is 91 kilometers away.


The climate classification of Malaybalay City falls under the Fourth Type or intermediate B type, which is characterized by the absence of a pronounced maximum period and dry season. The period from May to October is where heavy rains occur. Rain falls at a yearly average of 2,800 millimeters (110 in) and occurs throughout the year, though it is more intense during the country's rainy season from June to October. On the other hand, November to April are the dry months. Compared with the rest of the country, the climate in Malaybalay is relatively cooler the whole year round and the area is not on the typhoon belt.[10][11]

Land area

The total land area of the city is 96,919 hectares (239,490 acres),[2] that is about 13% of the total area of Bukidnon. An estimated of 65% of this is classified as forestland/timberland and the remaining 35% is alienable and disposable areas: lands which could be used for purposes such as for agriculture or for industry.[10]

The city plays a strategic role in the protection of the headwater source of the Pulangi and the Tagoloan rivers because of its location the upper portion of both watershed areas. The Pulangi River then extends through the Cotabato provinces as the Rio Grande de Mindanao and to Cotabato City, where it empties into Illana Bay. The Tagoloan River, on the other hand, traverses northwestward toward Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental, where it joins the Macajalar Bay. These watershed areas provided potable water, irrigation, hydro-electric power, and recreation and tourism activities.

Topography and soil type

Topographic map of Malaybalay City
Soil map of Malaybalay City

The average elevation of the city is 622 meters above sea level (2,040.68 feet). About 60% of the city's area has above 30% slope, characterized by steep hills, mountains, and cliff-like stream side. About 25% are level, gently sloping, and undulating. The rest are rolling and hilly.[3][10]

One of prominent geographical structure in the city is the Kitanglad Mountain Range, located in the western frontier, on its border with Lantapan and Impasugong. Some barangays (Dalwangan, Capitan Bayong, Imbayao and Mampayag) are in the foothills of this mountain range. Steep hills are found in the central portion of the city (Kibalabag, Manalog and Can-ayan), where the Tagoloan River headwater can be found. The Central Mindanao Cordillera (Pantaron Mountain Range), is on the eastern side of the city, in its boundaries with Agusan del Sur province. The Pulangi River cuts across the area between the hills in the central part and the Central Cordillera in the eastern part, creating a portion of the Upper Pulangi river valley. The southern portion of the city is made up of level to undulating area, a river valley created by the Sawaga River and the Manupali River, which are both tributaries of the Pulangi River.

About 66% of the city's soil is identified as undifferentiated mountain soil and the rest are clay. The predominant types of clay are Kidapawan, Alimodian and Adtuyon, which are generally good for agriculture.


Population census of Malaybalay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 16,428    
1939 18,816+0.65%
1948 16,458−1.48%
1960 32,522+5.84%
1970 47,074+3.76%
1975 65,198+6.75%
1980 60,779−1.39%
1990 94,790+4.55%
1995 112,277+3.22%
2000 123,672+2.09%
2007 144,065+2.13%
2010 153,085+2.23%
2015 174,625+2.54%
Source: National Statistics Office (Philippines)
Historical growth of population of Malaybalay City, 1918-2007

Malaybalay is originally the home of the Bukidnon "lumads" or natives, but there has been an influx of settlers and immigrants from the Visayas and Luzon for the last four decades contributing to the growth of the population. The original inhabitants, the Bukidnons, have retreated to the hinterlands as the migrants continued to occupy and dominate the population centers in the city. Malaybalay City is the second most populous political subdivision in the province, after Valencia City.

The historical growth of population of the city showed a variable pattern of growth (See Figure). The first census of population was made in 1918 with Malaybalay having only 16,428 inhabitants. The 21 years from 1918 to 1939 was a low-growth period with the city's population growing at a 0.6% annually. This was then followed by a period of population decline until the post-World War II era, declining by 1.5% per year. The 12-year period from 1948 to 1960 is a period of high growth, when the city's population almost doubled from its 1948 level. This pace of growth continued until 1970, growing 6.7%. In 1970, Malaybalay has 65,918 inhabitants. A 5-year period of declining growth followed, the population dropped to 60,779. After the decline, Malaybalay's population has been increasing since then, growing by 3.4% from 1990to 1995, 1.9% from 1995 to 2000.

The city is predominantly rural, with only 16% of the population in urban areas, 40% in urbanizing barangays and 46% in rural areas. Population is evenly distributed in the urban and rural areas. The urban areas are generally found on the confines of the Sayre Highway that traverses the city. The main urban population is found in the Poblacion-Casisang area. Secondary population centers includes barangays Aglayan, Bangcud and Kalasungay.

Malaybalay has one of the lowest average population density in the province, second only to Impasug-ong with only 146 persons per square kilometer although there are barangays, especially in the Poblacion area, with high population density.

Cebuano and Binukid are prevailing mediums of communication in the city. More than half of the city's population are native-speakers of this language. Other languages such as Maranao are spoken by the Maranao people. Boholano (a dialect of Cebuano from Bohol) and Ilonggo are also spoken by its native speakers living in this city.


Majority of the population are adherent of Christianity, which is about 77% of the population. Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian sect in the city.[12] Malaybalay is the center of the Diocese of Malaybalay which covers the province of Bukidnon (except for the municipality of Malitbog which is under the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro), the municipality of Wao, Lanao del Sur, and Brgy. Buda in Davao City. It covers an area of 8, 294 square kilometers.[12] San Isidro the Farmer Cathedral is the largest church in the city which is located beside Plaza Rizal. Other Christian faiths are Baptists, Seventh Day Adventists, Born Again, Protestants, and others.

The remainder 23% belong to non-Christian faiths, mainly adherent of Islam. The believers of Islam are mainly Maranao and Balik Islam. There are many mosques that can be found in the city. Malaybalay Grand Mosque is the largest mosque in the city which also serves as the Islamic Center of Bukidnon.[13] There are also sizeable adherents of Buddhism and Animism in the city.


The City is mainly an agricultural area, and its products include rice, corn, sugarcane, vegetables, legumes, root crops and commercial crops such as rubber, coffee, banana and pineapple. During the past years, corn used to be the pre-dominant crop in the city. But as the corn areas gave way to sugarcane, agri-farms (poultry, hog), and residential areas, sugarcane (306,600 metric tons) and rice (30,318 MT) came out now as the predominant crops in terms of production volume. These products are usually sold in the local market, or in nearby municipalities of the province. There are also farmers producing larger volume of corn and rice who sell their products in Cagayan de Oro. Agri-based industries primarily poultry and piggery, now flourish in the City. These farms are assisted by big corporations such as San Miguel, Purefoods, Monterey and Swift. Other agri-based industries in the City include Asian Hybrid Philippines (feeds processing), Rubber Tex (rubber shoes manufacturing), and Monastery Farms (peanuts and other preserved foods). Also notable are the 12 cattle ranches that produce an average of 470 heads yearly.

Data from the License Department of the City showed that majority or 95.87% of the establishments in the City belong to the service sector. Looking at the breakdown, sari-sari stores (37%) make up majority of the establishments in this sector, followed by trade/wholesale/retails (21%) and other, social and personal services (14%). Industry Sector and Agriculture Sector only make up only 2.27% and 1.9% respectively of all establishments. There is no data available on the employment per sector from the NSO that is specific for Malaybalay City, thus the CPDO collected data from DTI, License Department, and City Agriculture Office to get the distribution of employment per industrial sector. The result showed that 70% of employment is in the farming/ crop production sector followed by government agencies and commercial/private establishments. Agri-industries and service sectors registered only about 1.63% and 5.99% respectively. The lowest is the manufacturing/processing sector at only 0.36% Given the City’s scenic natural endowments, so far only 3 spring resorts, 5 plazas/nature parks have been developed. Other beautiful sites such as natural growth forest, industrial tree plantation sites, mountains, falls, rivers and caves are still to be developed for eco-tourism.[14]

The net income for 2014 pegged at P178,073,912.11 million pesos.[15]


Malaybalay City Charter Day
Taking place every March 22, the date is declared as a special working holiday through Republic Act 8813[16] as a commemoration of Malaybalay's anniversary as a chartered city. Events are lined up by the city to enable residents and visitors to come and experience the charter day activities.
Malaybalay City Fiesta
Malaybalay City Fiesta takes place every May 15 in honor of the City's patron saint, Saint Isidro Labrador, the patron of agricultural workers, labourers and livestock.[17] The fiesta is a two-day event starting May 14, a day before the fiesta, wherein residents actively prepare for the festivities, up to fiesta day proper (May 15).
Kaamulan Festival
Kaamulan Festival is an ethnic cultural festival held annually in Malaybalay City, Bukidnon in the Philippines from the second half of February to March 10, the anniversary date of the foundation of Bukidnon as a province in 1917. It is held to celebrate the culture and tradition of the seven ethnic tribal groups—Bukidnon, Higaonon, Talaandig, Manobo, Matigsalug, Tigwahanon and Umayamnon—that originally inhabit the province. It is the only ethnic festival in the Philippines.

Places of interest

Malaybalay has several notable tourist destinations.[18]

The Church of the Monastery of Transfiguration, San Jose, Malaybalay City
Monastery of Transfiguration
The City's 25-year Monastery of Transfiguration on San Jose hill, is made of heavy lime blocks, designed by National Artist for architecture Leandro Locsin. The first Filipino Abbot, Fr. Eduardo Africa and former Malaybalay bishop Gaudencio Rosales inaugurated it on August 6, 1983. Today, 10 monks had its 7 hectares planted to rice, 25 hectares to corn, and the rest for planting the world-famous Monk’s Blend Premium coffee. Its two-story Museum of Transfiguration Monastery (MTM) houses Dom Martin’s 50-piece vestment collection included in Philippines' 1998 centennial celebration. The Worship and Weave book on the vestments won the 2001 National Book Award (art category).[19]
Nasuli Spring
Located in Brgy. Bangcud, this spring has blue waters deep enough for diving and swimming. It also serves as picnic grounds for families bonding together or a place of refuge and recollection.
Bukidnon Forests Inc., (BFI) industrial tree plantation
This 39,000-hectare reforestation project (21,000 hectares of which are plantable) demonstrates the compatibility of nature with economic objectives. Funded with the assistance of the New Zealand government under the auspices of DENR, the project has been operational since 1990. The City of Malaybalay and the municipalities of Impasugong, Manolo Fortich and Malitbog are the areas covered by the plantation. Its 5-hectare nursery is capable of producing 5.2 million fast-growing seedlings every year.
Kaamulan Grounds
Located at Brgy. 1, Kaamulan Grounds serves as an activity area, refuge and recollection, picnic and other outdoor activities one can think of. An intimate environment where pine trees abound, the Kaamulan Park bids one a breather from the busy hub of the city. The Folk Arts Theater, where some provincial activities and events are held, is also found here.
Carmelite Monastery
A sanctuary for those who seek serenity and peace, the Carmelite Sister’s Monastery is a place for retreat and prayer. The refreshing air, well-kept flower gardens and a beautiful view of some mountains in makes the place ideal for quiet moments to ponder and take a breather from a busy life. It is at Pal-ing, Barangay Kalasungay; some 5 km from the city proper bound to the south.
Mt. Capistrano viewed from Brgy. Cabangahan.
Mt. Capistrano
Famous as the evacuation area in World War II, this mountain is characterized by its unique rock formations and challenging caves. Nature trekkers and mountain climbers find a good spot at the top, albeit rough and sharp, to see a vista of Bukidnon’s grandeur as it offers a free, panoramic view of the nearby mountains and the acres of rice and cornfields. Located at Barangay Managok, it is 18 km from the City of Malaybalay proper bound south.
Roxas Monument
Roxas Monument is a historical park whose principal feature is the monument of the Philippine’s first president of the independent Republic, Manuel Roxas. History has it that President Roxas hid secretly in the old school, now known as Casisang Elementary School, after escaping from Japanese Imperial Army at the height of World War II on his way to Australia. The monument was erected in honor of Roxas’ brief stay as well as to remember the WWII prisoners of war. The Roxas Monument is located at Casisang, Malaybalay  a few minutes ride going South from the city proper.
Dalwangan Centennial Marker
This is the spot identified to be where the Northern and Southern Army of the US Air Force linked in World War II. The centennial marker is erected at Barangay Dalwangan, City of Malaybalay.
Torre ni David (David's Tower)
Is a popular edifice along the highway of Cabangahan, Malaybalay City. This old three-storey house was built in 1962 by David Valmorida. Only a few information about this place can be found in the internet An old article which was featured in in 2007 reported that there are some strange and unexplained occurrences in this house.
Ereccion de Pueblo
The monument of creation of the town is proudly standing at Plaza Rizal. It depicts the 1877 agreement between the Spanish Colonizers and local leaders such as Datu Mampaalong[20]
D' Stable Eco Resort (Quadra)
D' Stable Eco Resort is more popularly known as Quadra. It is located in Sta. Cruz, Sumpong, Malaybalay City, just a few meters away from Shepherds Meadow Memorial Park. Quadra has a ranch-like setting, with a horses, stables, huts and cottages built on grassy grounds and a mountain view backdrop. The place is ideal for open air dining and drinking as they serve food and drinks with reasonable prices. One may also opt to stay for a night or two as they have closed cottages for accommodation. Horseback riding may also be available.[21]
Two Trees
The Two Trees is a part of the Provincial Tree Park of Bukidnon, which the Northern Entrance is at the Kaamulan Grounds and its Southern Entrance is at Gawad Kalinga (also known as Capitol Village), Barangay 9. The Park is traversed by the Kalawaig River, a tributary of Sawaga River, the major river of Malaybalay City (except in the Upper Pulangi District where the Pulangi River reigns), which starts at Barangay 1.[22]
Monastery of Carmelite Nuns
The monastery nuns provide an environment of natural attractions with its well kept grounds as well as spiritual blessings of peace renewal.[23]
Jesuit Retreat House
Primarily a retreat center, its well kept grounds being on the banks of a creek offer the intrepid a climbing experience amidst a mini rainforest ambiance. Owned by the Jesuits, silence and nature harmony is an unforgettable experience.[23]
MKAETDC or The Mt. Kitanglad Agriculture and Ecological Center
Is a Gawad Saka 2006 First Place Winner for showcasing an ecological and agricultural all organic, all natural lifestyle. This is a site for bird watching, trekking, camping, fishing and eco-walk. Being situated at the foothill of Mr. Kitanglad, a rare flight of the Bukidnon eagle could be in your sights as you walk along misty eco- trails with a cool temperature to equal that of Trinidad valley in Mt. Province. The site of frequent conferences and seminars, the rustic ambiance is one to snare the ecology oriented tourist at heart.[23]
Lapanday Farm
The sweetest pineapples exported fresh are from this Filipino agri-corporation. Its plantations are located in different sites and the headquarters are found not more than a 10-minute drive from the City’s commercial section. This is owned by the Lorenzo family, a name long associated with the pineapples and agriculture.
Nomiarc and Stock Farm
This area is the site of farm showcases where animals of good stocks (bred) and high value vegetables are seeded and tested for research by government technicians.
Nature Park and Swimming Pool
This natural attraction features scenic environs the site of a varied flora and fauna, providing varied environmental activities of which bird watching is one. A swimming pool and another for children welcome the daring to try clean, coolest water. Located at Barangay Can-ayan
Hernandez Ranch
Owned privately by the Hernandez family, the site was developed with horseback riding trails, swimming pools and fishing grounds.
Q Park II
Here’s a new place ideal for prayer and reflection in Bukidnon, Mindanao, Philippines. Q Park II, located at Barangay Kalasungay, Malaybalay City, boasts of a lovely manicured lawn, a gorgeous view of the Bukidnon mountain ranges and Malaybalay’s signature cool breeze. It’s a nice place to commune with the Lord. An alternative to the Monastery of Transfiguration, which is also located in Malaybalay. Admission to Q Park II is FREE and this park is open from 9 AM to 5 PM, Tuesday to Sunday. Closed on Mondays.
Matin-ao Spring Resort
Matin-ao resort is located about 21 kilometers from Malaybalay City proper and 8 kilometers away from Valencia City. Compared to Nasuli, Matin-ao has more shallow areas making it a safe place to swim for children.

Local government

Mayors of Malaybalay City
Juan Melendez 1906-1908
Fernando Damasco 1909-1913
Jose Ruiz 1914-1918
Juan Melendez 1924-1936
Faustino Caterial 1936-1937
Catalino Damasco 1937-1939
Gerardo Pimentel 1940-1941
Salvador Alberto 1943-1947
Teofilo Salcedo 1948-1951
Fortunato Carbajal, Sr. 1951-1954
Lorenzo S. Dinlayan 1955-1971
Timoteo C. Ocaya 1972-1979
Edilberto B. Mamawag 1979-1980*
Reginaldo N. Tilanduca 1980-1986
Violeta T. Labaria 1986*
Almaco A. Villanueva 1987*
Rogelio M. Bides 1988*
Reginaldo N. Tilanduca 1988-1992
Bob Tabios-Casanova April 1992-June 1992
Nicolas C. Jurolan 1992-2001
Florencio T. Flores, Jr. 2001-2010
Ignacio W. Zubiri 2010 to present
* - Appointed

City administration

The City is administered by the City Mayor together with the Vice Mayor and the Sangguniang Panlungsod.[24] The mayor is the local chief executive officer of the city and exercises control and supervision over all local administrative offices as mandated by the Local Government Code of the Philippines (1991). The City also has a City Administrator that assists the mayor. Here are the offices of the Local Government Unit of Malaybalay City and its corresponding Head of Office:

  • City Mayor's Office
  • City Vice Mayor's Office
  • Offices of the City Councilors and the Sangguniang Panlungsod
  • City Planning and Development Office
  • City Budget Office
  • Office of the City Treasurer
  • City Assessors Offices
  • Office of the City Engineer
  • City Accounting Office
  • City Social Welfare and Development
  • City Health Office
  • City Agriculture Office
  • Office of the City Civil Registrar
  • City Economic Enterprise Management and Development Office
  • City Environment and Natural Resources Office
  • Human Resource Management Office
  • Malaybalay City Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
Heads of Office
  • City Mayor
  • City Vice Mayor
  • City Councilors and the Sangguniang Panlungsod Secretary
  • City Planning and Development Officer
  • City Budget Officer
  • City Treasurer
  • City Assessors
  • City Engineer
  • City Accountant
  • City Social Welfare Officer
  • City Health Officer
  • City Agriculturist
  • City Civil Registrar
  • City Economic Enterprise Management and Development Officer
  • City Environment and Natural Resources Officer
  • Human Resource Management Officer IV
  • City Jail Warden

The Sangguniang Panlungsod (or SP) serves as the local legislative arm of the City. It enacts ordinances and issues regulations that are necessary to promote the propriety and general welfare of the City’s residents; ensure the health, safety, comfort and convenience of its constituents, maintain peace and order, improve and promote high public morals, and ensure the protection of the properties within the City’s jurisdiction. There are 12 elected Sangguniang members and a permanent Sangguniang Panlungsod secretary. The Sangguniang Panlungsod is headed by the Vice Mayor, acting as its presiding officer. There are twelve (12) elected Sanggunian members and one permanent Sangguniang Panlungsod secretary.[24]

Malaybalay City 46 barangays each headed by a barangay chairman together with seven Sangguniang Barangay members.


Malaybalay City is politically subdivided into 46 barangays.[2] The barangays are conveniently grouped into 5 geographical districts, namely the Poblacion District, North Highway District, South Highway District, Basakan District, and Upper Pulangi District. Barangay 10 and Barangay 11 were once a single barangay called Impalambong.

Political map of Malaybalay City showing the 46 barangays under its jurisdiction
Barangay Geographic District Type Population (2015)[4]
Aglayan South HighwayUrban7,594
Bangcud South HighwayUrban5,111
Busdi Upper PulangiRural2,377
Cabangahan South HighwayRural3,015
Caburacanan Upper PulangiRural1,150
Can-ayan North HighwayRural5,870
Capitan Angel North HighwayRural1,160
Casisang South HighwayUrban25,696
Dalwangan North HighwayRural7,004
Imbayao North HighwayRural1,833
Indalasa Upper PulangiRural1,690
Kalasungay North HighwayUrban8,272
Kibalabag North HighwayRural1,158
Kulaman Upper PulangiRural1,341
Laguitas South HighwayRural3,233
Patpat North HighwayRural3,833
Linabo BasakanUrban6,933
Apo Macote BasakanRural4,903
Miglamin BasakanRural3,188
Magsaysay South HighwayRural3,001
Maligaya BasakanRural2,113
Managok BasakanRural7,200
Manalog North HighwayRural969
Mapayag South HighwayRural979
Mapulo Upper PulangiRural1,260
Barangay 1 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban5,293
Barangay 2 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban969
Barangay 3 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban788
Barangay 4 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban456
Barangay 5 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban186
Barangay 6 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban741
Barangay 7 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban2,298
Barangay 8 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban675
Barangay 9 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban9,022
Barangay 10 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban2,942
Barangay 11 (Pob.) PoblacionUrban3,209
Saint Peter Upper PulangiRural2,324
San Jose South HighwayUrban6,856
San Martin BasakanRural3,088
Santo Niño BasakanRural1,675
Silae Upper PulangiRural2,629
Simaya BasakanRural4,161
Sinanglanan BasakanRural3,262
Sumpong North HighwayUrban9,302
Violeta BasakanRural2,199
Zamboanguita Upper PulangiRural1,667
Total 174,625



Roads and highways

There are about 820.89 kilometers of road linking the different parts of the city. 102.70 km or 12.51% are classified as National Road, 60.40 km or 7.36% Provincial Road, 61.35 km or 7.47% City Road, and 596.44 km or 72.66% barangay roads. About 14.14% of all roads in the city are paved, that is, either concrete or asphalt. These are in the poblacion areas. At least 85.86% are unpaved (gravel or earth filled). These are primarily the barangay roads. These unpaved roads leading to the rural barangays usually require regular maintenance since they are easily destroyed by heavy rains. There are also logging roads leading to the forestal communities, but these are usually passable by farm animals and single motor cycles only, making it hard for communities to transport products into the market.

Connecting the various road networks and cutting across rivers and creeks are at least 22 bridges of various types. Almost all of these bridges are said to be in good condition. There are 15 bridges or 69.35% totaling to about 470.67 m in length that are administered nationally, while 3 bridges of about 115.00 m are under the province’s administration. Only about 93.00 m or about 13.70% are under the administration of city and barangays.

The Sayre Highway bisects the Poblacion, the main urban center of the City, serving as the main thoroughfare of the city.[25] Buses that ply the Cagayan de Oro City, Bukidnon, General Santos City and Davao City route, as well as jeepneys, multi-cabs, vans and private vehicles pass through this highway. Suburbs are served by multicabs, motorelas and improvised bicycles (trisikads).[26]

The current main highway in the city center is now congested. Heavy traffic and congestion has been observed in the main highway, especially during peak hours. The absence of proper and adequate parking areas further contributes to the congestion. The situation underlies the need for a bypass road as well as more traffic aides. The city has two proposed roads to answer the above concerns. The first proposal is the Circumferential Road from Sumpong to DPWH Depot in Casisang, which is 2.5 km. in length. The other is the by-pass road from Dalwangan to San Jose with a total stretch of 15 km.[27]

Public transportation

There are various types of public transportation. Buses that ply the Bukidnon, Cagayan de Oro, General Santos and Davao City route are used for travel from the city to other provinces. There are also mini-vans that transport passengers from Cagayan de Oro to Malaybalay. The multi-cabs ply the main highway from the poblacion proper to other points of destination within the city and nearby barangays. The four-wheeled motorelas are limited to the inner streets. Recently, tri-sikads have also begun to operate in the inner streets of Barangay Sumpong. Jeepneys are usually used for travel from the poblacion to other barangays and municipalities. In far-flung areas, motorcycles (habal-habal) are the fastest means of transportation.

The main terminal for public transportation vehicles is in the public market, especially for buses, mini-vans, and jeepneys. For motorelas and tri-sikads, street-corners of convergence serve as terminals or waiting areas.

With the increase in traffic of both vehicles and pedestrians, especially in the poblacion, there is a growing concern for better and safer organized streets. There is a need to designate walking pavements or pedestrian lanes, including pedestrian overpass especially for the use of children and students crossing the major highway.[27]

Airports and seaports

Malaybalay City once had an airport located at Barangay Casisang but closed in the 1990s by the provincial government to give land for housing; the nearest one is the Laguindingan Airport in Cagayan de Oro. The city also relies on the Cagayan de Oro seaport for the delivery of its products to other destinations in the Philippines as it is the closest port to the city.



All the 46 barangays are already energized. Majority or 57.07% of the city’s households have electricity for lighting. 39.88% of households still use kerosene.

Malaybalay is served by the Bukidnon Second Electric Cooperative Incorporated or BUSECO, which started its operations in 1979 (Table 77: Number of Connections by Type of Users and Average Consumption). Recent data from BUSECO indicate a total of 16,157 power connections. Of these 14,107 or 87.31% are residential connections, while 1,454 or 9.00% are commercial establishments.

While the number of household connections is 9 times more than the combined industrial and commercial connections, the average monthly consumption of households is 3.06% less than the latter. In actual number, businesses use at least 73,560.39 kWh per month more than households. This trend is not surprising because businesses tend to use more electricity than households.

However, the data underlines the need to plan ahead to ensure that there is enough power supply for the city’s growing power demands. Already, at least 43% of the population remains without electricity and those who do have experience regular power outage. This sector needs attention especially with the expected increase in population as well as business establishments.[27]


The water system and services of Malaybalay is provided by Malaybalay City Water District (MCWD) in which its office is located in Barangay Sumpong.

Telecommunications, Media and Courier Services

There are 2 major telephone companies in the city, the Southern Telecommunications Company (SOTELCO) and Philcom. Both Philcom and Sotelco offer Internet connections. Mobile phone services available in the city include Globe, Smart, TM and Sun. With the growing demand for better communication systems companies are facing the challenge of providing better and higher quality services to the population.

Broadcast media include 5 radio and 2 television repeater stations, including a cable station. Most national dailies such as the Philippine Daily Inquirer and Philippine Star are available. Local newspapers include the Bukidnon Newswatch, Gold Star Daily and Bukidnon Plateau.

There are 4 major courier services available in the city for national and international forwarding. The post office, the Bureau of Telecommunication and 2 telegraphic companies serve other communication needs.

The telecommunication technologies have continued to improve over the years. But the mode of communication in the upland barangays are still the old and tested letter sending through vehicle drivers and broadcasting over the public radio stations.[27]

The city's mobile and internet services are provided by Globe Telecom, PLDT, Parasat Cable TV and Smart Communications.

Law enforcement

The Malaybalay Police Station is responsible for the protection of the city’s population against crime. Data for year 2005 indicate that the police force is 76 and serving a population of 136,210. This translates to a ratio of 1 policeman for every 1,792 persons in the city. Ideal ratio for police to population is 1:500 and the minimum standard police-population ratio is 1:1,000. In terms of area coverage, this translates to 1 policeman for every 1,424 hectares.

There are 9 police community precincts located in Sumpong, Dalwangan, Casisang, Aglayan, Managok, Bangcud, Zamboangita, Can-ayan and Barangay 9 (Public Market). The police force to population ratio is highest in Casisang with 1 policeman for every 13,874 individuals. Lowest ratio is in Sumpong with 1:151. A low ratio indicates that there are more policemen available to serve the population of a given area.

Further analysis indicates that based on the total population, the number of existing police force and the minimum police-population ratio of 1:1,000, the city still needs 606 policemen.[28]

Malaybalay City host 2 military and police camps. One is the Camp Ramon M. Onahon, located at Barangay 7. It is the provincial headquarters of the Philippine National Police. The other one is Camp Osito Bahian, located at Impalambong, Barangay 10. It is the home of the 403rd Infantry Brigade

Barangay Public Safety Officer (BPSO) also assists in the peace-keeping efforts at the barangay level.

Medical facilities


Colleges and universities

Malaybalay City has four tertiary schools, found in the Poblacion area:

Primary and secondary schools

The city has 64 primary/elementary schools and 13 secondary schools, under the Division of Malaybalay City. Almost every barangay has at least one primary/elementary school, while secondary schools are strategically located in areas with higher population. Majority of the primary and secondary schools are run by the government through the Department of Education.[10][29] The accompanying table lists the elementary and secondary schools in the Division of Malaybalay City.[30]

Public Schools
District School Name School ID Location
I Capitán Angel Elementary School 126583 Capitán Angel
I Dalwangan Elementary School 126580 Dalwangan
I Kalasungay Central School 126582 Kalasungay
I Kalasungay National High School 314915 Kalasungay
I New Ilocos Elementary School 126589 Dalwangan
I Patpat Elementary School 126590 Patpat
II Baganao Elementary School 126575 Kibalabag
II Can-ayan Integrated School 314917 Can-ayan
II Candiisan Elementary School 126578 Can-ayan
II KIbalabag Elementary School 126584 Kibalabag
II Kilap-agan Elementary School 126585 Can-ayan
II Manalog Elementary School 126587 Manalog
II Sumpong Central School 126593 Sumpong
II Tag-ilanao Elementary School 126594 Can-ayan
II Tintinaan Elementary School 126595 Can-ayan
III Bukidnon National High School 303950 Barangay 03
III Bukidnon National High School - Dalwangan Annex 325504 Dalwangan
III Bukidnon National High School - Imbayao Annex 325503 Imbayao
III Imbayao Elementary School 126581 Imbayao
III Santa Ana Elementary School 125592 Casisang
IV Barangay 09 Elementary School 199510 Barangay 09
IV BCT Elementary School 126576 Barangay 10
IV Casisang National High School 314914 Casisang
IV Malaybalay City Central School 126586 Barangay 04
V Airport Village Elementary School 126574 Casisang
V Casisang Central School 126579 Casisang
V Mabuhay Elementary School 126565 San Jose
V Malaybalay City National Science High School 314904 Aglayan
V Natid-asan Elementary School 126588 Casisang
V Panamucan Elementary School 126551 San Jose
V San Jose Elementary School 126591 San Jose
VI Aglayan Central School 126557 Aglayan
VI Balangbang Elementary School 126535 Laguitas
VI Bendolan Elementary School 126559 Magsaysay
VI Cabangahan Elementary School 126561 Cabangahan
VI Laguitas Elementary School 126564 Laguitas
VI Magsaysay Elementary School 126567 Magsaysay
VI Malaybalay City National High School 314916 San Jose
VI Mapayag Elementary School 126569 Mapayag
VII Bangcud Central School 126558 Bangcud
VII Bangcud National High School 303946 Bangcud
VII Binalbagan Elementary School 126560 Simayà
VII Calawag Elementary School 126562 Ápò Macote
VII Dapulan Elementary School 126563 Ápò Macote
VII Macote Elementary School 126566 Ápò Macote
VII Padernal Elementary School 126570 Santo Niño
VII Simayà Elementary School 126573 Simayà
VIII Apò Macote National High School 325505 Ápò Macote
VIII Lalawan Elementary School 126542 Linabò
VIII Linabò Central School 126544 Linabò
VIII Malapgap Elementary School 126568 Sinanglanan
VIII Paiwaig Elementary School 199511 Linabò
VIII San Martin Elementary School 126571 San Martin
VIII San Martin Agro-Industrial National High School 303982 San Martin
VIII San Roque Elementary School 126572 Sinanglanan
VIII Sawaga Elementary School 126552 Violeta
IX Bagong Silang Elementary School 126534 Maligaya
IX Dumayas Elementary School 126539 Maligaya
IX Langasihan Elementary School 126543 Managók
IX Lunokan Elementary School 126545 Miglamin
IX Maligaya Elementary School 126546 Maligaya
IX Managók Central School 126547 Managók
IX Managók National High School 303973 Managók
IX Managók National High School - Lalawan Annex 325501 Linabò
IX Managók National High School - Miglamin Annex 314920 Miglamin
IX Matangpatang Elementary School 126549 Miglamin
IX Miglamin Elementary School 126550 Miglamin
X Busdì Integrated School 325502 Busdì
X Caburacanan Elementary School 126537 Caburacanan
X Indalasà Elementary School 126540 Indalasà
X Kibalabag (Silae) Elementary School 199518 Silae
X Kulaman Elementary School 126541 Kulaman
X Mapulo Elementary School 126548 Mapulo
X Saint Peter Elementary School 126554 Saint Peter
X Silae Elementary School 126553 Silae
X Silae National High School 303984 Silae
X Silae National High School - Saint Peter Annex 314905 Saint Peter
X Tuburan Elementary School 259006 Mapulo
X Zamboanguita Central School 126556 Zamboanguita


Available sports venues in the city include basketball courts, 1 bowling alley, 1 pelota court, and 10 tennis courts. All barangays in the city have at least one basketball court. With a total of 60 basketball courts, there are some barangays with 2 or more basketball courts. The recent resurgence of Badminton as a favorite sport has created 4 new facilities in this field of recreation.

There are 4 gymnasium/auditorium, which are used for sports events as well as other public programs or gatherings. Most people go to Valencia or Cagayan de Oro to watch movies.

There are 4 spring resorts located in Bangcud & Managok and 4 plazas or parks. Aside from these, well-maintained public open spaces for leisure and recreation have yet to be developed in the city.[28]


Parasat Cable TV provides cable television in the city. ABS-CBN and GMA have good and clear reception. ABS-CBN and GMA broadcast towers are located at the peak of Mount Kitanglad, the fourth highest mountain in the Philippines.

Radio stations have good and clear receptions in the City. Love Radio 106.3 FM is the major radio station in the City. Bukidnon State University created its own radio station (DxBU 104.5). Countryside Radio Group also operates DXXM-FM 92.7 & DXXB-FM 89.7 in the city.

National newspapers are available in the city like the Philippine Daily Inquirer, Philippine Star and Manila Bulletin. The Central Mindanao Newswatch is the major local newspaper distributor.

Radio stations

Sister cities



Notable people

See also


  1. "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Province: BUKIDNON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 Malaybalay Socio-Economic Profile (2007). Malaybalay City: City Government of Malaybalay.
  4. 1 2 3 "Region X (NORTHERN MINDANAO)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. Malaybalay City Profile
  6. Cultural and Historical Sites & Events
  7. 1 2 Historical Background of Malaybalay
  8. 1 2 Malaybalay City History
  9. Weatherbase: Historical Weather Data for Malaybalay, Philippines
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Commission on Population - Malaybalay City Profile
  11. 1 2 Sombrito, Elvira. "Soil Redistribution Studies Using Fallout 137Cs" (PDF). International Atomic Energy Agency. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  12. 1 2
  18. Malaybalay City,
  19. A Healing Silence
  23. 1 2 3
  24. 1 2 Malaybalay City Government
  25. When the Sayre Highway reaches the Poblacion of Malaybalay City, it is known as Fortich Street, named after the first governor of the province of Bukidnon
  26. Malaybalay City Transportation
  27. 1 2 3 4
  28. 1 2
  29. City of Malaybalay - Basic Services
  30. "Division of Malaybalay City Map". 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2016-09-27.
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