For other uses, see Madonna (disambiguation).

Madona skyline


Coat of arms

Location in Latvia

Coordinates: 56°51′N 26°13′E / 56.850°N 26.217°E / 56.850; 26.217Coordinates: 56°51′N 26°13′E / 56.850°N 26.217°E / 56.850; 26.217
Country  Latvia
District Madona municipality
Town rights 1926
  Mayor Andrejs Ceļapīters
  Total 10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
  Total 9,394
  Density 895/km2 (2,320/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-4801
Calling code +371 648
Number of city council members 11

Madona ( pronunciation ; German: Madohn) is a town with town rights in the Vidzeme region of Latvia and is the center of the Madona municipality.

Skola street, Madona
Main street, Madona. 1918 year


The surrounding area of Madona had been populated in earlier times, which is confirmed by discoveries of old burial grounds in the city's vicinity. Madona is first mentioned in writing in 1461, when Archbishop Sylvester began renting the lands of Birži Manor. However, the Swedish government placed the land under state control. After the Great Northern War, Madona became property of the Russian Empire. Empress Elizabeth presented Birži Manor along with other of Vidzeme's manors to Count Alexander Buturlin.

Empress Catherine II bought the lands back as a present to another relative of her court — the Serbian major-general Maxim Zorić. From the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century, the location of Madona was the fields of Birži Manor.

According to one version, the name of Madona stems from the adjacent Madona Lake. According to another version, Madona got its name from Birži Manor, which German exonym is Madohn or Modohn. For this reason, the railway station situated at the Pļaviņas - Valka narrow gauge railway line was named Madona as well. The populated place that slowly emerged around the station also got this name after the erection of the Madona railway station in 1903.[1]

Village privileges was given to Madona 1 July 1921, and town privileges 7 June 1926. Since 1 April 1925 Madona was the center of the newly founded Madona parish. Madona had 1,357 inhabitants at the time.


The Latvian Central Statistics Department reported 9,242 citizens as of 1 January 2007, with 888 people per square kilometre (0.37 square miles).

Demographic situation in Madona

When it comes to age distribution of the Madona inhabitants, the majority group consisting of 50,925 people are registered as "labour-capable" (Latvian: darbaspējīgie); 1,339 are under the age of "labour-capability" and 1867 are over. As of 21 December 2003, there are 211 (3.5%) unemployed citizens of the labour force.[2]


The town of Madona lies in hilly surroundings, that descents underneath the town in a northwestern-southeastern direction. Several minor rivers and streams flows through the town, such as: Lisa River, Leivārīte, Ridzīte, Mucenieki River, Rieba River and Madona River — which flows can be seen in beautiful glens, like: The Love Glen, The Wedding Glen and The Divorce Glen. In The Love Glen is a park, in which the manmade water reservoir has one of the highest fountains in Latvia.

Notable locations and objects


Madona is 170 km from Latvian capital Riga, eastern direction. Most popular tourism objects in Madona and surrounding:


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madona.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Madona.
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