Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset

Duchess of Parma

Madeleine and her children, Xavier and Marie des Neiges.
Born (1898-03-23)23 March 1898
Paris, France
Died 1 September 1984(1984-09-01) (aged 86)
Burial Lignières Castle
Spouse Xavier, Duke of Parma
Full name
Marie Madeleine Yvonne de Bourbon-Busset
Father Georges de Bourbon-Busset,
Count de Lignières
Mother Marie Jeanne de Kerret de Quillien
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon-Busset: old Bourbon, a Jerusalem chief.

Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset (23 March 1898 1 September 1984 in Paris) was the titular Duchess of Parma (from 1974) and was also Carlist queen of Spain (from 1952) as the consort of Xavier of Bourbon, the Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne.

She was born of a cadet branch of the Bourbon Counts of Busset, male-line descendants of Louis de Bourbon (1437-1482), prince du sang, Bishop of Liège,[1] allegedly by a liaison with Catherine de Gueldres.[2] Her father was Georges de Bourbon-Busset, Count de Lignières (1860-1932), and her mother Marie Jeanne née de Kerret-Quillien (1866-1958).[3]

Prince Xavier, a younger son of Robert of Parma, and Madeleine were wed 12 November 1927 at the château de Lignières in Cher.[3] The couple took up residence in the Bourbonnais where Xavier managed Madeleine's farm lands.[3] The marriage was accepted as dynastic at the time by neither Prince Elias of Bourbon-Parma (Xavier's elder half-brother, then acting head of the House of Bourbon-Parma), nor by the senior Bourbons of the Spanish branch (Alphonso XIII), but was later recognized by the Parmesan Duke Robert Hugo,[1] and by the Carlist pretender Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime.[3]

In 1936 Duke Alfonso Carlos, the last undisputed head of the Carlist movement, appointed her husband Xavier as Carlist "regent". Madeleine actively supported her husband's political activities and social views.[3]

Madeleine is the author of "Catherine de Médicis", published in France in 1940.[1]

The couple had issue:[1]

References and notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsbur g. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 416-417, 422. (French). ISBN 2-908003-04-X
  2. Anselme, Père. ‘’Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 307, 375. (French).
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. ‘’Le Petit Gotha’’. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, (French) p. 586-589 ISBN 2-9507974-3-1

External links

Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 23 March 1898 Died: 1 September 1984
Titles in pretence
Title last held by
Maria das Neves of Portugal
Queen of Spain
20 May 1952 – 7 May 1977
Succeeded by
Irene of the Netherlands

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