M1867 Russian Krnka

Obr.1867 Krnka

Obr.1867 Krnka Infantry Rifle
Type Side-hinged lifting Breechblock
Place of origin  Russian Empire
Service history
In service 1869-1880
Used by Russian Empire
Kingdom of Bulgaria
Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Montenegro
Wars Russo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars
World War I
Production history
Designer Sylvester Krnka
Designed 1867
Manufacturer Tula Arsenal
Variants Infantry, Cavalry
Weight 4.5 / 4.9 kg / (without / with bayonet)
Length 1300 / 1800 mm (without / with bayonet)

Cartridge 15.24x40mmR
Caliber .60
Action Lifting-Block
Rate of fire 9 rounds per minute
Maximum firing range 1200 arshins (850 m)
Feed system Single shot

The M1867 Russian Krnka (Винтовка Крнка́) was a breech loading conversion of the muzzle-loading Model 1857 Six Line rifle musket designed by Czech arms maker, Sylvester Krnka. It was adopted by the Russian Empire in 1869, and was similar to the contemporary Snider-Enfield and Tabatiere conversions. Conversions were carried out at the Tula armory (TOZ).

The design of the rifle

Two main versions were produced: infantry and cavalry rifles. Shortly after its introduction to service, the M1867 was replaced by the Berdan rifle, though both weapons would serve simultaneously for a time. The rifles were issued to conscripts and police forces in the Central Asian territories, like Samarkand. After being taken out of service, many were converted into cheap shotguns.


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