Lucilia (gens)

"Lucilius" redirects here. For the poet, see Gaius Lucilius.
Monument of Lucilia Polla and Marcus Murrius Saturius, dating to the first century AD. Santa Giulia Museum, Brescia.

The gens Lucilia was a plebeian family at ancient Rome. The most famous of the gens was the poet Gaius Lucilius, who flourished during the latter part of the second century BC. Although many Lucilii appear in Roman history, none of them obtained any of the higher offices of the Roman state.[1]


The nomen Lucilius is a patronymic surname, derived from the common Latin praenomen Lucius.[2] The satirist Lucilius is said to have come from Suessa Aurunca, an ancient town of the Aurunci, where a Latin colony was established in 313 BC.[3]

Branches and cognomina

In the time of the Republic, the surnames of the Lucilii were Balbus and Bassus, the former originally referring to one who stammers, and the latter referring to someone stout or sturdy. Later, in imperial times, we find Capito, given to one with a large or prominent head, and Longus, "tall". Rufus, commonly given to someone with red hair, appears on coins of the Lucilii, but the cognomen is not mentioned by any ancient writer. A number of the Lucilii are mentioned without a surname.[1][4]


See also


  1. 1 2 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 822 ("Lucilia Gens").
  2. Chase, p. 125
  3. Juvenal, i. 20.
  4. Chase, pp. 109, 110.
  5. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 823 ("Gaius Lucilius").
  6. Eckhel, vol. V, p. 239.
  7. Velleius Paterculus, ii. 24.
  8. Cicero, De Oratore, iii. 21; Brutus, 42; Pro Quinto, 16, 17.
  9. Digesta, i. tit. 2. s. 42.
  10. Cicero, De Natura Deorum, i. 6, iii. 40; De Divinatione, i. 5; Hortensius (Fragmenta" p. 484, ed. Orelli).
  11. Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, xii. 5, as quoted in the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 473 ("Lucilius Bassus").
  12. Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, v. 20. § 4.
  13. Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, iii. 5. § 1, xii. 13. § 3.
  14. Asconius, In Milone, p. 37 (ed. Orelli).
  15. Appian, Bellum Civile, i. 129.
  16. Plutarch, "The Life of Brutus", 50; "The Life of Antonius", 69.
  17. Tacitus, Annales, iv. 15.
  18. Tacitus, Annales, i. 23.
  19. Tacitus, Annales, iv. 15.
  20. Cassius Dio, lvii. 23.
  21. Seneca the Younger, Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium, lxxix.
  22. Tacitus, Historiae, ii. 100, iii. 12, 36, 40, iv. 3.
  23. Gruter, p. 573.


External links

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