Louis J. Gallagher
Louis J. Gallagher, SJ (July 22, 1885 – August 1972) was an American Jesuit, known for his educational and literary work.
Born in Boston, Louis J. Gallagher entered the Society of Jesus on August 15, 1905, and was ordained as a priest in 1920, and worked for a while as the headmaster of Xavier High School in New York City (1921–22).
In the aftermath of the Russian famine of 1921, Gallagher went to Russia as the Assistant Director of Papal Relief Mission, which was headed by another American Jesuit, and Gallagher's close friend, Edmund A. Walsh (1922–23). Besides providing help to the starving of the Volga, the two Jesuits had a special task, given to them by Pope Pius XI as one of the first things he did as the Pope: to "seek and find" the Holy Relics of their 17th-century colleague, Blessed Andrew Bobola, which had apparently disappeared from Polotsk during, or soon after, the Russian Civil War or the Soviet-Polish War. Eventually, in September 1923 the Bolsheviks told the American Jesuits that Bobola's relics had been taken to a medical museum ("Hygiene Exhibition" of the People's Commissariat for Health in Moscow, and agreed to allow them to be taken to the Vatican. Accordingly, on October 3 Walsh and Gallagher securely packed the body (later described by an American journalist as a "remarkably well-preserved mummy") at the museum, and took it to one of Moscow's train stations. Traveling as a diplomatic courier, Gallagher delivered the Holy Relics to the Vatican right in time for All Saints' Day (November 1) of 1923, by the way of Odessa, Istanbul and Brindisi.
Back in the USA, Gallagher served as the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Georgetown University (1924–26), Assistant to Provincial of the New England Province of the Society of Jesus (1926–32), and President of Boston College (1932–37).
In April 1938, the same Pius XI who had started his pontificate charging the two Jesuits in Moscow with the task of searching for Bobola's relics, had Bobola canonized, less than a year before his own death. The following year Gallagher published an English translation of the new Saint's biography.
Gallagher also was one of the founders of the Institute of Social Order (1941–43), and served as the archivist of the New England Province of the Society of Jesus, and later (1954–1970) as the historian for the Jesuits of Georgetown University.
When Edmund A. Walsh died in October 1956, Gallagher, described by a modern historian as Walsh's closest friend, wrote an obituary for him, which was published in the Jesuit journal Woodstock letters in 1957. In 1962, Gallagher published his friend's biography, which remained the only book-length biography of Walsh until 2005.
Louis J. Gallagher wrote, or translated into English from Latin and Italian, a number of books, usually connected with the history of the Jesuit Order.
- The Test Heritage (1938)
- The life of Saint Andrew Bobola of the Society of Jesus, martyr, by Cesare Moreschini; translated by Louis J. Gallagher and Paul Vincent Donovan. B. Humphries, inc. (Boston), 1939.
- The China That Was (1942)
- China in the Sixteenth Century: The Journals of Matteo Ricci (1942; reprint 1953) - an English translation of Matteo Ricci and Nicolas Trigault's De Christiana expeditione apud Sinas suscepta ab Societate Jesu
- Episode on Beacon Hill (1950)
- Edmund A. Walsh, S.J., a Biography (1962)
On the screen
It was reported in 2009 that the Polish director Robert Glinksi (Polish: Robert Gliński) was planning to shoot a movie about Walsh's and Gallagher's adventures in Russia, under the title Łowca dusz ("Soul Hunter").
- Obituary in New York Times, August 16, 1972
- The biographical note at the last page of "China in the Sixteenth Century: The Journals of Matteo Ricci", Random House, New York, 1953.
- Patrick H. McNamara (2005). A Catholic Cold War: Edmund A. Walsh, S.J., and the politics of American anticommunism. Fordham Univ Press. p. xiii. ISBN 0-8232-2459-7.
- Movies to Feature Jesuit Stories.
- Religion: Saints Time magazine, Monday, Apr. 25, 1938. (The Time article says that Walsh personally transported the Holy Relics from Moscow to Rome; but this is apparently a mistake, since both Gallagher (1953) describes Gallagher's role as a diplomatic courier with the relics, and McNamara (2005), p. 45, mentions that Walsh stayed behind in Moscow after Gallagher's departure, and only left Moscow on November 16, 1923, and arrived in Rome on December 3. The author of the book explicitly says in his blog say that Gallagher was entrusted with that task.)
- Jan Popłatek (1936). Błagosławiony Andrzej Bobola (Blessed Andrew Bobola) (PDF) (in Polish). pp. 250–253. This book uses as one of its sources L.J. Gallagher's article, "How we rescued the Relics of Blessed Andrew Bobola" (1924), which unfortunately was not available to this contributor.
- "HEADS BOSTON COLLEGE.; The Rev. Louis J. Gallagher Succeeds the Rev. James H. Dolan". The New York Times. 1932-01-02. p. Social News p. 8.
- The life of Saint Andrew Bobola of the Society of Jesus, martyr - bibliographic entry
- The Catholic Diplomat: Edmund A. Walsh, S.J.
- Polish Film Institute awards $17m in funding, 2 March 2009, By Theo Schwinke
- Polish film grants announced, 11 March 2009, By Katarzyna Grynienko