Louis Bonaparte (1864-1932)
Louis Bonaparte, as he was known, was born in Meudon and was the second son of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte, the son of Napoleons brother Jérôme Bonaparte, and of Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
He had the same education as his elder brother Victor, Prince Napoléon. After that, he lived a lazy life in Paris, staying at the house of his aunt Mathilde Bonaparte. His father directed him towards a military career. As a descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte, he wasn't allowed in the French Army and therefore became a lieutenant in the Italian Army at Verona, with the approval of his uncle King Umberto I of Italy.
Because of anti-French sentiments in the Italian Army, he decided in 1890 to leave Italy and enter in the service of the Russian Army. In 1895 he became colonel and in 1902 he was stationed in the Caucasus. When in 1905 riots broke out between Armenians and Azeris in Yerevan, he was named Governor of the province of Yerevan and ordered to restore the order.
In 1910, as lieutenant-general, he retired from the Russian Army and moved to the family domain at Prangins in Switserland. At the request of the Russian tsar, he became liaison officer for the Russian Army with the Third Italian Army, led by his cousin Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta.
In 1917, he returned to Prangins, from where he made several travels, including to Japan and the United States.
He died in 1932 from a stroke. He never married and had no children.
- A Survival of a Nation by Christopher Walker (ISBN 9780312049447)
- Dictionnaire du Second Empire (1995) by Jean Tulard
- Fire and sword in the Caucasus by Luigi Villari (pages 216–228)