Lord Archibald Hamilton

For other people named Archibald Hamilton, see Archibald Hamilton (disambiguation).
Lord Archibald Hamilton
Died 5 April 1754
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Captain
Commands held Greenwich Hospital

Lord Archibald Hamilton of Riccarton and Pardovan (bapt. 17 February 1673 – 5 April 1754) was a Scottish officer of the Royal Navy, and British politician.


Hamilton was the youngest son of William Douglas-Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton and Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton.

Following studies at Glasgow University, Archibald was sent to study under the Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed in London, thereafter taking a commission aboard the HMS Resolution.[1]

He was commissioned a Captain on 11 September 1693 and by the end of 1694 was appointed to a new 48 gun vessel, the Litchfield at Portsmouth. In 1695 he was active in the English Channel pursuing French privateers, including the Tyger out of St Malo, an encounter commemorated in a painting by Willem van de Velde the Younger.[2]

In 1704 Hamilton, in command of HMS Eagle, was present at the Capture of Gibraltar and the Battle of Málaga.

In 1708, he was elected as MP for Lanarkshire. Hamilton held the seat until 1710, then served as Governor of Jamaica from 1711–1716.

He played a controversial role in setting up some of the founders of the infamous Bahamanian pirate gang, including Henry Jennings, for which he was arrested and brought back to England by the Royal Navy.[3] He was ultimately released and, later, was re-elected for Lanarkshire, then for Queenborough in 1735 and Dartmouth in 1742. Hamilton was also a Lord of the Admiralty from 1729–38 and Governor of Greenwich Hospital from 1746 until his death. For much of his life, he lived at Park Place at Remenham in Berkshire.


Hamilton's first wife was Anne Cary (a daughter of the 2nd Baron Lucas and mother of the 6th Viscount Falkland). She died in 1709 and Hamilton then married Anne, Lady Hamilton (widow of Sir Francis Hamilton, 3rd Baronet). His second wife died in 1719 and later that year, he married Lady Jane Hamilton (a daughter of the 6th Earl of Abercorn). Hamilton and his third wife later had six children:

Elizabeth Hamilton, later Countess of Warwick (1720–1800), and her brother William Hamilton (1730–1803) (William Hoare)


  1. Marshall, pp145-146
  3. Woodard, Colin (2007). The Republic of Pirates. Harcourt, Inc. pp. 122–131, 142–43, 196. ISBN 978-0-15-603462-3.
Parliament of Great Britain
New constituency Member of Parliament for Lanarkshire
Succeeded by
Sir James Hamilton, Bt.
Preceded by
James Lockhart
Member of Parliament for Lanarkshire
1718 – 1734
Succeeded by
Lord William Hamilton
Preceded by
Richard Evans
Sir George Saunders
Member of Parliament for Queenborough
with Richard Evans

1735 – 1741
Succeeded by
Richard Evans
Thomas Newnham
Preceded by
George Treby
Walter Carey
Member of Parliament for Dartmouth
with Walter Carey

1742 – 1747
Succeeded by
Walter Carey
John Jeffreys
Government offices
Preceded by
Thomas Handasyde
Governor of Jamaica
Succeeded by
Peter Heywood
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Balchen
Governor, Greenwich Hospital
Succeeded by
Isaac Townsend


  1. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org
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