Londonderry City (UK Parliament constituency)
Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
Londonderry City was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system .
Boundaries and Boundary Changes
This constituency was the Parliamentary borough of Derry in County Londonderry.
It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801. In 1922 it was combined with North Londonderry and South Londonderry, to form the Londonderry county constituency.
After the extension of the franchise in 1885, the constituency was one of the most marginal seats in Ireland. There were many close elections.
Sinn Féin won in 1918. The MP (best known in Irish history as Professor Eoin MacNeill) was also returned by National University of Ireland. As MacNeill did not take his seat in the United Kingdom House of Commons he could not choose which constituency he would represent and arrange a by-election in the other. He played an active role in the First Dáil and in the government it set up.
Members of Parliament
|1802||Sir George Fitzgerald Hill, Bt||Tory|
|1830||Sir Robert Alexander Ferguson, Bt||Liberal|
|1860 by-election||William McCormick||Conservative|
|1865||Lord Claud John Hamilton||Conservative|
|1868||Richard Dowse||Liberal Party|
|1872 by-election||Charles Edward Lewis||Conservative|
|1886||Justin McCarthy||Irish Parliamentary Party|
|1895||Edmund Francis Vesey Knox||Irish Parliamentary Party|
|1899 by-election||Arthur John Moore||Irish Parliamentary Party|
|1900||Marquess of Hamilton||Unionist|
|1913 by-election||David Cleghorn Hogg||Liberal Party|
|1914 by-election||James Brown Dougherty||Liberal Party|
|1918||Eoin MacNeill||Sinn Féin|
The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.
|Sinn Féin||Eoin MacNeill||7,335||50.7||N/A|
|Irish Unionist||Sir Robert Newton Anderson||7,020||48.5||N/A|
|Irish Parliamentary||William Hamilton Davey||120||0.8||N/A|
|Sinn Féin gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Sir James Brown Dougherty||unopposed|
|Liberal||David Cleghorn Hogg||2,699||50.5||+50.5|
|Irish Unionist||Hercules Arthur Pakenham||2,642||49.5||-1.6|
|Liberal gain from Irish Unionist||Swing||n/a|
|Irish Unionist||Marquis of Hamilton||2,415||51.1|
|Irish Parliamentary||John Randolph Leslie||2,310||48.9|
|Irish Unionist hold||Swing|
- ↑ Lewis was declared elected at the 1886 general election, but the result was overturned on petition, and the seat awarded to McCarthy
- ↑ Debrett's House of Commons 1918 p 249
- The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), 2nd edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
- Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
- Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4 )
- List of UK Parliament Constituencies in Ireland and Northern Ireland
- Redistribution of Seats (Ireland) Act 1918
- MPs elected in the UK general election, 1918
- List of Dáil Éireann constituencies in Ireland (historic)
- Members of the 1st Dáil