Lloyd's Register

Not to be confused with Lloyds Bank, Lloyd's of London, or Lloyd's List.

Coordinates: 51°30′45″N 0°04′44″W / 51.51255°N 0.078804°W / 51.51255; -0.078804

Lloyd's Register Group Limited
Company limited by shares. Sole shareholder is the Lloyd’s Register Foundation, a UK registered charity.
Industry Maritime and shipping
Management systems
Genre Independent risk management organisation and classification society
Founded 1760 (1760)
Headquarters 71 Fenchurch Street, London, United Kingdom
Number of locations
Area served
Key people
Thomas Thune Andersen (Chairman)
Alastair Marsh (CEO)
Nick Brown (Marine Director)
John Rowley (Managing Director, Management Systems and Inspection Services)
Services Classification
Risk management
Management systems certification
Revenue £1.03billion [1]
£88 million
Profit £51 million
Owner Independent
Number of employees
Parent Lloyd's Register Foundation, UK registered charity[2]
Subsidiaries LRQA, Martec,
Website www.lr.org

Lloyd's Register Group Limited (LR) is a technical and business services organisation and a maritime classification society, wholly owned by the Lloyd’s Register Foundation, a UK charity dedicated to research and education in science and engineering. The organisation dates back to 1760. Its stated aims are to enhance the safety of life, property, and the environment, by helping its clients (including by validation, certification and accreditation) to ensure the quality construction, and operation, of critical infrastructure.

Historically, as Lloyd's Register of Shipping, it was a specifically maritime organisation. During the late 20th century, it diversified into other industries including oil and gas, process industries, nuclear, and rail. Through its 100% subsidiary Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance Ltd (LRQA), it is also a major vendor of independent assessment services, including management systems certification for quality certification to ISO9001, ISO14001 and OSHAS18001. Lloyd's Register is unaffiliated with Lloyd's of London.

In July 2012, the organisation converted from an industrial and provident society to a company limited by shares, named Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, with the new Lloyd’s Register Foundation as the sole shareholder. At the same time the organisation gifted to the Foundation a substantial bond and equity portfolio to assist it with its charitable purposes and it will benefit from continued funding from the group’s operating arm, Lloyd’s Register Group Limited.


The organisation's name came from the 17th-century coffee house in London frequented by merchants, marine underwriters, and others, all associated with shipping. The coffee house owner, Edward Lloyd, helped them to exchange information by circulating a printed sheet of all the news he heard. In 1760, the Register Society was formed by the customers of the coffee house who assembled the Register of Shipping, the first known register of its type. Between 1800 and 1833, a dispute between shipowners and underwriters caused them to publish a list each—the "Red Book" and the "Green Book".[3] This brought both parties to the verge of bankruptcy. Agreement was reached in 1834 when they united to form Lloyd’s Register of British and Foreign Shipping, establishing a General Committee and charitable values. In 1914, with an increasingly international outlook, the organisation changed its name to Lloyd's Register of Shipping.

The Register

The Society printed the first Register of Ships in 1764 in order to give both underwriters and merchants an idea of the condition of the vessels they insured and chartered: ship hulls were graded by a lettered scale (A being the best), and ship's fittings (masts, rigging, and other equipment) were graded by number (1 being the best). Thus the best classification "A1", from which the expression A1 or A1 at Lloyd's is derived, first appeared in the 1775–76 edition of the Register.

The Register, with information on all seagoing, self-propelled merchant ships of 100 gross tonnes or greater, is published annually. A vessel remains registered with Lloyd's Register until she is sunk, wrecked, hulked, or scrapped.

The Register was published formerly by the joint venture company of Lloyd's Register-Fairplay, which was formed in July 2001 by the merger of Lloyd's Register's Maritime Information Publishing Group and Prime Publications Limited. Lloyd's Register sold its share of the venture to IHS in 2009.

Classification rules

The Lloyd's Register load line on the hull of the Cutty Sark

Lloyd's Register provides quality assurance and certification for ships, offshore structures, and shore-based installations such as power stations and railway infrastructure. However, Lloyd's Register is known best for the classification and certification of ships, and inspects and approves important components and accessories, including life-saving appliances, marine pollution prevention, fire protection, navigation, radio communication equipment, deck gear, cables, ropes, and anchors.[4]

LR's Rules for Ships

LR's Rules for Ships are derived from principles of naval architecture and marine engineering, and govern safety and operational standards for numerous merchant, military, and privately owned vessels. LR's Rules govern a number of topics including:

Specific editions of the rules are available to cater for merchant ships, naval ships, trimarans, special purpose vessels and offshore structures.[5] A ship is known as being in class if she meets all the minimum requirements of LR's Rules, and such a status affects the possibility of a ship getting insurance. Class can be withdrawn from a ship if she is in violation of any regulations and does not maintain the minimum requirements specified by the company. However, exceptional circumstances may warrant special dispensation from Lloyd's Register. Any alteration to the vessel, whether it is a structural alteration or machinery, must be approved by Lloyd's Register before it is implemented.

Ships are inspected on a regular basis by a team of Lloyd's Register surveyors, one of the most important inspections being a ship's Load Line survey - due once every five years. Such a survey includes an inspection of the hull to make sure that the load line has not been altered. Numerous other inspections such as the condition of hatch and door seals, safety barriers, and guard rails are also performed. Upon completion the ship is allowed to be operated for another year, and is issued a Load Line Certificate.

Rules & Regulations

Lloyd’s Register provide a list of rules and regulations to the public.

List of regulations:


Lloyd's Register building

Lloyd's Register's main office is located in London at 71 Fenchurch Street. Lloyd's Register also maintains other offices globally, including Hong Kong (Asia Office) and Houston, Texas (Americas Office).

Influence in Austria

In 1833 the Österreichischer Lloyd ("Austrian Lloyd") company was formed in the then-Austrian port city of Trieste, consciously modeling itself on the British company and seeking to publish a similar register. Later it also became an important shipping line.


  1. "Lloyd's Register Group Review 2014". Lr.org. 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2015-02-15.
  2. Lloyd's Register Foundation
  3. Michael Palmer, Lloyd's Register of Shipping, online, read 29 October 2011
  4. "Anchor Certification, HHP & SHHP Classification, and Type Approval". Petersmith.net.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
  5. "Lloyd's Register publications". Lloyd's. September 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
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