"Levadia" and "Lebadea" redirect here. For the Estonian football club, see FC Levadia Tallinn. For the brush-footed butterfly, see Lebadea (butterfly).

Coordinates: 38°26′N 22°52′E / 38.433°N 22.867°E / 38.433; 22.867Coordinates: 38°26′N 22°52′E / 38.433°N 22.867°E / 38.433; 22.867
Country Greece
Administrative region Central Greece
Regional unit Boeotia
  Municipality 694.016 km2 (267.961 sq mi)
  Municipal unit 166.691 km2 (64.360 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
  Municipality 31,315
  Municipality density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
  Municipal unit 22,779
  Municipal unit density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
  Population 22,193 (2011)
  Area (km2) 139.614
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 321 00
Area code(s) 22610
Vehicle registration ΒΙ

Livadeia (Greek: Λιβαδειά Livadiá, Greek pronunciation: [livaˈðʝa]; Ancient Greek: Λεβάδεια, Lebadeia) is a town in central Greece. It is the capital of the Boeotia regional district. Livadeia lies 90 km (56 mi) north-west of Athens, 64 km (40 mi) west of Chalkida, 63 km (39 mi) south-east of Lamia, 44 km (27 mi) east-south-east of Amfissa, and 91 km (57 mi) east-north-east of Nafpaktos. The town lies some five kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Greek National Road 3, to which it is linked by National Road 48.

The area around Livadeia is mountainous, with farming activities mainly confined to the valleys. The area has traditionally been associated with the production and processing of cotton and tobacco, as well as the cultivation of cereal crops and the raising of livestock.

Livadeia is home to Levadiakos FC, members of the Greek Superleague.


The municipality of Livadeia covers an area of 694.016 km2 (267.961 sq mi), the municipal unit of Livadeia 166.691 km2 (64.360 sq mi) and the community 139.614 km2 (53.905 sq mi).[2]


The municipality Livadeia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in brackets):[3]

The community Livadeia consists of the following outlying settlements (besides the town itself): Agios Nikolaos Livadeias (pop: 25), Analypsis Livadeias (pop: 184), Elikon (pop: 43), Perachora (pop: 279), Stathmos (pop: 3), Tzimeika (pop: 25) and Tsoukalades (pop: 149).

Historical population

Year Town Municipal unit Municipality
1981 18,885
1991 19,295
2001 20,061 20,769
2011 22,193 22,779 31,315


Pausanias, writing in the 2nd century AD, reported that the original name of the city was Mideia, and that it took its name Lebadeia from Lebados of Athens, who moved the city from high to low ground,[4] to its current location on the banks of the Herkyna river. The sacred protector of the city was the hero/god Trophonios, whose oracle, involving a harrowing descent into an underground chamber, was famous beyond the borders of Greece. At the springs of the Herkyna river are shallow grottos with niches and marble remnants said to be the site of the oracle. On the hill above is a small medieval castle, mostly the work of the Catalan Company during the 14th century, accessible by foot. Further west, commanding a dramatic view from the hill of Profitis Ilias, are the remains of a large temple of Zeus Basileus, perhaps begun in the 3rd century BC but never completed.[5] The cathedral church of St. George houses an important relic, a head of St. George, translated to Venice in the 15th century but restored to Livadeia as a gesture of interfaith cooperation in 1999.[6] In medieval times the river was lined by a series of water mills, one of which is preserved.

During the Byzantine times Livadeia, enters a period of decline, only in the 9th century some economic growth was depicted. During the Frankish Livadeia came back on track, then it passes in Catalan sovereignty. The Turkish domination begins in 1458,when economic and administrative privileges granted to residents, contribute to industry and trade.Today the city is the financial, industrial, commercial center of the law.Finally,Livadeia is also developed in craft, folk art and industry. An important source for the economy is also the tourism.


Livadeia hosts two sports club with presence in the higher national divisions, Levadiakos F.C. a football club and Livadeia B.C. (A.E. Livadeias) a basketball club.

Sport clubs based in Livadeia
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Levadiakos F.C.1961Football Presence in A Ethniki
Livadeia B.C.1994 Basketball Presence in A2 Ethniki

See also


  1. 1 2 "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  3. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  4. Pausanias. "Book IX.39.1-2". Description of Greece., Ἑλλάδος περιήγησις (in Greek). At the Perseus Project.
  5. Hansen, Mogens et al., Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford 2004
  6. "Ναός Αγίου Γεωργίου (Λιβαδειά) - Βοιωτικός Κόσμος". Retrieved 2013-03-26.
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