Little Russia Governorate (1764–81)

Not to be confused with Little Russia Governorate (1796-1802).
Malorossiya Governorate
Малороссiйская губернiя
Governorate of Russian Empire



Capital Hlukhiv (1764–1773)
Kozelets (1773–1775)
Kiev (1775–1781)
  1764–1781 Pyotr Rumyantsev[1]
Legislature Little Russian Collegium
  Established 12 December 1764
  Disestablished 27 February 1781
Political subdivisions regiments (polki)
Today part of Chernihiv Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Kiev Oblast, Poltava Oblast, Cherkasy Oblast, Sumy Oblast, Kharkiv Oblast

The First Little Russia Governorate (Russian: Малороссiйская Губернiя) or Government of Malorossiya was created by Russian authorities in 1764-65 as part of the Second Partition of Poland, from which the entire Right-Bank Ukraine was incorporated into the Russian Empire. The (First) Little Russia Governorate was governed by Pyotr Rumyantsev.

With another administrative reform of 1781 the governorate and its subdivisions (regiments) were liquidated and replaced with vice-royalties divided into counties (uyezds).


The governorate was divided into 10 regiments (polk) which were equivalent to counties (uyezd).

Coat of arms

Cossack with musket, official coat of arms of the Cossack Hetmanate

Until 1767 the coat of arms for the governorate was Cossack with musket when it was finally replaced with the Russian double headed eagle.


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