Lithuanian Land Force

Lithuanian Land Force
Lietuvos sausumos pajėgos
Active 1918–1940
Country  Lithuania
Branch Army
Type Land force
Role Defend territory of Lithuania and act as an integral part of NATO forces
Size 8,120 active duty
4,550 active reserve (volunteers)
Part of Lithuanian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Vilnius
Motto(s) "Strength in unity, victory in trust!"
Equipment Lithuanian army equipment
Website Official site
Brigadier General Valdemaras Rupšys
Chief of Staff Colonel Dalius Polekauskas
Chief Warrant Sergeant Major Osvaldas Žurauskas
Flag of Lithuanian Land Force
Flag of Land Forces Command

The Lithuanian Land Forces (LLF) form the backbone of the country's defence force, capable of acting as an integral part of NATO forces. Lithuanian Land Forces consist of one brigade, the Engineer Battalion, and the National Defence Volunteers.


The main element of the Land Forces is a single mechanised infantry brigade, the Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade. This is formed around three mechanized infantry battalions and an artillery battalion, all named after Lithuanian grand dukes as the tradition of the Lithuanian Armed Forces goes.

In addition to the formed infantry brigade, the Land Forces maintain three additional motorised infantry battalions; one of these is tasked to support operations both domestically and overseas; one is tasked primarily with the defence of territorial Lithuania, and the third is primarily a training unit

Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion is responsible for mine clearance, the construction of pontoon bridges, unexploded ordnance detonation tasks, underwater engineering, and participation in search and rescue operations. The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Platoon is ready to participate in international operations. Starting in 2008, the Lithuanian Armed Forces launched a 10-year-long project continuing mine cleaning on Lithuanian territory of explosives left after the First and Second World War, and in former Soviet military bases.

As an integral part of the Land Forces, the National Defence Volunteers have been developing since the beginning of the national movement for independence. The volunteers act smoothly together with the Allies during military operations and have been assigned new missions: to augment the regular forces, to deploy individual units and specific capabilities for international operations, to assist host nation support and to support the civilian authorities.


Structure of the Lithuanian Land Forces

With the reintroduction of conscription in 2015 the Lithuanian Land Force began an expansion of its main combat formations, which will conclude by early 2017:


Lithuanian soldiers

In reforming the Armed Forces, most of the available attention and financial resources have been directed to the development of the Land Forces. To bring them up to NATO standards, current efforts focus on upgrading equipment and armaments, enhancing their operational effectiveness, and combat training. The standard service assault rifle of the Lithuanian Armed Forces is the Heckler & Koch G36 and the standard pistol is the Glock 17. The Lithuanian Land Forces are also equipped with machine guns, including the GPMG MG-3, the FN MAG, and the 12.7mm (.50 cal.) M2 Browning machine gun. They also employ the AT-4 and Carl Gustav anti-tank grenade launchers, HK GMG high-velocity grenade launchers, and low-velocity AG-36 under-the-barrel grenade launchers, in addition to light and heavy mortars and M101 howitzers. The army also uses high-technology Lithuanian-made tactical automated commanding and controlling informational systems (TAVVIS).

Military vehicles

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Vilkas  Germany
Armoured fighting vehicle
On December 11, 2015 Lithuania decided to buy 88 Boxer armored vehicles armed with Israeli made RAFAEL Samson Mk II enhanced survivability multiple weapon station with 30mm gun and Spike-LR anti-tank missiles.[3][4]The order, worth €390 million, was placed on 22 August 2016 and will run from 2017 to 2021.[5]
Armoured personnel carriers
M113  United States
Armoured personnel carrier
(as of 2008)[6]
154 – M113A1 and 200 – M113A2 items transferred from Germany between 2000 and 2006, some of them – non-operational (used as source for spare parts only); 8 fitted for Logistic battalion (equipped with cranes), other modification – infantry, medical and command.[7][8]

There were 361 M113s in service as of 2006.[6]

M577 V2  Netherlands
Armoured personnel carrier
M577 V2
Ordered 168. To be delivered between 2017 and 2018.
Armoured cars
HMMWV  United States Armoured car
Some equipped with HK GMG,
Land Rover Defender  United Kingdom Armoured car
Some equipped with HK GMG,, RBS 70.
Mercedes Benz G  Germany Armoured car
Approximately 200 former dutch operated vehicles were delivered in 2016.
Toyota Land Cruiser  Japan Armoured car
J200 (modified)
Bought for international missions, has protection from small arms and IED's.[9]
Support vehicles
BPZ 2  Germany High mobility support vehicle
Ordered 6. To be delivered between 2015 and 2019.
Sisu E13TP  Finland 8×8 High mobility tactical vehicle
Bv 206  Sweden Amphibious tracked vehicle
Bv 206A
Bv 206F
Chevrolet CUCV I  United States Pickup truck
Troop and cargo transport
Mercedes-Benz Unimog 437  Germany Truck
Star 266  Poland Truck
Star 266
Some number were donated by Poland
GAZ  Soviet Union Truck
GAZ 66
Volvo  Sweden SUV4x4
Volvo  Sweden SUV6x6
Volvo  Sweden SUV6x6


Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Self-propelled artillery
M1064  United States Mortar carrier
(as of 2008)[6]
Mortar carriers with Tampella 120 mm mortars
Were transferred from Germany in 2005 and 2006.[10] All upgraded by Israeli company "Elbit Systems Land&C4I Ltd." in 2015. Upgrades: new computerised battlefield management system, upgraded 120mm mortars [11]
PzH 2000  Germany Howitzer
155 mm caliber
17 are on order. To be delivered between 2016 and 2019. 3 non-operational (used as source for spare parts only).[13]
Light artillery
M101  United States Howitzer
105 mm caliber
(as of 2008)[6]
72 items were transferred from Denmark in 2002 (18 of them – for spares only).[14]
Heavy mortars
2B11  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
(as of 2008)[6]
20 items were transferred from Bulgaria in 1999.
M1982  Romania Mortar
120 mm caliber
(as of 2008)[6]
M38/43  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
(as of 2008)[6]
M/41D  Finland Mortar
120 mm caliber
(as of 2008)[6]
Light mortars
M19  United States Mortar
60 mm caliber
M60  Bulgaria Mortar
60 mm caliber
LM-60  Poland Mortar
60 mm caliber
Grenade launchers
Heckler & Koch GMG  Germany Automatic grenade launcher
40x53 mm caliber
Heckler & Koch AG36  Germany Grenade launcher
40x46 mm caliber
wz. 1974 Pallad  Poland Grenade launcher
40x47 mm caliber
Use by SOJ Aitvaras[15][16]
Anti-tank warfare
Pvpj 1110  Sweden Recoilless rifle
90 mm caliber
FGM-148 Javelin[17]  United States Anti-tank missile
127 mm caliber
additional unspecified amount missile launchers and missiles ordered from USA in 2016. Deal worth 7 mln's EUR. To be delivered 2016-2017.
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle  Sweden Recoilless rifle
84 mm caliber
M2 and M3 variants.
AT4[18]  Sweden One-shot anti-tank weapon
84 mm caliber

Air-defence weapons

Air-defence artillery
Bofors 40mm gun  Sweden Bofors 40mm L/70 18 In wartime reserves.
Air-defence missiles
NASAMS 2  Norway NASAMS 2 4 4 battery units ordered from Norway, oerdered missiles AIM-120 AMRAAM number unknown. [19]
RBS-70  Sweden RBS 70 NG 21 Including 5 training simulators, 5 Giraffe Mk-IV radars and about 210 Mk1 missiles.[20] Modernised to NG version.
FIM-92 Stinger  United States FIM-92 Stinger 8 Acquired in 2007 "Dual Mount Stinger" modification with 54 missiles, 9 trainers, 6 test missiles, 2 MPQ-64 Sentinel radars, tactical control centres and Humvee trucks for transportation.[21][22]
PZR Grom  Poland Grom Unspecified amount being bought [23]

Infantry weapons

Browning Hi-Power  Belgium [24]
Glock pistol  Austria Glock 17 [25]
Heckler & Koch USP  Germany USP [26]
M1911  United States M1911A1 [27]
MAG pistol  Poland MAG-95 Phased out of service.[15]
Shotguns and submachine guns
Benelli M4  Italy Benelli M4 (Special Forces)
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Heckler & Koch MP5SD3
Heckler & Koch UMP  Germany Heckler & Koch UMP45 (Special Forces)
PM-84 Glauberyt  Poland PM-84P Reconnaissance units.[28]
Assault rifles and Machine guns
Heckler & Koch G36  Germany Heckler & Koch G36K standard service assault rifle[29]
Heckler & Koch G3  Germany
Ak 4 Phasing out of service.[30]
kbs wz. 1996 Beryl  Poland kbs wz. 1996A Beryl Some also equipped with Pallad grenade launcher and CWL-1 optic sight. Phased out of service.[15][28][31]
kbk wz. 1996 Mini-Beryl  Poland kbk wz. 1996A Mini-Beryl Some also equipped with CWL-1 optic sight. Phased out of service.[15][28][31]
M14 rifle  United States M14 [32]
M16 rifle  United States M16A1 .[33]
Rheinmetall MG 3  Germany [34]
FN MAG  Belgium [35]
M2 Browning  United States Typically mounted on unarmoured or lightly armoured vehicles.[36]
Sniper rifles
BARRETT M82A1  United States
FR F2 sniper rifle  France [37]
GOL Sniper Magnum  Germany [38]
Heckler & Koch PSG1  Germany MSG90A1 [39]
Sako TRG  Finland Sako TRG-22 [40]


Lithuanian Land Forces are formed from professional military servicemen and volunteers. In 2008 the minister of national defence of Lithuania signed a law that ceased conscription in an effort to develop Lithuania's professional army. National defence is based on reserve forces and mobilisation forces. The new minister plans to increase national defence capabilities by making all males from 18 to 24 take 7 week military basic training. After that the person will be added to the military reserves.

The military conscription has been renewed in 2015 with a first draft of approx. 3000 draftees including volunteers, who will be assigned to military units starting from August 2015 and will complete a 9-month basic training. The updated law specifies that a draft of 3000 soldiers annually will continue at least until 2020, citing as the reason for renewed conscription the increased geopolitical risks in the region.[41]

International missions

Lithuania has participated in international missions in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Bosnia. The main force is currently (2013) in Afghanistan. Right now there are more than 200 soldiers serving on foreign soil

 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Air defence mission


  2. Lietuva už 460 mln. eurų pirks vokiškas pėstininkų kovos mašinas "Boxer"
  3. "Lithuania to proceed with Germany's Boxer in armoured vehicle purchase". Reuters. December 11, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  4. "Procurement contract on acquisition of Boxer infantry fighting vehicles will be signed on August 22". Ministry of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania. August 16, 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  5. "Lithuania joins Boxer programme". OCCAR. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UN Register of Conventional Arms
  7. (Lithuanian) Vokietija perduos Lietuvai šarvuočių
  8. (Lithuanian) Lietuvos kariuomenei bus perduoti vokiški šarvuočiai
  9. Kariuomenė įsigijo šarvuotų visureigių už 15 mln. litų (Lithuanian)
  10. M1064 – Contracts, Orders & Sales.
  11. .
  12. de Larrinaga, Nicholas (28 June 2016). "Lithuania receives first PzH 2000 howitzers". IHS Jane's 360. IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  13. de Larrinaga, Nicholas (29 September 2015). "Lithuania orders German PzH 2000s". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  14. M101 – Contracts, Orders & Sales
  15. 1 2 3 4 5
  16. Raketų paleidimo sistema "JAVELIN"
  17. Prieštankinis granatsvaidis AT-4
  18. Lithuanian airspace to be safeguarded by air defence armaments donated by Norway
  19. Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania information publication(in Lithuanian)
  20. Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania information publication(in Lithuanian)
  22. Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas BROWNING
  23. Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas GLOCK 17
  24. Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas USP
  25. Lietuvos kariuomenė :: Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas COLT M1911A1
  26. 1 2 3
  27. Automatinis šautuvas G-36
  28. Automatinis šautuvas AK-4
  29. 1 2
  30. Automatinis šautuvas M-14
  31. Automatinis šautuvas M-16
  32. Kulkosvaidis MG-3
  33. Kulkosvaidis FN MAG
  34. Sunkusis 12.7 mm (50) kulkosvaidis M-2 browning
  35. Snaiperinis šautuvas FR F-2
  36. Snaiperinis šautuvas "GOL SNIPER"
  37. Snaiperinis šautuvas H&K MSG-90A1
  38. Snaiperinis šautuvas "SAKO TRG 22"

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