Liste der archaischen Keilschriftzeichen

LAK-617 (U+12501), a sign in the shape of five boxes arranged as a cross; it is used as a compositional element, the central box being used as a container for an additional sign in LAK-618 to LAK-627. LAK-617 on its own also had an (unknown) phonetic value, used in the spelling of a theonym read as dNin-[LAK-617]-la.[1]

Liste der archaischen Keilschriftzeichen (LAK, "list of archaic cuneiform signs") is a dictionary of Sumerian cuneiform signs of the Fara period (Early Dynastic IIIa, c. 25th century BC short chronology),[2] published in 1922 by German sumerologist and theologian P. Anton Deimel (1865–1954). The list enumerates 870 distinct cuneiform signs.

The sign inventory in the archaic period was considerably larger than the standard inventory of the later Akkadian (2350 to 2100) or Neo-Sumerian (Ur III) (21st century; all dates short chronology) periods. This means that numerous signs identified by their classical reading continue several distinct signs of the pre-classical period. If it is necessary to identify the pre-classical sign intended, its LAK number is customarily given, in the form of LAK-1 to LAK-870.

Deimel also published a Sumerian dictionary (Šumerisches Lexikon) in 1928.


  1. possibly Nin-bad-la, see Yvonne Rosengarten, Le concept sumérien de consommation dans la vie économique et religieuse: étude linguistique et sociale d'après les textes présargoniques de Lagaš E. Boccard (1960), p. 176.
  2. The dates given here are intended for consistency with other Wikipedia articles, they are not given by Deimel himself, who dates the Fara period in relative terms as preceding Urukagina (p. 4).

See also

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