List of universities in Germany

The University of Freiburg features a modern library finished in December, 2015.
Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is Germany's most ancient university and widely considered to be among the most prestigious.

This is a list of the universities in Germany, of which there are about seventy. The list also includes German Technische Universitäten (universities of technology), which have official and full university status, but usually focus on engineering and the natural sciences rather than covering the whole spectrum of academic disciplines. Some seventeen German universities rank among top 250 universities in world[1] Highest ranked universities in Germany include some research oriented universities for MS, MBA and Medical and Engineering.[2]

The list does not, however, cover the German Fachhochschulen (University of Applied Sciences) or institutions that cover only certain disciplines such as business studies, fine arts, or engineering. Those do not have all of the responsibilities and limitations of universities, and they cannot award doctorate degrees on their own.

In general, public German universities don't charge tuition fees. This usually also applies to foreign students.[3]

Universities by years of existence

The University of Greifswald is the smallest among the oldest universities of Germany.

This is a list of the ten oldest universities that have been in continuous operation since their founding in present-day Germany.

Some universities were established in the 14th or 15th centuries, but shut down for longer periods and later re-opened (e.g. the universities of Cologne, Erfurt, Ingolstadt, Mainz and Würzburg). These are not included in this list.

University Year of establishment Students Location
Heidelberg University 1386 31,500 Heidelberg
Leipzig University 1409 29,500 Leipzig
University of Rostock 1419 14,000 Rostock
University of Greifswald 1456 12,000 Greifswald
University of Freiburg 1457 24,700 Freiburg
University of Munich 1472 44,000 Munich[4]
University of Tübingen 1477 28,700 Tübingen
University of Halle-Wittenberg 1502 18,500 Halle[5]
University of Marburg 1527 24,000 Marburg
University of Jena 1558 22,000 Jena

Universities alphabetically





Universities by geographic region





Universities of Technology by location

Further information: Technische Universität

International rankings

According to the QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) World University Rankings, Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and Times Higher Education World University Rankings (THE):

NR = no ranking or ranking outside top 400.

Institution 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (Times) 2013 (QS) 2015 (THE) 2015 (QS) 2015 (ARWU)[6]
Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin)NR172149146137946615112810972119-
Goethe University Frankfurt (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main)NR187187NR169NR195182199NR-243101-150
Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)1251121051261391461231329912649126-
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)NRNRNRNRNRNR18719615111613893201-300
RWTH Aachen (Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen)--------154147110145110-150
Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin)---------183-178301-400
Technical University of Munich (Technische Universität München)9510582677855585410553536051
University of Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)99559865939866624867297552
University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)8511415616816618643697012899168110-150
University of Heidelberg (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)47455860575751537850376646
University of Freiburg (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg)NRNRNR1441471229710514410283133101-150
University of Bonn (Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn)NRNRNRNRNRNR200154 1711639421097
University of Tuebingen (Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen)---------13478173151-200
University of Hamburg (Universität Hamburg)---------186-219151-200

See also


  1. Universities in Germany
  2. Top Universities for MS, MBA, Medical and Engineering
  3. Strasser, Franz. "How US students get a university degree for free in Germany". BBC. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. Originally in Ingolstadt; relocated to Munich in 1826
  5. Founded in Wittenberg 1502, closed in 1813; in 1817 merged with the University of Halle, founded in 1694.
  6. Top Universities in Germany 2015
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