List of universities in China

This article is a list of universities in mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau (of P.R.C.).

By the end of 2004, there were 2,236 colleges and universities, with over 20 million students enrolled in mainland China.[1] More than 6 million Chinese students graduated from university in 2008.[2] The "Project 211" for creating 100 universities began in the mid-1990s, and has merged more than 700 institutions of higher learning into about 300 universities. Corresponding with the merging of many public universities, has been the rapid expansion of the private sector in mainland China since 1999. As of 2006, private universities accounted for around 6 percent of student enrolments, or about 1.3 million of the 20 million students enrolled in formal higher education.[3]

List of universities by provincial-level divisions

People's Republic of China

The following notation is used:



Autonomous regions

Special administrative regions

Leading and time-honored universities in China

Peking University is the first formally established modern national university of China. It was founded as Imperial University of Peking (京師大學堂) in 1898 in Beijing as a replacement of the ancient Guozijian, the national central institute of learning in China's traditional educational system in the past thousands of years. Three years earlier, Sheng Xuanhuai submitted a memorial to Guangxu Emperor to request for approval to set up a modern higher education institution in Tianjin. After approval on 2 October 1895, Peiyang Western Study School (天津北洋西學學堂) was founded by him and American educator Charles Daniel Tenney (丁家立) and later developed to Peiyang University (北洋大學堂). In 1896, Sheng Xuanhuai delivered his new memorials to Guangxu Emperor to make suggestion that two official modern higher education institutions should be established in Beijing/Tangshan and Shanghai. In the same year, he founded Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) in Shanghai by an imperial edict issued by Guangxu Emperor. The institution initially included elementary school, secondary school, college, and a normal school. Later the institution changed its name to Jiao Tong University (also known as Chiao Tung University). In the 1930s, the university often referred itself as "MIT in the East"[4][5][6] due to its reputation of nurturing top engineers and scientists. In the 1950s, part of this university was moved to Xi'an, Shaanxi, and was established as Xi'an Jiaotong University; the part of the university remaining in Shanghai was renamed Shanghai Jiao Tong University. These two universities have developed independently since then, along with the original Beijing Jiaotong University.

Meanwhile, Wuhan University also claimed that its predecessor Ziqiang Institute (自強學堂) was the first modern higher education institution in China. On 29 November 1893, Zhang Zhidong submitted his memorial to Guangxu Emperor to request for approval to set up an institution designed for training students specializing in foreign languages, mathematics, science and business. After Ziqiang was founded in Wuchang, not only courses in foreign languages was taught, courses in science (chemical and mining courses starting from 1896) and business (business course starting from the very beginning) were also developed at the school.[7] Later, although the school officially changed its name to Foreign Languages Institute (方言學堂) in 1902, the school still offered courses in science and business.[7] In China, there had been some earlier schools specializing in foreign languages learning, such as Schools of Combined Learning in Beijing (京師同文館, founded in 1862[remark 1]), in Shanghai (上海同文館/上海廣方言館, founded in 1863), and in Guangzhou (廣州同文館), founded in 1864, but few provided courses in other fields, which hardly qualified as modern education institutions. Some argued that Wuhan University can only traced its history back to 1913, when the National Wuchang Higher Normal College (國立武昌高等師範學校) was established, but Wuhan University officially recognized its establishment as in 1893, relying on the abundance of historical documentation and the experts' endorsement.[8]

Besides, Tianjin University celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1995, which would predate the establishment of Peking University. Jiao Tong University (in all Beijing Jiaotong University, Shanghai and Xi'an) followed in 1996. Other leading universities, such as Zhejiang University (1897), Peking University (1898), Nanjing University (1902), Fudan University (1905), Tongji University (1907) and Tsinghua University (1911) also recently celebrated their hundredth anniversaries, one after another.

After Chinese Civil War, part of the famous universities in mainland China were transferred to Taiwan, such as National Central University and National Tsing Hua University. As a result, some universities on both sides of the Taiwan Strait share the same names.


  1. In 1902, School of Combined Learning in Beijing was merged with Imperial Capital University, now Peking University. However, Peking University never claims 1862 as its year founded. Neither does Peking University claim the year of establishing the Guozijian, which can date back more than one thousand years. Hunan University, with a similar history with Peking, often traced its history back to a school established in 976 A.D, thus giving this university a thousand years of history. See .

People's Republic of China

C9 League

The C9 League is an alliance of nine most prestigious universities in mainland China, including Tsinghua University, Peking University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Zhejiang University, University of Science and Technology of China, Nanjing University, Harbin Institute of Technology and Xi'an Jiaotong University. These nine universities made up the C9 League in 2009,[9] which is referred to as the Chinese equivalent of the US Ivy League.[10] According to QS World University Rankings 2015/16,[11] the first seven are considered as among the top 200 universities in the world, with the ranks 25, 41, 51, 70, 110, 113, and 130. For more details about this university alliance, see C9 League.

36 leading universities in mainland China (by geographical regions)

This is a table of Project 985 institutions.

Province/Municipality University
Beijing (7) Peking University
Tsinghua University
Renmin University of China
Beijing Normal University
Beihang University
Beijing Institute of Technology
China Agricultural University
Tianjin (2) Nankai University
Tianjin University
Heilongjiang Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin
Jilin Jilin University, Changchun
Liaoning Dalian University of Technology, Dalian
EAST (11)
Anhui University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei
Fujian Xiamen University, Xiamen
Jiangsu (2) Nanjing University, Nanjing
Southeast University, Nanjing
Shandong (2) Shandong University, Jinan
Ocean University of China, Qingdao
Shanghai (4) Fudan University
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Tongji University
East China Normal University
Zhejiang (1) Zhejiang University, Hangzhou
Guangdong (2) Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou
South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
Hubei (2) Wuhan University, Wuhan
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan
Hunan (2) National University of Defense Technology, Changsha
Central South University, Changsha
Shaanxi (2) Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an
Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an
Gansu Lanzhou University, Lanzhou
Chongqing Chongqing University
Sichuan (2) Sichuan University, Chengdu
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu

Sino-foreign cooperative universities

China has a number of Sino-foreign cooperative universities, which are legally independent entities formed as joint ventures between Chinese universities and international partners. They include:

Leading universities in Hong Kong and Macau

Hong Kong (6) The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, The University of Hong Kong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, City University of Hong Kong, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Baptist University
Macau (1) University of Macau


Some established rankings in Wikipedia:

Other rankings in external links:

See also


Further reading

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/26/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.