List of titles and honours of the Spanish Crown

The current Spanish constitution refers to the monarchy as "the Crown of Spain" and the constitutional title of the monarch is simply rey/reina de España: that is, "king/queen of Spain". However, the constitution allows for the use of other historic titles pertaining to the Spanish monarchy, without specifying them. A decree promulgated 6 November 1987 at the Council of Ministers regulates the titles further, and on that basis the monarch of Spain has a right to use ("may use") those other titles appertaining to the Crown. Contrary to some belief, the long titulary that contains the list of over 20 kingdoms is not in state use, nor is it used in Spanish diplomacy. In fact, it has never been in use in that form, as "Spain" was never a part of the list in pre-1837 era when the long list was officially used.[1]

Spain, mentioned differently in the titulary depending on which monarch was reigning, was for more than three centuries also symbolized by the long list that started "...of Castile, Leon, Aragon,..." - The following long titulary in the feudal style was the last used officially in 1836 by Isabella II of Spain (see the account of titulary in her article) before she became constitutional queen.

The first king to officially use a derivation of the name "Spain" as the realm in the titulary was Charles I of Spain, who used "Rex Hispaniarum et Indiarum"(i.e., King of the Spains and Indies). This title was often used after his title of "Holy Roman Emperor," as "Emperor" was considered a superior title to "King." During his brief and controversial occupancy of the throne Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, brother of Emperor Napoleon, also used a similar title, King of the Spains and the Indies.

During the first restoration of the historic dynasty, it returned to the traditional format (...of Castile, Leon, Aragon,...) until 1837, when the short version "queen of the Spains" was taken into use by Isabella II. The singular Spain was first used by Amadeo — he was "by divine grace and will of nation, king of Spain." During the second restoration, King Alfonso XII started to use "constitutional king of Spain, by divine and constitutional grace".

With the third restoration of the royal house of Spain, still current as of June 2014, the monarch uses the simple title "king of Spain", without any divine, national or constitutional reference.

Juan Carlos, king until June 2014, did not use the title of Catholic Majesty and the other titles and honours, but did not relinquish them.[2]

Titles held by the King of Spain

Spanish monarchical Titles or Style are listed in order of degrees of sovereignty, nobility, and honor:[3]





Collar of a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.


Other titles maintained, but usually abbreviated with "etc."*

Because of the large amount of titles associated with the Spanish Crown, only the most important were written, finishing the list with "etc." or "&c.", referring to minor or obsolete titles. These titles are:

Military rank

Hereditary Orders of Spain

The insignia of the Order of Charles III.

Titles of the heir apparent or heir presumptive

Titles and styles are listed in order of degrees of rank, nobility, and honor:[6]


Duchies, counties and lordships

Orders of the heir apparent

The following orders are traditionally granted to the heir apparent:

Royal titles



Byzantine Empire

However, in practice this title and claim was never much pushed or enacted to reclaim Constantinople or any Roman territories. Nevertheless, many cities and institutions in Spain to this day use the double headed Roman eagle. The city of Toledo, Spain and the province of Zamora, Spain are just few of many examples: see Coat of arms of Toledo (Spain).

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Titles in Pretence: historical title which is only nominal and ceremonial.
  2. Since 2010 the Government of Gibraltar has referred to Elizabeth II as Queen of Gibraltar.[4] Initially just on coinage the title now appears on many government documents referencing the Queen.[5]


  1. (Spanish) Article 57 of the Spanish Constitution
  2. Almanach de Gotha 1999, Page 336, Decree of 1987
  3. (Spanish) Spanish Monarchy - theories, symbols and ceremonies, 20 June 2014, Once I Was A Clever Boy
  4. "No. 103/2010" (PDF) (Press release). Gibraltar: Government of Gibraltar. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  5. "United Kingdom Partnership Agreement" (PDF). HM Government. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2016-04-18. The Governor of Gibraltar is the representative of the Queen of Gibraltar, Queen Elizabeth II.
  6. Casa de Su Majestad el Rey de España - La Monarquía en la Historia - The Monarchy through History
  7. Norwich, John Julius, Byzantium — The Decline and Fall, p. 446.
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