List of political parties in Poland

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This article lists current political parties in Poland, as well as former parties dating back as far as 1918. Since 1989, Poland has had a multi-party system, with numerous competing political parties. Individual parties normally do not manage to gain power alone, and usually work with other parties to form coalition governments.

Parliamentary parties

Figures in parentheses reflect initial number of seats won by party (if different from current number), prior to splits, defections, etc.

Party   Members in Political Position
Name Abbr. Web Leader Sejm Senate EP Ideology
Law and Justice
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość
PiS Jarosław Kaczyński 216
(217)[lower-alpha 1]
(52)[lower-alpha 2]
Centre-right to Right-wingNational conservatism,[1] Social conservatism,[1]Economic nationalism,[1] Soft Euroscepticism
Civic Platform
Platforma Obywatelska
PO Grzegorz Schetyna 133
33 19 Centre (both social and economic),[1] strong Pro-Europeanism
Modern (political party)
.N Ryszard Petru 30
0 0 CentreLiberalism, Very strong Pro-Europeanism
Polish People's Party
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe
PSL Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz 16 0
4 Centre-rightAgrarianism,[1] Christian democracy,[1] Economic nationalism, Social conservatism
Union of European Democrats
Unia Europejskich Demokratów
UED Elżbieta Bińczycka 4
0 0 CentreSocial Liberalism, Very strong Pro-Europeanism,
Democratic Left Alliance
Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej
SLD Włodzimierz Czarzasty 0 0 3
Centre-leftSocial democracy[1]
Solidary Poland
Solidarna Polska
SP Zbigniew Ziobro 9 2 0 Right-wingNational conservatism, Strong Euroscepticism, Social conservatism, Economic nationalism
Poland Together
Polska Razem
PR Jaroslaw Gowin 9
0 Centre-rightConservatism, Economic liberalism
KORWiN Janusz Korwin-Mikke 0 0 2
Right-wingLibertarianism, Libertarian conservatism, Euroscepticism, Economic liberalism
Congress of the New Right
Kongres Nowej Prawicy
KNP Michał Marusik 1 0 2
Right-wingLibertarianism, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism, Economic liberalism
Right Wing of the Republic
Prawica Rzeczypospolitej
PR Marek Jurek 1



Right-wingSocial conservatism, National conservatism, Euroscepticism, Economic liberalism
National Movement
Ruch Narodowy
RN Robert Winnicki 1
0 0 Far-rightPolish nationalism, National Catholicism, National conservatism, Anti-establishment
Real Politics Union
Unia Polityki Realnej
UPR Bartosz Józwiak 1 0 0 Right-wingLibertarian conservatism, Classical liberalism, Libertarianism, Euroscepticism
Labour United
Unia Pracy
UP Waldemar Witkowski 0



Centre-leftSocial democracy[1]
National-Catholic Movement
Ruch Katolicko-Narodowy
RKN Małgorzata Romanowicz 0 1 0 Far-rightNational Catholicism, Ultra-nationalism

List of parties

Major parties

Middling parties

Minor parties

Formerly important parties or coalitions, since 1989

Other parties


The transition from a mono-party Communist regime to liberal democracy and pluralism resulted in new political parties mushrooming in the early 1990s. After the first free parliamentary elections in 1991 seats in the Sejm were divided among more than a dozen different parties (amongst them such curiosities as the Polish Beer-Lovers' Party (Polska Partia Przyjaciół Piwa), led by a popular comedy actor, Janusz Rewiński). The existence of so many parties in the Sejm was seen by many as being counterproductive to the effectiveness of the parliament and a hindrance towards producing stable governments. Consequently, electoral reform was undertaken and an electoral threshold for the Lower House was instituted prior to the 1993 elections. The set threshold required a minimum vote of 5% for parties (with exemptions for ethnic minority parties) and 8% for electoral coalitions. The threshold was set at the national, rather than divisional, level, and had the effect of preventing a large number of minor parties from winning seats in later elections. The threshold also prevented independent candidates from gaining election to the Sejm. Since 1990, the left side of the political scene has generally been dominated by former Communists turned social democrats. The right has largely comprised (former) Solidarity activists and supporters, but experienced deep divisions from the beginning, and showed less cohesiveness than the left. The right were unable to create a single bloc which could act as a lasting counterweight to the left-wing monolith, but instead, kept merging, splitting and renaming. Even so, the parties of the right did manage to win government again from 1997-2001 (having initially governed from 1989–93).

Since the parliamentary elections of 2005, the right-wing parties have dominated the political scene, and appear to be in their strongest position to date. Two important developments in the political landscape have taken place since 2005. Firstly, the SLD (Communist successor) party is no longer the major, or one of the two major parties. Secondly, the main political battleground is no longer between the ex-Solidarity right versus the ex-Communist left. The new competing groupings are those of the Law and Justice party (promoting nationalistic and conservative social policies) and the Civic Platform (representing a more conservative-liberal position). The general public disapproval of politics and politicians as a whole has resulted in almost all major parties excluding the very word "party" from their names, replacing it with words less associated with politics, such as "union", "platform", "league" or "alliance".

All political parties and organizations since 1989

This is a list of political organizations registered in Poland as political parties, societies, foundations, trade unions, electoral committees, electoral alliances and informal groups:

Underground political organizations in Poland, 1945–89

Official political parties and organizations in the People's Republic of Poland, 1948–89


Official parties in Poland, 1945–48

Political parties in the Second Polish Republic, 1918–39

Political parties before 1918

See also


  1. Lower chamber club of PiS consists of 234 MPs - together with United Poland and Poland Together representatives
  2. Senate club of PiS consists of 64 senators - together with unaffiliated, United Poland, Poland Together and National-Catholic Movement representatives

Further reading

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