List of political families

This is a partial listing of prominent political families. Royal families are not included, unless certain later descendants have played political roles in a republican structure (e.g. Arslan Family of Lebanon and Cakobau Family of Fiji).

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.


The Hoxha Family

The Myftiu Family – Peristeri Family

The Nano Family (father-son)

The Pashko Family (spouses)

The Shehu Family


The dos Santos – Van-Dúnem-Vieira Dias Family

Antigua and Barbuda

The Bird Family

The Frank Family (uncle-nephew)


The Kirchner Family (Husband, son, sister and widow)

The Perón Family (Husband and wives)

The Roca Family (Father and son)

The Rodríguez Saá Brothers

The Sáenz Peña Family (Father and son)


The Demirchyan family (father-son)

The Sargsyan Brothers

The Margaryan family (father-son)



The Habsburg Family of Austria ( (grandfather – father – children)


The Aliyev family (father-son)

The Bahamas

The Butler Family

The Pindling Family

The Symonette Family

The Turnquest Family (father-son)

The Foulkes Family (father-son)


The Chowdhury Dynasty

Forefathers from Gour

The Dhaka Nawab Family
Sheikh-Wazed Family
The Zaman Family of Gopalganj
The Siddikys of Baliadi*
The Zia Family
The Mansur Ali Family
The Ahmad Family
The Chowdhury Family
The Huq Family
The Abdullah Al Mahmood Family of Sirajgonj


The Adams Family (father-son)

The Barrow Family (brother-sister)


Anciaux family (father and sons)

de Brouckère brothers

De Croo family (father-son)

De Gucht family (father-son)

Dehousse family (father-son)

Eyskens family (father-son)

Janson-Spaak family

Simonet family (father-son)

Vanderpoorten family

Van Rompuy family


The Soglo Family

The Zinsou Family


Dorji family


The Ballivián family (father-son)

The Siles family

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Izetbegović Family (husband-wife-son)


The Khama Family (husband-wife-son)


The Assed-Matheus Family (spouses and daughter)

The Brás-Moreira Family (cousins)

The Collor-Mello Family

The Fonseca Family

The Genro Family

The Goulart-Brizola Family (brothers-in-law)

The Kubitschek Family

The Magalhães Family

The Matarazzo-Suplicy Family

The Neves-Cunha Family

The Sarney Family (father-daughter)

The Vargas-Peixoto Family


The Bogoridi Family

The Bokov Family

The Mihaylovski Family

The Shishmanov Family

The Slaveykov Family

The Staliyski Family

The Stanishev Family (father-son)

The Zhivkov Family

Burkina Faso

The Compaoré Family

The Yaméogo Family (father-son)

The Zerbo-Yonli Family


The Aung San Family (parents-daughter)

The Win Family (father-daughter)


The Bagaza-Buyoya Family


Central African Republic

The Boganda Family – Dacko Family -Domitien Family and Bokassa Family (distant relatives)

The Kolingba Family


The Alessandri Family

The Allende Family

The Aylwin Family

The Errázuriz Family

The Frei Family

The Girardi Family

The Lagos Family

The Letelier Family

The Montt Family

The Pinto Family

Republic of China

The Chiang Family (father-sons-grandson-great-grandson)

The Chen Family (Chen Cheng)

The Chen Family (Chen Lifu)

The Chen Family (Chen Shui-bian)

The Hau Family

The Hsu Family (mother-daughters)

The Lien Family

The Soong Family (father-son-3 daughters)

The Su Family

The Wu Family

The Yu Family (Kaohsiung County Black Faction)

People's Republic of China

See also Crown Prince Party for a more complete list

The Mao Family

The Liu Family

The Zhou Family

The Deng Family

The Bo Family

The Zeng Family

The Xi Family

The Hu Family


The Araújo Family

The Barco Family (father-daughter)

The Lleras-Restrepo Family

The López Family

The Pastrana Family (father-son)

The Santos Family


The Ahmed Family (grandfather-grandson)

The Said Family

The Soilih Family (half-brothers)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kabila family (father-children)

Kanza family (father-children)

Mobutu family (father-son)

Tshombe-Nguza family (uncle-nephew)

Cook Islands

The Henry Family

Costa Rica

The Arias-Sánchez Brothers

The Calderón Family

The Figueres Family (father-son)

The Jiménez Family (father-son)

The Monge Family (uncle-nephew)


The Tuđman Family


The Castro Family


Clerides family (father-daughter)

Kyprianou family (father-son)

Papadopoulos family (father-son)

Vasiliou family (husband-wife)


The Masaryk Family


The Auken Family

The Ellemann-Jensen Family

The Helveg Petersen Family

The Hækkerup Family


The Aptidon-Guelleh Family


The Boyd Family

The Douglas Family

Dominican Republic

The Báez Family

The Bosch Family

The Cabral family

The Fernández Family

The Guillermo Family

The Jimenes Family

The Trujillo Family


The Arosemena Family

The Bucaram Family

The Plaza Family (father-son)


The Ghali Family

The Mubarak Family (father-son)

The Abaza Family

El Salvador

The Meléndez-Quiñónez Family

Equatorial Guinea

The Nguema Family (close relatives)


The Grünthal Family

The Helme Family

The Jürgenson Family

The Lauristin-Allik Family

The Mathiesen Family

The Lenk Family

The Lotman Family

The Must Family

The Oviir Family

The Päts Family

The Ratas Family

The Reiljan Family

The Sarapuu Family

The Savisaar Family

The Tarand Family

The Tõnisson Family

The Tsahkna Family

The Uluots Family

The Veidemann Family



The Kuusinen Family

The Paasio Family (father-son-granddaughter)

The Tuomioja -Wuolijoki Family

The Vennamo Family (father-son)

The Aura Family (father-son-grandson)

The Häkämies Family (father-son-son)


The Bardoux-Giscard d'Estaing Family

The Debré Family

The De Gaulle Family

The Le Pen Family

The Mitterrand Family (uncle-nephew)

The Casimir-Perier Family

The Sarkozy Family

The Villepin Family (father-son)


The M'ba-Eyeghe Ndong Family

The Sassou-Nguesso Family and Bongo Family


The Adenauer Family

The Albrecht Family (father – daughter)

The Bismarck Family

The Bülow Family

The Bülows are an old Mecklenburg aristocratic dynasty with many members active in politics, in church or in the military.

The de Maizière Family

The Ebert Family (father-son)

The Goppel Family

The Guttenberg Family

The Gysi Family (father and son)

The Koch Family

The Lambsdorff Family

The Niklas / Ertl Family

The Schäuble Family

The Speer Family (father – daughter)

The Strauss Family (father – daughter)

The Vogel Brothers

The Weizsäcker Family (grandfather-father-son-nephew)


The Akufo-Addo Family (father-son)


The Karamanlis family (two brothers, then their nephew)

The Papandreou family (grandfather-father-son)

The Tsaldaris family

The Varvitsiotis family (grandfather-father-son)

The Theotokis-Rallis family (five Prime Ministers)

The Venizelos-Mitsotakis family


The Cerezo Family

The Rios Family


The Burnham Family

The Jagan Family


The Duvalier Family (father-son)


The Azcona Family (father-sons)

The Flores Family (father-daughter)

The Melgar Family (spouses)

The Reina Brothers


The Antall Family (grandfather – father – son)

The Göncz Family (father – daughter)


The Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Family (West Bengal)

The Nehru-Gandhi Family

The Bishnoi family

The Das Family of West Bengal

The Ashutosh Mukherjee Family of West Bengal

The Naidu Family of West Bengal

The Mukherjee Family of West Bengal

The Dasmunsi Family of West Bengal

The Shamanur Family Karnataka

The Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy Family

The Gowda Family Karnataka

The Gupta Family

The Nandamuri Family — Andhra Pradesh

The Charan Singh Family

P.V.Narasimha Rao's Family

Anugrah Narayan Sinha's Family

The Satpathy Family

The Mishra Family

The Mishra Kehunia Family

The Ramachandran Family

The Karunanidhi family – Tamil Nadu, India

The Kalvakuntla Family

The Abdullah Family

The Owaisi Family

The Bahuguna Family

The K. Karunakaran Family

The V.L. Patil Family Karnataka

The Ramadoss Family – Tamil Nadu

The Kumaramangalam Family (father-son and daughter)

The Maderna Family of Rajasthan

The Mirdha Family of Rajasthan

The Patnaik Family

The Pilot Family

The Reddiar Family

The Yadav Family

The Sayeed Family

The Scindia Family (former Maharajas) (mother-son and daughters-grandsons)

The Badal Family – Punjab

The Brar Family – Punjab, India

The Thackeray Family

The Pawar Family

The Chavan Family

The Hiray Family

The Yadav Family

The Chautala Family

Bansilal Family

The Jindal Family

The Naik Family

The Bhoi Family

The Reddy Brothers, Karnataka

The Masood family

The Mahajan Family

The Rajnath Singh Family, Uttar Pradesh


The Suharto Family

The Sukarno Family

The Wahid Family

The Yudhoyono Family


The Khamenei Family (children are married to each other)

The Mosaddegh Family (father-in-law, son-in-law)

The Mansur Family (father-son)

The Zahedi Family (father-son)


The Allawi-Chalabi Family

The Arif Family

The Barzani Family

The Hussein Family


The Ahern family

The Blaney Family

The Cosgrave family

The De Valera family

The Kitt-Brady family

The Lemass/Haughey family

The Lenihan family

The O'Malley family

The Andrews family


The Begin Family

The Burg Family

The Dayan Family

The Herzog Family

The Rabin Family

The Sharon Family

The Weizman Family


The Berlinguer Family

The Craxi Family

The Mussolini Family


The Manley Family


The Fukuda Family

The Hatoyama Family

The Okawa-Miyazawa Family

  • Okawa Heikichi (Minister of Justice: 1925; Minister of Railways: 1927-29)
    • Okawa, m. Miyazawa Hiroshi (Member of the House of Representatives: 1928-52)
      • Miyazawa Kiichi (Prime Minister: 1991-93; Deputy Prime Minister: 1987-88; Minister of Finance: 1986-88, 1998-2001; Minister of Foreign Affairs: 1974-76; Minister of Trade and Industry: 1970-73)
      • Hiroshi Miyazawa (Governor of Hiroshima: 1973-1981; Minister of Justice: 1995-96)

The Ōkubo-Yoshida-Suzuki-Asō Family

The Satō-Kishi-Abe Family

The Koizumi Family

The Konoe-Hosokawa Family

  • Konoe Atsumaro (President of the House of Peers: 1896–1903)

The Nakasone Family (father-son)

The Saigō-Ōyama Family

  • Saigō Takamitsu
    • Ōyama Tsunamasa (born Saigō), m. Ōyama Keiko
      • Ōyama Iwao (Genrō: 1912-1916; Superintendent-General of the National Police: 1879-80; Army Minister: 1885-91, 1892–96; Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal: 1915-16)
        • Ōyama Kashiwa (Member of the House of Peers: 1916-47)
    • Saigō Kichibe
      • Saigō Takamori (One of the Three Great Founders of Meiji Japan; Minister-Councillor: 1870-1873; acting Head of Government: 1871-1873)
        • Saigō Toratarō (Member of the House of Peers: 1902-1919)
          • Saigō Kichinosuke (Minister of Justice: 1968-70; Member of the House of Councillors: 1947-73; Member of the House of Peers: 1936-1947)
      • Saigō Jūdō (Tsugumichi) (Genrō: 1892-1902; Home Minister: 1890-91, 1898-1900; Navy Minister: 1885-90, 1893–98; Minister of Agriculture and Commerce: 1881-84; War Minister: 1878-80; Minister of Education: 1878)
        • Saigō Jūtoku (Member of the House of Peers: 1902-1946)

The Tanaka Family

The Obuchi Family


The Majali Family

The Badran Brothers

The Al-Fayez Family (father-son)

The Lawzi Family (father-son)

The Al-Rifai Family


The Jandosov Family (founder-son-nephew)

The Nazarbayev Family (father-daughter)


The Sejdiu Family

The Rugova Family

The Haradinaj Family


The Kenyatta Family

The Moi Family

The Odinga Family

The Nyagah Family

The Awori Family (Kenya and Uganda)


The Tong Family

Korea, North

The Kim Family (1948–present)

Other members of Kim Family

Other non-bloodline members of Kim Family

Korea, South

The Park Family (father-daughter)


The Akayev Family (father-daughter)

The Bakiyev Brothers


The Ulmanis Family


Arslan family

Chamoun family (father-sons-granddaughter)

Eddé family

Karam family

El Khazen family

Gemayel family (father-sons-grandsons)

Hariri family

Helou family

Jumblatt family (father-son)

Karame family (father-sons)

Lahoud family

Moawad family (husband-wife)

Frangieh family


The Barclay-Tubman Family

Skivring Smith Family (father-son)


The Crvenkovski Family (Father-son)


The Ratsiraka Family (Uncle-nephew)

The Sylla Family (Father-son)

The Tsiranana Family (Father-son)


The Chirwa Family

The Mutharika Family


The Abdul Family

The Abdul Razak–Hussein Onn Family

The Tan Family

The Mahathir Family

The Abdullah Family

The Anwar Ibrahim Family

The Sheikh Fadzir Family

The Lim Family

The Karpal Singh Family

The Nga-Ngeh Family


The Gayoom Family (husband-wife and their close relatives)


The Sidibé Brothers


The Mifsud Bonnici Family

The Mintoff Family

The Fenech Adami Family

The De Marco Family

The Mizzi Family (father-son)

Marshall Islands

The Kabua Family

The Note Family

The Alik Family


The Duval Family

The Jugnauth Family

The Ramgoolam Family

The Boolell Family

The Mohamed Family

The Uteem Family

The Virahsawmy Family

The Jeetah Family

The Seetaram Family

The Guttee Family


The Abascal Family

The Ávila Camacho Family

The Calderón Hinojosa Family

The Cárdenas Family

The Madero Family

The Obregón Family (father-son)


The Bramble Family


The Mandela Family (South Africa) and Machel Family

The Guebuza-Dai Family (Brothers-in-law)


The Nujoma Family (father-son)


The Adeang Family

The Detudamo Family

The Dowiyogo Family

The Keke-Stephen Family

The Kun Family


The Koirala Family


The Donner family

The Regout family


The Godett Family

The Asjes-Prins Family

New Zealand

The Allen Family (grandfather-grandson)

The Atmore – Baigent Family (brothers-in-law)

The Barclay Family (father-son-cousin)

The Bell Family (father-son-grandsons)

The Brandon Family (father-son)

The Brown – Garrick – Peacock – Webb family (brothers-in-law)

The Connelly Family (father-son)

The Courtney – Williams Family (great-grandfather and great-grandson)

The Douglas Family (father-sons)

The Field Family (brothers-cousin)

The Fisher Family (father-son)

The Fraser – Cullen Family (wife-husband)

The Gerard Family (father-son)

The Graham Family (great-grandfather-great-grandsons/brothers)

The Grigg Family (husband-wife-husband)

The Hamilton Brothers

The Hanan Family (uncle-nephew)

The Hay Family (father-son)

The Henare Family (great-grandfather/great-grandson)

The Hislop Family (father-son)

The Holland Family (father-son-grandson)

The Holyoake Family (father/son-in-law)

The Howard Family (father-daughter)

The Hutchison Family (father-son)

The Izard Family (father-son)

The Kirk Family (father-son)

The Lange – Bassett Family (Bassett was a cousin of Lange)

The Levin Family (father-son)

The Luxton Family (father-son)

The McCombs Family (husband-wife-son)

The MacIntyre Family (father-son)

The Mackenzie Family (father-son)

The Mackey Family (mother-daughter)

The Mason – Wilford Family (grandfather-grandson)

The Massey Family (father-two sons)

The McClay Family (father-son)

The McMillan Family (husband-wife)

The Montgomery Family (father-son)

The Moss Family (father-son)

The Myers – Baume Family (cousins)

The Nordmeyer Family (father-in-law & son-in-law)

The O'Flynn Family (father-son)

The Ormond – Wilson Family (grandfathers-grandsons)

The Paikea Family (father-son)

The Parata Family (father-son-descendent)

The Peters Family (brothers)

The Pharazyn Family (father-son)

The Ratana Family (brothers, wife)

The Reeves Brothers

The Reeves Family (father-son)

The Rhodes Family (brothers, father-son-cousin)

The Richardson – Pearce Family (Richardson was Pearce's great-granddaughter)

The Richmond – Atkinson Family (brothers, relation by marriage)

The Rolleston Family (father-sons)

The Seddon Family (father-son)

The Sidey Family (father-son)

The Smith Family (father-son)

The Smith Family (father-son)

The Stewart Family (father-son)

The Sutton Family (brothers)

The Taylor Family (father-son)

The Tirikatene Family (father-daughter-nephew/grandson)

The Tizard Family (husband-wife; parents-daughter)

The Uru Brothers

The Wetere – Mahuta Family (uncle-niece)

The Wakefield Family (father-son-nephew)

The Ward Family (father-son)

The Young Family (father-daughter)

The Young Family (father-son)


The Argüello Family

The Chamorro Family

The Sacasa Family

The Somoza Family


The Diori Family (cousins)

The Kountché Family (cousins)


"The Abubakar Olusola Saraki Family (father, son, daughter)


The Stoltenberg Family All members of the family are associated with the Norwegian Labour Party

The Gerhardsen Family All members of the family are associated with the Norwegian Labour Party

The Harlem Family All members of the family are associated with the Norwegian Labor Party

The Bondevik Family All members of the family is associated with the Norwegian Christian Democratic Party



The Remengesau Family (Father-son)

The Tmetuchl-Toriboing Family

The Whipps Family (Father-son)


The Arias Family

The Arosemena Family (brothers-in-law)

The Boyd Family (father-son)

The Chiari-Robles Family

The Delvalle Family (uncle-nephew)

The Lewis Family (father-son)

The Torrijos Family (father-son)

Papua New Guinea

The Chan Family (father-son)

The Somare Family (father-son)


The Argaña Family

The Cubas Family

The López Family


The Acuña Family

The Andrade Family

The Bedoya Family

The Belaúnde/Diez Canseco Family

The Castañeda Family

The de la Riva-Agüero Family

The Fujimori Family

The García Family

The Morales-Bermúdez Family

The Pardo Family

The Prado Family

The Townsend Family


These are the families that either supplied two or more generations of presidents, or vice presidents, or senators. Only family members who are presidents, vice presidents, senators, congressmen or members of the Cabinet are included, unless that government official has a descendant that is from amongst those positions.

The Angara Family

The Aquino Family

The Cayetano Family

The Cojuangco Family

The Estrada Family

Luisa Pimintel Estrada (former senator); wife of Joseph
  • Jinggoy Estrada (born Jose P. Ejercito, Jr.) (current senator); son of Joseph and Luisa
Guia Gomez (mayor of San Juan); mother of JV
  • JV Ejercito (incoming senator and current San Juan congressman); son of Joseph and Guia

The Guingona Family

The Laurel Family

The López family of Iloilo

The Madrigal Family

The Magsaysay Family

The Marcos Family

The Macapagal Family

The Osmeña Family

The Pimentel Family

The Recto Family

The Revilla Family

The Roxas Family

The Sumulong Family

The Sotto Family

The Tañada Family

Pitcairn Islands

The Christian Family


Poland is probably the only country in the world where identical twins were head of the government (Prime Minister) and head of state (President) at the same time.

The Gierek Family (father-son)

The Giertych Family (father-son-grandson)

The Grabski Brothers

The Kaczyński Family (identical twins)

The Wałęsa Family (father-son)


The Carmona and Carmona Rodrigues Family (granduncle-grandnephew)

The Soares Family (father-son)

The Portas Family (father-brothers)

The Menezes Family ' (father-son)

Puerto Rico

The Calderón Family

The Hernandez Family

The Muñoz Family

The Rivera Family

The Pesquera Family

The Romero Family


The Brătianu Family

The Băsescu Family (father, daughter, brother)

The Ponta-Sârbu Family (husband, wife, father-in-law)

Russia / Soviet Union

The Brezhnev-Churbanov Family (father-in-law and son-in-law)

The Glazyev-Sinelin Family (brothers-in-law, alumni, co-partisans)

The Gorbachev Family

The Khristenko-Golikova Family

The Kosygin-Primakov Family (somebodies-in-law via two marriages)

The Sobchak-Narusova Family (spouses)

The Stalin-Zhdanov Family (fathers of spouses)

The Trotsky-Kamenev Family (brothers-in-law)

The Yeltsin Family (father-in-law and son-in-law)

The Zubkov-Serdyukov Family (father-in-law and son-in-law)


The Habyarimana Family and Kayibanda Family

Saint Lucia

The Cenac family (brother)

The Lewis family (father-son)

São Tomé and Príncipe

The Costa Alegre Family

The Trovoada Family (Father-son)


The Wade Family (father-son)


The Ferrari Family

Sierra Leone

The Margai Brothers


The Lee Family

Solomon Islands

The Chan Family

The Kemakeza Family


Sharmarke Family (Father-son)

Barre Family (Brothers)

South Africa

The De Klerk Family

The Mandela Family and Machel Family

The Marte Family

The Mbeki Family

The Ngcuka Family (husband-wife)

The Sisulu Family

The Slovo Family and First Families (husband-wife)

The Tambo Family

The Zuma Family (ex-spouses)

The Seedat Family Dawood Ahmed Seedat – communist leader Fatima Seedat = wife and communist Zoni Seedat – Anc and Sacp Azad Seedat – Anc and Sacp


Sri Lanka


The Assad Family

The Atassi family

The al-Azm family


House of Bernadotte

Bildt family

Bodström family

Bohman family

Cederschiöld family

De Geer family

Douglas family

Hammarskjöld family

Heckscher family

Leijon family

Myrdal family

Ohlin family

Reinfeldt family

Wallenberg family


Vejjajiva family

Shinawatra family


The Gnassingbé Family

The Olympio Family

Trinidad and Tobago

The Capildeo family

The Fitzpatrick family

The Sinanan family

The Panday Family


The Bourguiba Family


The Ecevit Family (spouses)

The İnönü Family (father-son)


The Latasi Family


The Obote Family

The Museveni Family

The Kiwanuka Family

The Kakonge Family

The Lutwa Okello Family

The Lule Family

The Awori Family (Kenya and Uganda)


The Kuchma-Pinchuk Family (father-in-law and son-in-law)

United Kingdom

United States


The Arismendi Family (father and daughter)

The Batlle Family (grandfather, son, grandsons and great-grandson)

The Bauzá Family (father and son)

The Beltrán Family (father and son)

The Blanco Family (grandfather, sons and grandson)

The Bordaberry Family (grandfather, son and grandsons)

The Brum Brothers

The Cuestas Family (father and son)

The Demicheli Family (spouses)

The Ellauri Family (father, son and great grandson)

The Fernández Family (father and son)

The Forteza Family (father and son)

The Grauert Brothers

The Héber Family (brothers and son of one of them)

The Herrera Family (greatgrandfather, father and son)

The Hierro Family (grandfather, son and grandson)

The Jude Family (father and son)

The Michelini Family (father and sons)

The Mujica-Topolansky Family (spouses)

The Nin Brothers

The Pacheco Family

The Ramírez Family

The Saravia Family (brothers and descendant of one of them)

The Sanguinetti Family (cousins)

The Sendic Family (father and son)

The Stewart Family (descendant)

The Stirling Family (grandfather and grandson)

The Terra-Baldomir Family

The Tourné Family (uncle and niece)

The Wílliman Family (grandfather and grandson)

The Végh Family (father and son)

The Zorilla de San Martín Family (grandfather and grandson)


The Karimov Family


The Lini Family

The Sokomanu-Sopé Family


The Chávez Family

The Sucre Family


The Ngô Family


The Iryani Family (uncle-nephew)

The Saleh Family (father-son)

The Al-Shaabi Family (brothers-in-law)


The Chiluba Family

The Kaunda Family


The Mujuru Family

The Mugabe-Chiyangwa Family

See also


  1. "9th Parliament MP List" (PDF). Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  2. "GQ Chowdhury stopped at ZIA". 29 January 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  3. "2008 Parliamentary election and the in laws of the Nawab Family". 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  4. User, Super. "List of 5th Parliament Members". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  5. User, Super. "List of 6th Parliament Members". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  6. "Bangladesh Affairs – Member's of 8th Parliament of Bangladesh". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  7. "Equatorial Guinea's ambassador to the US is suspected of beating a girl with a wooden chair leg but will not be arrested because he has diplomatic immunity, officials say"
  8. 1 2 Flores Flake, Mary Elizabeth (2009). "Flores Flake, Mary Elizabeth". Fundación Democracia Sin Fronteras. Archived from the original on 1 August 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  9. 1 2 阿披实:泰国的“明星总理”, 2009-04-06,
  10. Peas in a pod they are not 17 January 2009, PHILIP GOLINGAI, The Star (Malaysia)
  11. Kathin ceremony fostering neighbourly ties, 22 November 2008, Bangkok Post
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