Protected areas of Romania

Geography of Romania

Carpathians (peaks)
Plains & Delta


Rivers (Danube)
Black Sea


This is a list of protected areas of Romania.

About 5.18% of the area of Romania has a protected status (12,360 km²), including the Danube Delta, which makes half of these areas (2.43% of Romania's area).

National parks

There are 14 national parks totaling 3,223 km²:

  National park listed in UNESCO World Heritage
  National park included in UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme
Name Location
Year of
Year of
Image Website
Buila-Vânturarița Vâlcea 4,186 2005 2005
Călimani Mureș, Suceava,
Harghita, Bistrița-Năsăud
24,041 1975 2000
Ceahlău Neamț 7,742.5 1995 2000
Cheile Bicazului-Hășmaș Harghita, Neamț 6,575 1990 2000
Cheile Nerei-Beușnița Caraș-Severin 36,758 1990 2000
Cozia Vâlcea 17,100 1966 2000
Danube Delta Tulcea 5,762.16 1991 2000
Domogled-Valea Cernei Caraș-Severin, Mehedinți,
61,211 1982 2000
Jiu Valley Gorj, Hunedoara 11,127 2005 2005
Măcin Mountains Tulcea 11,151.82 2000 2000
Rodna Mountains[1] Bistrița-Năsăud, Maramureș 47,177 1990 2000
Piatra Craiului Argeș, Brașov 14,773 1938 2000
Retezat[2] Hunedoara 38,047 1935 2000
Semenic-Cheile Carașului Caraș-Severin 36,664 1982 2000

Proposed hunting

The Romanian parliament discussed in September 2008 a bill aiming to open 13 national parks to sustainable hunting, in order to manage the wildlife biodiversity in these areas and promote greater tourism and the accompanying revenue necessary to support and maintain the parks.[3] However, after several protests from environmental organizations, the law was rejected by President Traian Băsescu.[4] Nowadays, hunting is prohibited in national parks of Romania.

Natural parks

There are 17 natural parks totaling 5,492.33 km²:

  Prizewinning natural park during the EDEN Awards Gala (8 October 2009)
  Natural park included in the European Network and member of the Global Geoparks Network under the auspices of UNESCO
  Biosphere reserve
Name Location
Year of
Year of
Image Website
Apuseni Alba, Bihor,
75,784 1990 2000
Brăila Small Puddle Brăila 17,529 1978 2000
Bucegi Brașov, Dâmbovița,
32,663 1974 2000
Cefa Bihor 5,002 2010 2010
Cindrel Sibiu 9,873 2000 2000
Comana Giurgiu 24,963 2005 2005
Dumbrava Sibiului Sibiu 993 1963 2000
Grădiștea Muncelului-Cioclovina Hunedoara 38,184 1979 2000
Hațeg Country Dinosaur Geopark Hunedoara 1,023.92 2005 2005
Iron Gates[5][6] Caraș-Severin, Mehedinți 115,665.8 1990 2000
Lower Prut Floodplain Galați 8,247 2005 2005
Maramureș Mountains Maramureș 148,850 2004 2004
Mehedinți Plateau Geopark Gorj, Mehedinți 106.5 2005 2005
Mureș Floodplain Arad 171.66 2005 2005
Putna-Vrancea Vrancea 30,204 2004 2004
Upper Mureș Defile Mureș 9,156 2007 2007
Vânători-Neamț Neamț 30,818 1999 2000

Natural reserves

Natural reserves are natural areas protected by law in order to protect and conserve important habitats and natural species. The dimensions of natural reserves vary and depend on the area needed by protected natural elements. Besides scientific activities, the administrations of natural reserves encourage traditional activities and ecotourism that do not affect the natural landscape. Here is not permitted to use natural resources.

There are 617 natural reservations totaling 2,043.55 km².

Scientific reserves

Scientific reserves are also protected areas that, like the previous ones, aim at protection and preservation of natural habitats. The difference is that scientific reserves can not be visited by tourists. These areas typically contain rare plant and animal species or particular natural elements, reason why here are prohibited any human activities, excepting research and education activities. Entry without permission in scientific reserves is punishable by considerable fines.

There are 55 such reservations totaling 1,112.77 km².

Natural monuments

There are 234 natural monuments totaling 77.05 km².


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