List of medieval Mongol tribes and clans

Mongol Empire c.1207

The qualifier Mongol Tribes was established as an umbrella term in the early 13th century, when Temüjin (later Genghis Khan) united the different tribes under his control and established the Mongol Empire. There were 19 Nirun tribes (marked (N) in the list) that descended from Bodonchar and 18 Darligin tribes (marked (D) in the list),[1] which were also core Mongolic tribes but not descending from Bodonchar. The unification created a new common ethnic identity as Mongols. Descendants of those clans form the Mongolian nation and other Inner Asian people .

Almost all of tribes and clans mentioned in the Secret History of the Mongols [2] and some tribes mentioned in the Tarikh-i-Rashidi.

Khamag Mongol confederation included Temüjin's clan


[3][4] A Turco-Mongol Christian (Nestorian) nation.[5][6] Prominent Christian figures were Tooril and Sorghaghtani Beki.

Tatar confederation

Mergid confederation

The Mergids were a Mongol tribe who opposed the rise of Temüjin, and kidnapped his new wife Börte. They were defeated and absorbed into the Mongol nation early in the 13th century.



Mentioned in the Jami' al-tawarikh.

Forest peoples

Other smaller groups mentioned in Secret History of the Mongols

Groups whose affiliation is not really made clear: these groups may or may not be related to any of the tribes and clans mentioned above:

See also


  1. Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, Jami' al-tawarikh
  2. Erich Haenisch, Die geheime Geschichte der Mongolen, Leipzig 1948
  3. Kereys, Files about origins of Kirgiz-Kaisak(Kazak) people, Muhamedzhan Tynyshbaev
  4. Kereys, Genealogy of türks, kirgizes, kazakhs and ruling dynasties, Shakarim Qudayberdy-uly
  5. R. Grousset, The Empire of the Steppes, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1970, p191.
  6. Moffett, A History of Christianity in Asia pp. 400-401.
  7. Tarikh-i Rashidi
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