List of legendary kings of Denmark

The legendary kings of Denmark are the predecessors of Gorm the Old, half history and half legend. The accounts of the Danish kings are confusing and contradictory, and so this presentation tries to separate the various sources from each other. They sometimes mention the same kings.

Before Gorm

Rig and Scylding line

Early kings of the Rig and Scylding lines, mentioned by multiple sources

After Hrólf Kraki no two sources give the same succession.

Adam of Bremen

Adam of Bremen mentions several kings from the 10th century preceding Gorm the Old. He claims Svend Estridson as his source. Many of these are also confirmed by other sources.

Gesta Danorum

The kings from Saxo Grammaticus' chronicle Gesta Danorum ("Deeds of the Danes").

Chronicon Lethrense and Annales Lundenses

The kings from the Chronicle of Lejre.

Other manuscript have a supplementary list, following the name of Hartwar:[2]


The kings in epic poem Beowulf


The kings in the poem Gróttasöngr

Skjöldunga saga (partial list)

The kings of the saga of the Scylding family.


Sögubrot or Sǫgubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum Dana ok svíaveldi is an Old Icelandic saga fragment which is believed to be a part of the original Skjöldunga saga. The fragment begins in the middle of a discussion between the Scanian king Ivar Vidfamne and his daughter Auðr.

Kings of the whole of Denmark or individual Danish regions, which appear in Sögubrot

Ynglinga saga

The kings of the saga of the Ynglinga family.

Other sources

For later Danish monarchs whose existence is verified, see List of Danish monarchs

See also


  1. Saxo Grammaticus, ed. Hilda Ellis Davidson, p. 165.
  2. The Chronicle of the Kings of Lejre, ed. Peter Tunstall.
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