List of cuisines of the Americas
This is a list of cuisines of the Americas. A cuisine is a characteristic style of cooking practices and traditions, often associated with a specific culture. The cuisines found across North and South America are based on the cuisines of the countries from which the immigrant peoples came, primarily Europe. However, the traditional European cuisine has been adapted by the addition of many local ingredients, and many techniques have been added to the tradition as well.
North American cuisine
- Canadian cuisine varies widely from depending on the regions of the nation. The former Canadian prime minister Joe Clark has been paraphrased to have noted: "Canada has a cuisine of cuisines. Not a stew pot, but a smorgasbord." The three earliest cuisines of Canada have First Nations, English, and French roots, with the traditional cuisine of English Canada closely related to British and American cuisine, while the traditional cuisine of French Canada has evolved from French cuisine and the winter provisions of fur traders. With subsequent waves of immigration in the 18th and 19th century from Central, Southern, and Eastern Europe, and also from China, the regional cuisines were subsequently augmented. Common contenders as the Canadian national food include Poutine and Butter tarts. Canada is the world's largest producer of maple syrup, and the sugar maple's leaf has come to symbolize Canada and is depicted on the country's flag.
- Canadian bacon, or peameal bacon, prepared from center-cut boneless pork loin
- BeaverTail, a fried dough pastry resembling the tail of a beaver, a Canadian symbol
- Fish and brewis with scrunchions, a traditional Newfoundland meal consisting of codfish and hard bread or hard tack
- A bottle of maple syrup from Quebec, Canada
- Canadian wine
- Canadian Chinese cuisine
- Cuisine of Quebec - Quebec is most famous for its tourtières (meat pies), pea soup, baked beans, cretons, ham dishes, maple desserts such as Pouding chômeur and "tire Ste-Catherine" (St. Catherine's taffy).
- Cuisine of the Maritime Provinces - the Maritimes region of Canada has some unique foods; the region has foodstuffs that are indigenous the area and cultural phenomena has brought non-native foods to the area. The region is in Eastern Canada, and comprises three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. On the Atlantic coast, the Maritimes are a subregion of Atlantic Canada. Much of what is local food or regional cuisine there could be found in the foods of the Native Peoples or indigenous people, sometimes called Indians, whose cultures preceded those to be found in the Maritimes today.
- Cuisine of Toronto - Toronto's is a large city with significant multicultural diversity. Different ethnic neighborhoods throughout the city focus on specific cuisines.
- Canadian regional foods
- American cuisine (USA) – is a style of food preparation derived from the United States. The cuisine has a history dating back before the colonial period when the Native Americans had a rich and diverse cooking style for an equally diverse amount of ingredients. With European colonization, the style of cookery changed vastly, with numerous ingredients introduced from Europe, as well as cooking styles and modern cookbooks. The style of cookery continued to expand into the 19th and 20th centuries with the influx of immigrants from various nations across the world. This influx has created a rich diversity and a unique regional character throughout the country. In addition to cookery, cheese and wine play an important role in the cuisine. The wine industry is regulated by American Viticultural Areas (AVA) (regulated appellation), similar to those laws found in countries such as France and Italy.
- Midwestern American cuisines is a regional cuisine of the American Midwest. It draws its culinary roots most significantly from the cuisines of Central, Northern and Eastern Europe, and is influenced by regionally and locally grown foodstuffs and cultural diversity.
- Cuisine of New England comprises Northeastern U.S. cuisine, including the six states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The American Indians cuisine became part of the cookery style that the early colonists brought with them.
- Cuisine of Philadelphia
- Cuisine of New York City comprises many cuisines belonging to various ethnic groups that have entered the United States through the city. Almost all ethnic cuisines are available in New York City, both in and out of their various ethnic neighborhoods.
- Southern American cuisines are defined as the historical regional culinary form of states generally south of the Mason–Dixon line dividing Pennsylvania from Maryland and Delaware as well as along the Ohio River, and extending west to Texas. See also: Soul food and Cuisine of Kentucky.
- Cajun cuisine
- Floribbean cuisine
- Louisiana Creole cuisine is a style of cooking originating in Louisiana that blends French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Greek, Asian Indian, Native American, African, and general Southern cuisine.
- Lowcountry cuisine
- Cuisine of Kentucky
- Southwestern American cuisine is food styled after the rustic cooking of the Southwestern United States. It comprises a fusion of recipes for things that might have been eaten by Spanish colonial settlers, cowboys, Native Americans, and Mexicans throughout the post-Columbian era. there is, however, a great diversity in this type of cuisine throughout the Southwestern states.
- Western American cuisine can be distinct in various ways compared to the rest of the U.S. Those states west of Texas, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska would be considered part of this area, as would, in some cases, western parts of adjoining states. The concept of obtaining foods locally is increasingly influential, as is the concept of sustainability. The influence of the Native American cultures of each area, but especially in the Northwest and in Navajo country, is important in the cuisine picture of the Western United States.
- California cuisine is a style of cuisine marked by an interest in fusion (integrating disparate cooking styles and ingredients) and in the use of freshly prepared local ingredients. See also: Cuisine of California.
- Cuisine of California
- Hawaiian cuisine in modern times is a fusion of many cuisines brought by multiethnic immigrants to the Hawaiian Islands, particularly of American, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Polynesian and Portuguese origins, including plant and animal food sources imported from around the world for agricultural use in Hawaii. Many local restaurants serve the ubiquitous plate lunch featuring the Asian staple, two scoops of rice, a simplified version of American macaroni salad (consisting of macaroni and mayonnaise), and a variety of different toppings ranging from the hamburger patty, a fried egg, and gravy of a Loco Moco, Japanese style tonkatsu or the traditional lu'au favorite, kalua pig.
- Pacific Northwest cuisine is a North American cuisine of the states of Oregon, Washington and Alaska, and the provinces of British Columbia and the southern Yukon. The cuisine reflects the ethnic makeup of the region, with noticeable influence from Asian and Native American traditions.
- Regional foods and cuisines
- California-style pizza
- Carne asada fries
- Chicago-style hot dog
- Chicago-style pizza
- Cincinnati chili
- Coney Island hot dog
- Fish fry
- Hot dog variations (U.S.)
- Italian beef
- Kansas City-style barbecue
- Lobster roll
- Lowcountry cuisine, traditionally associated with the South Carolina Lowcountry and the Georgia coast
- Pig roast, Pig pickin'
- Mission burrito
- Maine lobster
- Manhattan clam chowder
- New England boiled dinner
- New England clam bake
- New England clam chowder
- New York-style pizza
- Philadelphia cheesesteak
- Santa Maria Style BBQ, Santa Barbara County, California
- St. Louis-style barbecue
- St. Louis-style pizza
- White hot
- Salmon is widely available in the Pacific Northwest.
- New England clam chowder
- Chicago-style deep-dish pizza from the original Pizzeria Uno location
- See also: Maya cuisine and Agriculture in Mesoamerica
- Mexican cuisine - Mexican food varies by region because of Mexico's large size and diversity, different climates and geography, ethnic differences among the indigenous inhabitants and because different populations were influenced by the Spaniards in varying degrees. The north of Mexico is known for its beef, goat and ostrich production and meat dishes, in particular the well-known arrachera cut. The food staples of Mexican cuisine are typically corn and beans. Corn is used to make masa, a dough for tamales, tortillas, gorditas, and many other corn-based foods. Corn is also eaten fresh, as corn on the cob and as a component of a number of dishes. Squash and chili peppers also prominent in Mexican cuisine. Honey is an important ingredient in many Mexican dishes, such as the rosca de miel, a bundt-like cake, and in beverages such as balché. Mexican cuisine was added by UNESCO to its lists of the world's "Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity".
- By region
- Mexico's six regions differ greatly in their cuisines. In the Yucatán, achiote seasoning is commonly used, which is a sweet red sauce with a slight peppery flavor, made from seeds of the tropical annatto plant and sour orange. In contrast, the Oaxacan region is known for its savory tamales, moles, and simple tlayudas, while the mountainous regions of the West (Jalisco, etc.) are known for goat birria (goat in a spicy tomato-based sauce).
- Southeastern Mexico is known for its spicy vegetable and chicken-based dishes. The cuisine of Southeastern Mexico has a considerable Caribbean influence due to its location. Seafood is commonly prepared in states that border the Pacific Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico, the latter having a famous reputation for its fish dishes, à la veracruzana.
- In pueblos or villages, there are also more exotic dishes, cooked in the Aztec or Mayan style (known as comida prehispánica) with ingredients ranging from iguana to rattlesnake, deer, spider monkey, chapulines, ant eggs, and other kinds of insects.
- More recently, Baja Med cuisine has developed in Tijuana and elsewhere in Baja California, combining Mexican with Mediterranean flavors.
- Recently other cuisines of the world have acquired popularity in Mexico, thus adopting a Mexican fusion. For example, sushi in Mexico is often made with a variety of sauces based on mango or tamarind, and very often served with serrano-chili-blended soy sauce, or complimented with habanero and chipotle peppers.
- Regional foods
- Carne asada, thin or thick pieces of meat, usually beef, that is often marinated and served whole or chopped
- Chipotle, a smoke-dried jalapeño chili pepper
- Chocolate: The word chocolate originated in Mexico's Aztec cuisine, derived from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. Chocolate was first drunk rather than eaten. In the past, the Maya civilization grew cacao trees and used the cacao seeds it produced to make a frothy, bitter drink. The drink, called xocoatl, was often flavored with vanilla, chili pepper, and achiote (also known as annatto). Chocolate was also historically used as a form of currency. Today chocolate is used in a wide array of Mexican foods, from savory dishes such as mole to traditional Mexican style hot chocolate and champurrados, both of which are prepared with a molinillo.
- Caldo de res is a Mexican dish made with corn, green beans, potatoes, carrots, cabbage and cilantro.
- Chapulines, (roasted grasshoppers), for sale in Oaxaca, Mexico
Central American cuisine
See also: § Latin American cuisine, Maya cuisine, and Agriculture in Mesoamerica
- Central American cuisine - some typical foods in Central American cuisine include maize-based dishes, tortillas, tamales, pupusas, various salsas and other condiments, such as guacamole, pico de gallo, mole, chimichurri and pebre.
- Belizean cuisine is an amalgamation of all the ethnicities in the nation of Belize, and their respective wide variety of foods. Culinary influences include Mayan, Garifuna, Spanish, Creole, Chinese, British, Caribbean, and American. Beans, tortillas, cheese, chicken, rice and seafood are common in the cuisine.
- Costa Rican cuisine - a common dish is gallo pinto, which is rice and black beans. Tortillas, plantains, fish, beef and chicken are part of the cuisine. Casado is a traditional dish comprising meat served with tortillas and side items such as black beans and rice, or gallo pinto. Refrescos in Costa Rica refers to cold fruit smoothie beverages made with fruit and milk or water.
- Salvadoran cuisine consists of food from the Maya, Lenca, and Pipil people. The cuisine is also influenced by Spanish cuisine. Empanadas, tamales and pupusas are widespread, and seafood is common because of San Salvador's extensive coastline.
- Guatemalan cuisine was influenced by the Mayan Empire, Spanish rule and the current modernized country. Guatemala has 22 departments (or divisions), each of which has varying food varieties.
- Honduran cuisine is a fusion of African, Spanish, and indigenous cuisine. Coconut is used in both sweet and savory dishes. Regional specialties include fried fish, tamales, carne asada and baleadas. Common dishes include grilled meats, tortillas, rice and beans. Seafood is common in the Bay Islands and on the Caribbean coast.
- Nicaraguan cuisine is a mixture of Spanish, Creole, Garifuna and indigenous cuisines and foods. When the Spaniards first arrived in Nicaragua they found that the Creole people present had incorporated foods available in the area into their cuisine. Despite the blending and incorporation of pre-Columbian and Spanish influenced cuisine, traditional cuisine changes from the Pacific to the Caribbean coast. While the Pacific coast's main staple revolves around local fruits and corn, the Caribbean coast's cuisine makes use of seafood and the coconut. Traditional Nicaraguan foods include beans, corn, plantains, peppers and yucca.
- Panamanian cuisine is both unique and rich. As a land bridge between two continents, Panama possesses an unusual variety of tropical fruits, vegetables and herbs that are used in native cooking. Panamanian cuisine is a unique mix of African, Caribbean, Spanish and Native American cooking and dishes.
- Regional foods
- The sweet potato is native to Central America and was domesticated there at least 5,000 years ago.
- Fiambre is a traditional food from Guatemala eaten on November 1 and 2 in celebration of the Day of the Dead and All Saints Day. It is a chilled salad that may be made from over 50 ingredients.
South American cuisine
See also: § Latin American cuisine
- South American cuisine – Some of the richest food products of South America come from the middle of the continent, the Amazonia. For example, in The Amazonia region provides a plethora of fresh fish and tropical fruits. In countries like Peru there is a strong influence of the Inca empire and their cuisine. Potatoes are frequently grown as a result of this, and also plants such as quinoa. On the Southern tip of South America lies the Pacific Ocean, which provides a large array of seafood. Many plains also are on this continent, which are rich for growing food in abundance. In the Patagonia south of Chile and Argentina, many people produce lamb and venison. King crab is typically caught at the southern end of the continent. Antarctic krill has just recently been discovered and is now another food source. Tuna and tropical fish are caught all around the continent; Easter Island is one place where they are found in abundance. Lobster is also caught in great quantities from Juan Fernández. In Brazil the most traditional dish is the feijoada.
- Argentinian cuisine may be referred to as a cultural blending of indigenous Mediterranean influences (such as those exerted by Italian-Spanish and Arabic populations) with the wide scope of livestock and agricultural products which are abundant in the country.
- Brazilian cuisine, like Brazil itself, varies greatly by region. The natural crops available in each region add to their singularity. Some typical dishes are caruru, which consists of okra, onion, dried shrimp and toasted nuts (peanuts or cashews) cooked with palm oil until a spread-like consistency is reached and moqueca capixaba, consisting of slow-cooked fish, tomato, onion and garlic topped with cilantro.
- Chilean cuisine stems mainly from the combination of Spanish cuisine with traditional Chilean ingredients, with later influences from other European cuisines, particularly from Germany, Italy, Croatia, France and the Middle East. The food tradition and recipes in Chile stand out due to the varieties in flavors and colors. The country's long coastline and the Chilean peoples' relationship with the sea adds an immense array of ocean products to the variety of the food in Chile. The country's waters are home to unique species of fish and shellfish such as the Chilean sea bass, loco and picoroco.
- Colombian cuisine refers to the cooking traditions and practices of Colombia. Along with other cultural expressions of national identity, Colombian cuisine varies among its many distinct regions. Colombians typically eat three meals a day: a large breakfast, a medium lunch between 12-2, and a light dinner. Colombian coffee is well known for its high standards in taste compared to others.
- Ecuadorian cuisine is diverse, varying with altitude and associated agricultural conditions. Pork, chicken, beef, and cuy (guinea pig) are popular in the mountain regions and are served with a variety of carbohydrate-rich foods, especially rice, corn and potatoes. A popular street food in mountain regions is hornado, consisting of potatoes served with roasted pig.
- Paraguayan cuisine is similar to the cuisines in Uruguay and the Falkland Islands. Cuisine of Paraguay, Uruguay and the Falkland Islands, Guarani and European Influences. Meats, vegetables, manioc, maize and fruits are common in Paraguayan cuisine. Barbecuing is both a cooking technique and often a social event, and are known as Asados.
- Peruvian cuisine reflects local cooking practices and ingredients—and, through immigration, influences from Spanish, Chinese, Italian, West African, and Japanese cuisine. Many traditional foods—such as quinoa, kiwicha, chili peppers, and several roots and tubers have increased in popularity in recent decades, reflecting a revival of interest in native Peruvian foods and culinary techniques.
- Peruvian-Chinese cuisine (chifa)
- Uruguayan cuisine is traditionally based on its European roots, in particular, Mediterranean food from Italy, Spain, Portugal and France, but also from countries such as Germany and Britain, along with African and indigenous mixtures. The national drink is the Grappamiel.
- Venezuelan cuisine - Due to its location in the world, its diversity of industrial resources and the cultural diversity of the Venezuelan people, Venezuelan cuisine often varies greatly from one region to another; however, its cuisine, traditional as well as modern, has strong ties to its European ancestry.
- Cebiche, a seafood dish popular in Central and South America, especially in Peru
- A typical Brazilian Feijoada, a stew of beans with beef and pork
- "Fish in a box", fresh fish served with Mediterranean vegetables in a Montevideo, Uruguay restaurant
- Bandeja paisa, a typical meal popular in Colombian cuisine. Includes red beans cooked with pork, white rice, ground meat, chicharon, fried egg, plantain, chorizo, arepa, hogao sauce, morcilla and avocado
See also: § Latin American cuisine
- Caribbean cuisine is a fusion of African, West African, Amerindian, British, Spanish, French, Dutch, Indian and Chinese cuisines. These traditions were brought from the many homelands of this region's population. In addition, the population has created from this vast wealth of tradition many styles that are unique to the region. Seafood is one of the most common cuisine types in the islands, though this is certainly due in part to their location. Each island will likely have its own specialty. Some prepare lobster or conch, while others prefer certain types of fish or sharks.
- Cuisine of Antigua and Barbuda
- Cuban cuisine
- Cuisine of Curaçao
- Dominican cuisine
- Dominican Republic cuisine
- Grenadian cuisine
- Guyanese cuisine
- Haitian cuisine
- Jamaican cuisine
- List of Jamaican dishes and foods
- Martinican cuisine
- Puerto Rican cuisine
- Cuisine of Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Trinidad and Tobago cuisine
- By region
- Anguillan cuisine
- Cuisine of Antigua and Barbuda
- Cuisine of Aruba
- Cuisine of Barbados
- Cuisine of The Bahamas
- Cuisine of Belize
- British Virgin Islands cuisine
- Cuban cuisine
- Cuisine of Dominica
- Dominican Republic
- Haitian cuisine
- Jamaican cuisine
- List of Jamaican dishes and foods
- Martinique cuisine
- Cuisine of Montserrat
- Cuisine of Puerto Rico
- St. Kitts and Nevis cuisine
- Trinidad and Tobago cuisine
- Guyanese cuisine
- Cuisine of the United States Virgin Islands
- Regional foods
- Ackee (Jamaica)
- Black Cake, a derivative of English Christmas pudding, is served in some areas, especially on special occasions.
- Cuban sandwich
- Jamaican jerk spice
- Scotch bonnet pepper
Latin American cuisine
- Latin American cuisine – incorporates influences from all over the world. Most came due to colonization and the resulting mixtures among the Native Americans, European immigrants, and African slaves. Different waves of immigration (Some resulting from wars, such as World War II) have also had a hand in this mixture, mainly in the form of immigrants from central and eastern Europe and from east Asia (mainly China and Japan).
- Central American cuisine – see above
- South American cuisine – see above
- Caribbean cuisine – see above
- ↑ "Cuisine." Thefreedictionary.com. Accessed June 2011.
- ↑ Pandi, George (2008-04-05), "Let's eat Canadian, but is there really a national dish?", The Gazette (Montreal) Also published as "Canadian cuisine a smorgasbord of regional flavours"
- ↑ Trillin, Calvin (2009-11-23), "Canadian Journal, "Funny Food,"", The New Yorker: 68–70
- ↑ Wong, Grace (2010-10-02), Canada's national dish: 740 calories – and worth every bite?, CNN
- ↑ Sufrin, Jon (2010-04-22), "Is poutine Canada's national food? Two arguments for, two against", Toronto Life
- ↑ Baird, Elizabeth (2009-06-30), "Does Canada Have a National Dish?", Canadian Living
- ↑ DeMONTIS, RITA (2010-06-21), "Canadians butter up to this tart", Toronto Sun
- ↑ "Maple Syrup." Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "The Maple Leaf". Canadian Heritage. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- ↑ "Toronto's racial diversity". Toronto.ca. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- ↑ "Toronto Restaurants". Food.ca. 2004. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- ↑ "Toronto | Toronto's Neighbourhoods". where.ca. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
- ↑ Crook, Nathan C. "Foods That Matter: Constructing Place and Community at Food Festivals in Northwest Ohio." (abstract). The Ohio Library and Information Network. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Michigan/Great Lakes Region." Community Based Food and Farming. Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems at Michigan State University. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 3 4 Beggs, Cindy, Gipson, Bridget, Shaw, Sherrie. "Cajun and Creole Cuisine." University of West Florida. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Native Americans." (cached version). Ed101.bu.edu. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Western USA." Allrecipes.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Cuisine of the West Coast." Allrecipes.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Pacific Northwest Cuisine." Lifeintheusa.com . Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Navajo Food." Navajo-arts.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Native American cuisine goes gourmet." The CBS Interactive Business Network. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "The birth of California cuisine is generally traced back to Alice Waters in the 1970s and her restaurant Chez Panisse. Waters introduced the idea of using natural, locally grown fresh ingredients to produce her dishes. California cuisine is... local, based like most traditional regional cooking on available ingredients including abundant seafood. Fresh vegetables, lightly cooked, and fresh fruits, berries, and herbs characterize the cuisine generally, but California cooking is also in fact a fusion of cooking from around the world." Benjamin F. Shearer Culture and Customs of the United States Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007 ISBN 0-313-33877-9, 440, page 212
- ↑ A taste of Seattle: A Pacific Northwest culinary pilgrimage Janis Cooke Newman, San Francisco Chronicle, 10-21-01
- ↑ "Guide to Traditional Mexican Cooking." Flavoursofmexico.net. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Eating in Mexico." Gomexico.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Mexican Cuisine Recognized by UNESCO." . Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Yucatecan Cuisine." Gomexico.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Oaxacan Food." Gomexico.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Chocolate: A Mesoamerican Luxury 250–900 C.E. (A.D.) – Obtaining Cacao". Field Museum. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- ↑ "Chocolate: A Mesoamerican Luxury 250–900 C.E. (A.D.) – Making Chocolate". Field Museum of Natural History. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- ↑ "Achiote (Annatto) Cooking". las Culturas. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- ↑ "A Brief History of Chocolate, Food of the Gods". Athena Review. Athena Pub. 2 (2). Retrieved June 8, 2007.
- ↑ "Chmpurrado." Mexicanfood.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Maize, the Staple Crop of the Americas." Mesa Community College. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 3 "Guatemala." Foodbycountry.com. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 3 "Belize Food and Drink." Gocentralamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 3 4 "Costa Rica Food and Drink." Gocentralamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 "El Salvador Food and Drink." Gocentralamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 3 "Honduras Food and Drink." Gocentralamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 "Nicaragua Food and Drink." Gocentralamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ "Try the culinary delights of Nicaragua cuisine". Nicaragua.com. Retrieved 2006-05-08.
- ↑ "Panama Food and Drink." Gocentralamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ Sweet Potato, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
- ↑ "Amazonian Cuisine." Brazil-travel-guide.com. Accessed July 2011.
- ↑ , 'Argentine Gastronomy', June 6, 2008
- ↑ "Colombian culture and contributions to culture". Mundolatino.com. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- ↑ "Culture of Colombia". Advameg, inc. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- 1 2 Cuisine of Paraguay, Uruguay and the Falkland Islands
- ↑ Gosouthamerica.about.com. Accessed July 2011.
- 1 2 "Paraguay, the Country of Cassava." Consumer.es. Accessed July 2011. (Spanish)
- 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Cuisine." (Caribbean.) Bahamabreeze.com. Accessed July 2011.
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