List of caves in Bulgaria

Topographic map of Bulgaria

The list caves in Bulgaria, as of 2002, includes around 4,500 underground formations.[1] The earliest written records about the caves in Bulgaria are found in the manuscripts of the 17th century Bulgarian National Revival figure and historian Petar Bogdan. The first Bulgarian speleological society was established in 1929. The caves in the country are inhabited by more than 700 invertebrate species and 32 of the 37 species of bats found in Europe.

The longest caves in Bulgaria are Duhlata (17,600 m) and Orlova Chuka (13,437 m). The first show cave is Bacho Kiro, inaugurated in 1937.

Partial list of Bulgarian caves

Image Name Location Notes
Bacho Kiro cave Gabrovo Province 42°57′N 25°26′E / 42.950°N 25.433°E / 42.950; 25.433 Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[2]
Devetashka cave Lovech Province 43°14′0.32″N 24°53′14.73″E / 43.2334222°N 24.8874250°E / 43.2334222; 24.8874250 The cave used to be a secret military site.[3][4]
Devil's Throat Cave Smolyan Province 41°37′N 24°23′E / 41.617°N 24.383°E / 41.617; 24.383 The cave has the largest population of common bent-wing bat in the Balkans. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[5]
Duhlata Pernik Province 42°30′N 23°14′E / 42.500°N 23.233°E / 42.500; 23.233 The longest cave in Bulgaria, at 17,600 m.[6]
Kozarnika Vidin Province 43°39′N 22°42′E / 43.650°N 22.700°E / 43.650; 22.700 Dwelling of early humans 1.6 million years ago.[7]
Ledenika Vratsa Province 43°12′N 23°29′E / 43.200°N 23.483°E / 43.200; 23.483 Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[8]
Magura Cave Vidin Province 43°43′N 22°36′E / 43.717°N 22.600°E / 43.717; 22.600 Prehistoric drawings. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[9]
Orlova Chuka Ruse Province 43°36′N 25°58′E / 43.600°N 25.967°E / 43.600; 25.967 Second longest cave in Bulgaria 13,437 m.[10]
Prohodna cave Lovech Province 43°11′N 24°04′E / 43.183°N 24.067°E / 43.183; 24.067 The cave is featured in several movies, including the 1988 Time of Violence.[11]
Saeva dupka Lovech Province 43°2′N 24°11′E / 43.033°N 24.183°E / 43.033; 24.183 Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[12]
Snezhanka cave Pazardzhik Province 42°0′N 24°16′E / 42.000°N 24.267°E / 42.000; 24.267 Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[13]
Uhlovitsa Smolyan Province 41°30′N 24°39′E / 41.500°N 24.650°E / 41.500; 24.650 Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[14]
Yagodinska cave Smolyan Province 41°38′N 24°20′E / 41.633°N 24.333°E / 41.633; 24.333 Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.[15]

See also


  1. География на България. Физическа и социално-икономическа география. „ФорКом“. 2002. p. 64. ISBN 954-464-123-8.
  2. 100 National Tourist Sites, Bacho Kiro cave (in Bulgarian)
  3. Документ на Министерство на икономиката и енергетиката на Република България, .doc file
  4. The same document as html through Google
  5. 100 National Tourist Sites, Devil's Throat cave (in Bulgarian)
  6. Caves of Bulgaria, Duhlata cave (in Bulgarian)
  7. Rincon, Paul (2004-03-16). "Early human marks are 'symbols'". BBC. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  8. 100 National Tourist Sites, Ledenika cave (in Bulgarian)
  9. 100 National Tourist Sites, Magura cave (in Bulgarian)
  10. Caves of Bulgaria, Orlova Chuka cave (in Bulgarian)
  11. Ягодова, Весела; Сава Чанкова (2010-07-27). "Какво още". Light (in Bulgarian). Икономедиа. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  12. 100 National Tourist Sites, Saeva dupka cave (in Bulgarian)
  13. 100 National Tourist Sites, Snezhanka cave (in Bulgarian)
  14. 100 National Tourist Sites, Uhlovitsa cave (in Bulgarian)
  15. 100 National Tourist Sites, Yagodinska cave (in Bulgarian)


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