List of cabinets of Croatia
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politics and government of
Note that between 1990 and 2000 Croatia had a semi-presidential system and members of government, including Prime Ministers, were all directly appointed and removed by the President of Croatia, this post being held by Franjo Tuđman from 1990 to late 1999. During his two terms as president, Tuđman was also the chairman of the ruling conservative Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), with all Prime Ministers in this period also coming from his party's ranks.
Following Tuđman's death in December 1999 and the subsequent January 2000 general election, the new centre-left parliamentary majority led by Ivica Račan amended the Constitution of Croatia in November 2000 and introduced a parliamentary system, greatly reducing the President's executive powers. Therefore, Prime Ministers since Račan have usually been the leaders of parties (or coalition of parties) which held a parliament majority according to results of the general election. Meanwhile, the position of president of the Republic was made into a non-party post, which meant that Presidents who served after Tuđman (Stjepan Mesić from 2000 to 2010, Ivo Josipović from 2010 to 2015 and Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović since 2015) "froze" or resigned their party memberships upon getting elected or taking office for the entire duration of their 5-year terms.
There have been 12 Prime Ministers since the introduction of a multi-party system via the 1990 general election and 14 governments. Nine Prime Ministers were members of the HDZ during their term in office, two were members of the SDP and one was not a member of any political party. To date two Prime Ministers (Ivica Račan and Ivo Sanader) have chaired more than one government.
The longest serving Prime Ministers to date have been Ivo Sanader, who held the post for 2,022 days between December 2003 and July 2009, followed by Zoran Milanović (1637 days from December 2011 until January 2016), Zlatko Mateša (1,542 days from November 1995 to January 2000) and Ivica Račan (1,426 days from January 2000 to December 2003). The shortest serving Prime Minister was Stjepan Mesić (86 days from May to August 1990).
To date the only Prime Minister to have been voted out of office by a motion of no confidence is Tihomir Orešković, on 16 June 2016. He also has the distinction of being the first non-partisan Prime Minister.
|No.||Cabinet||Dates||Days||Prime Minister||Coalition parties|
|1st||Mesić||30 May 1990 – 24 August 1990||86||Stjepan Mesić||HDZ|
|2nd||Manolić||24 August 1990 – 17 July 1991||327||Josip Manolić||HDZ|
|3rd||Gregurić||17 July 1991 – 12 August 1992||392||Franjo Gregurić||HDZ – SDP – SDSH – HSLS – HKDS (National unity government)|
|4th||Šarinić||12 August 1992 – 3 April 1993||234||Hrvoje Šarinić||HDZ|
|5th||Valentić||3 April 1993 – 7 November 1995||948||Nikica Valentić||HDZ|
|6th||Mateša||7 November 1995 – 27 January 2000||1,542||Zlatko Mateša||HDZ|
|7th||Račan I||27 January 2000 – 30 July 2002||915||Ivica Račan||SDP – HSLS – HNS – HSS – IDS – LS|
|8th||Račan II||30 July 2002 – 23 December 2003||511||Ivica Račan||SDP – HNS – HSS – LS – Libra|
|9th||Sanader I||23 December 2003 – 12 January 2008||1,481||Ivo Sanader||HDZ (supported by HSLS, DC, HSU, HSS)|
|10th||Sanader II||12 January 2008 – 6 July 2009||541||Ivo Sanader||HDZ – HSLS – HSS – SDSS|
|11th||Kosor||6 July 2009 – 23 December 2011||900||Jadranka Kosor||HDZ – HSLS – HSS – SDSS|
|12th||Milanović||23 December 2011 – 22 January 2016||1,491||Zoran Milanović||Kukuriku Coalition (SDP, HNS, IDS, HSU)|
|13th||Orešković||22 January 2016 – 19 October 2016||271||Tihomir Orešković||Patriotic Coalition (HDZ, HSP-AS, HSLS, HSS, HRAST, HDS, BUZ) – MOST|
|14th||Plenković||19 October 2016 – present||56||Andrej Plenković||HDZ – MOST (supported by SDSS and HSS)|
- Chronology of Croatian governments at the Croatian Information-Documentation Referral Agency. (Croatian)
- "Prethodne Vlade RH" [Former Governments of the Republic of Croatia] (in Croatian). Croatian Government. Retrieved 2010-12-13.