List of Panamax ports
A Panamax port is a deepwater port that can accommodate a fully laden Panamax ship. With the approval of the Panama Canal expansion proposal in October 2006, this list will need to be significantly revised when the expansion is completed. Other lists are required for even bigger Valemax and Chinamax ships.
(from North to South)
- Nouadhibou, Mauritania — iron ore terminal.
- Nouakchott, Mauritania — proposed railhead for phosphate mine.
- Port Kamsar, Guinea — bauxite loading port, origin of Kamsarmax ship type.
- Tagrin Point, Sierra Leone — iron ore port
- Monrovia, Liberia — proposed deepening to 20m for 200,000t vessels.
- Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana — built 1928
- Tema, Ghana — built 1961
- Cotonou — Benin
- Lomé — Togo
- Kribi, Cameroon — oil terminal
- Lolabé, Cameroon — iron ore — proposed Chinamax with 24m draft. -->
- Owendo, Gabon — railhead
- Lobito, Angola
- Walvis Bay, Namibia — railhead
- Saldanha Bay, South Africa
- (from North to South)
- Bargny, Senegal
- Matakong, Guinea — deepwater port for Simandou and Kalia iron ore
- Tagrin Point, Sierra Leone — for iron ore
- San Pédro, Côte d'Ivoire — for iron ore
- Ikot Akpatek, Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria — proposed
- Lolabé, Cameroon — iron ore export
- Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
- Santa Clara, Gabon — proposed deepwater port with railhead for Makokou iron ore.
- Indienne, Congo
- Barra do Dande, Angola (Bengo Province)
- Shearwater Bay, Namibia — coal (30 km south of Luderitz)
(from North to South)
- Mogadishu, Somalia
- Kismayo, Somalia
- Kilindini Harbour, Mombasa, Kenya
- Mtwara, Tanzania
- Nacala, Mozambique — railhead for Malawi
- Richards Bay, South Africa
- Ngqura, South Africa
- (from North to South)
- Lamu Port, Lamu, Kenya
- Pangani, Tanzania
- Technobanine Point, Mozambique
- Pemba, Mozambique
- Vizhinjam (Trivandrum), India
- Port of Churchill — terminal on Hudson Bay that handles grain, bulk commodities, general cargo, and tanker vessels.
- Sept-Îles — iron ore terminal on the Saint Lawrence River.
- Port Cartier — iron ore terminal on the Saint Lawrence River.
- Quebec City — deepwater terminal on the Saint Lawrence River and the gateway to the Great Lakes, capable of accommodating Panamax and Capesize vessels with 50 feet of water at low tide
- Chandler — large deepwater wharf
- Melford Terminal (proposed) — deepwater terminal on the Strait of Canso.
- Port of Saint John — deepwater port in the Bay of Fundy.
- Port of Halifax — most easterly North American full-service container port.
- Port of Prince Rupert — deep sea port with direct rail connections to major North American cities.
- Port Alberni — fjord-like channel that deep sea vessels and cruise ships can easily navigate.
- Port of Vancouver — modern port of entry on the west coast of Canada.
- Squamish Terminals — breakbulk terminal on the west coast of Canada specializing in the movement of forestry, steel, and project cargo.
- Crofton — The main factor for its location is the depth of the water, unusual for the east coast of Vancouver Island.
- Kitimat — year-round deep-sea shipping connects North America to the Pacific Ocean and the Pacific Rim. According to the Transport Canada's Technical Review Process of Marine Terminal Systems and Transshipment Sites (TERMPOL) the passageway into the Port of Kitimat is "safely accessible by Panamax vessels, VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier) VLCC’s and Ultra Large Crude Carriers (ULCCs) up to 320,000 DWT. A strategic port in the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines project.
- Thule Air Base, Greenland — northernmost deepwater port in the world.
United States of America
- Port of Boston
- Port of New York and New Jersey, includes
- Port of Philadelphia
- Port of Wilmington
- Port of Baltimore
- Hampton Roads — complex includes naval and commercial facilities
- Port of Morehead City
- Port of Wilmington
- Port of Charleston
- Port of Savannah
- Port of Jacksonville
- Port Canaveral
- Port Everglades
- Port of Miami
Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico
- Port Corpus Christi — fifth-largest port in the United States in total tonnage. Panamax class vessels are handled at the Port's Bulk Terminal.
- Port of Tampa
- Port of Mobile — only deepwater port in the state of Alabama
- Port of New Orleans
- Port of Beaumont — deepwater port located in Beaumont, Texas.
- Port of Galveston — oldest port on the Gulf Coast, west of New Orleans.
- Port of Houston — located in Houston, Texas, tenth-busiest port in world by tonnage.
- Port of the Americas (Port of Ponce) — capable of servicing post-Panamax vessels with a controlling depth of 50 feet (15 m).
Port Lafito - Port-au-Prince, Haiti
- Port of Seattle
- Port of Tacoma
- Port Madison — sometimes called Port Madison Bay, a deepwater bay located on Puget Sound.
- Port Angeles
- Port of Grays Harbor
- Port of Longview
- Port of Kalama
- Port of Vancouver USA
- Port of Portland — three post-Panamax terminals.
- Port of Coos Bay — Oregon's second busiest seaport
- Port of Humboldt Bay — (aka Port of Eureka) the only deepwater port in California north of San Francisco Bay
- Port of Richmond
- Port of Stockton — California's farthest-inland deepwater port.
- Port of Oakland — channel is thirty feet deep and eight hundred feet wide.
- Port of Redwood City — resulting from dredging the mouth of Redwood Creek
- Port of Hueneme — only deepwater port between Los Angeles and San Francisco, and the only military deepwater port between San Diego Bay and Puget Sound
- Port of Los Angeles — busiest port in the United States.
- Port of Long Beach — one of the busiest container ports in the world.
- Port of San Diego — home to the bulk of the United States Navy Pacific Carrier Fleet. Only the first nine miles (14 km) of the bay are accessible to Panamax vessels.
Latin America and the Caribbean
- Buenos Aires — Argentina
- Bahía Blanca — Argentina
- Quequén — Argentina
- Port of Tubarão, Vitória — Brazil, largest iron ore embarking port in the world deep-water port receiving ships 350,000 tons
- Ponta da Madeira — Brazil
- Ponta Ubu — Brazil
- Guaiba — Brazil, iron ore export terminal owned and operated by Vale (ex CVRD) in Sepetiba Bay
- Itaguai — Brazil, iron ore export terminal now owned and operated by Vale (ex CVRD) in Sepetiba Bay
- Paranaguá — Brazil, commodities
- Rio Grande — Brazil, commodities
- Barranquilla, Colombia
- Bridgetown — dredging project started in 2002 now allows for some of the world's largest cruise ships to berth in Barbados.
- Grand Bahama, Bahamas — Freeport Container Port
- Cartagena, Colombia
- Ciénaga, Colombia — coal export port
- Colón — Panama
- Boca Grande, Venezuela — iron ore transfer station
- Buenaventura, Colombia
- Manta — Ecuador
- Puerto Bolívar — Ecuador
- Port of Ensenada, Baja California — Mexico
- Port of Lázaro Cárdenas — Mexico
- Manzanillo, Colima — Mexico
- Punta Colonet, Baja California — Mexico
- Port of Yokohama — post Panamax multi-purpose port
- Kashima — container, dry and wet bulk and general cargo port
- Fukuyama — multi-purpose and dry bulk port
- Kyaukphyu — for import of oil to China.
Republic of China
- Laem Chabang (1991)
United Arab Emirates
Nordic / Baltic
- Reyðarfjörður, eastern Iceland
- Narvik, northern Norway
- Gothenburg, (west coast of Sweden) — largest port in Scandinavia
- DenmarkAarhus, (post-Panamax, main port of Denmark)
- Gdańsk, (Baltimax, post-Panamax, main port of Poland)
- Norrköping, (east coast of Sweden)
- Södertälje, Stockholm
- Helsinki, (post-Panamax, main port of Finland)
- Tallinn, Estonia
- Sillamäe, Estonia
- Klaipeda, Lithuania
North Sea / mainland
- JadeWeserPort, Wilhelmshaven, Lower Saxony (oil, coal, chemicals.)
- Port of Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
- IJmuiden, North Holland, Netherlands
- Rotterdam, South Holland (post-Panamax) — largest port in Europe
- Zeebrugge, West Flanders, Belgium
- Antwerp, Belgium
- Dunkirk, northern France (different kinds of liquid and bulk handling.)
- Le Havre, northern France (oil, coal, chemicals, container. Draft up to 82 feet)
- Zeeland Seaports, Zeeland, ports of Vlissingen and Terneuzen
Iberia and Mediterranean
- Algeciras, Andalusia, Spain
- Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
- Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy
- Gijon, Asturias, Spain (draft up to 59 feet)
- Gioia Tauro, southern Italy
- Marseille-Fos Port, France
- Omišalj, Croatia (supertanker oil terminal)
- Port of Rijeka, Croatia
- Port of Lisbon, Portugal
- Sines, Portugal
- Port of Piraeus, Greece
- Southampton, English Channel (post-Panamax, traditional liner port)
- Teesport, Middlesbrough, North Sea
- Falmouth, Cornwall, Atlantic Ocean
- Port of Tyne, Newcastle, North Sea
- Felixstowe, North Sea (post-Panamax, 35% of UK container traffic)
- Barrow, Irish Sea
- Liverpool, Irish Sea. New post-Panamax container terminal under construction, opening to coincide with the widening of the Panama Canal. Accommodates cruise ships of 345 metres (1,132 ft) in length and 10 metres (33 ft) draught.
- Port Talbot, Irish Sea
- Milford Haven, Irish Sea
- Invergordon, Moray Firth
- Hunterston Terminal, Firth of Clyde
- Hound point, Firth of Forth
- London Gateway. Thurrock, Thames Estuary
- Portland Port, Portland Harbour, English Channel
- Cork, deep water multi modal port, south coast of Ireland. Celtic Sea/Atlantic Ocean. The second biggest port in the world by geographic size.
Aughinish, Ireland Moneypoint, Ireland
(clockwise from north)
- Port of Townsville — military port, mineral ores, fertilizer, concentrates, sugar and motor vehicles, able to accommodate 4 Panamax vessels at a time.
- Abbot Point — coal export terminal
- Dalrymple Bay — coal export terminal, part of Hay Point, Queensland
- Hay Point — BHP (BMA joint venture) coal export terminal
- Gladstone — coal
- Port of Brisbane — coal, containers
- Newcastle — coal, wheat
- Port Botany (Sydney) — containers
- Port Kembla — coal, wheat, cars
- Portland, Victoria
- Adelaide Outer Harbour — deepened to Post-Panamax (aka NewPanamax) in 2006.
- Port Giles
- Port Bonython, Capesize — oil, LPG, diesel and proposed iron ore pending approval and construction of second jetty
- Whyalla, SA — 65,000t ships in inner harbor, Capesize iron ore bulkers serviced in Spencer Gulf via transshipment
- Sheep Hill — proposed Capesize iron ore port
- Port Lincoln — grain
- Fremantle, Western Australia (Perth)
- Geraldton, Western Australia (Midwest)
- Oakajee Port — under construction
- Dampier — north west Western Australia — iron ore.
- Cape Lambert upgrade 80 mtpa to 180 mtpa
- Port Hedland — north west Western Australia — iron ore.
- East Arm Wharf (Port of Darwin) — Panamax
- Ports of Auckland, Auckland
- Marsden Point, Whangarei
- Port Taranaki, New Plymouth
- Port Chalmers, Dunedin
(Source: Recount, Taranaki District Council newsletter, page 5.)
- List of world's busiest transshipment ports
- Dry port
- Marine transfer operations
- Merchant vessel
- Petroleum transport
- IOL: Cotonou — a city slowly swallowed by waves
- The Private International Port of Kitimat (PDF), Kitimat: a Port City on the Move, Kitimat, British Columbia: District of Kitimat Development Services, 2005, retrieved 5 May 2014
- Marine Link
- Channel and Dock Statistics and Restrictions Port Canaveral Official Site. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
- (American Association of Port Authorities)
- Barbados Port Inc: Cruise and Cargo Facilities
- Railway Gazette International October 2008, 760
- Sirimane, Shirajiv (2010-02-21). "Hambantota port, gateway to world". The Sunday Observer. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
- "Liverpool2 Construction Well Underway". Retrieved 26 May 2015.