# List of Byzantine scholars

This is a **list of Byzantine scientists and other scholars**.

## Before the 9th century

Most important scholars known before the Macedonian Renaissance were active under the Justinian dynasty.

- Didymos or Didymus (5th–6th century), author of Geoponika
- Ioulianos or Julianus (5th–6th century), invented a water pumping system
- Anthemius of Tralles (c. 474–before 558), mathematician and architect of Hagia Sophia
^{[1]} - Eutocius of Ascalon (c. 480–c. 540), mathematician
- John Philoponus (490–570), mathematician, grammarian, theologian
- Isidore of Miletus (6th century), mathematicist, physicist and architect of Hagia Sophia
- Leontios (died 706), emperor, astronomer, mathematician and engineer
- George of Pisidia (6th–7th century), scholar, zoologist and astronomer
- Timotheos of Gaza (6th–7th century), zoologist
- Stephen of Byzantium (6th–7th century), geographer
- Callinicus of Heliopolis (7th century), architect; invented the Greek fire
- Stephen of Alexandria (7th century), mathematician and astronomer

## The Macedonian Renaissance

The Macedonian Renaissance occurred in the period of the Macedonian dynasty from 867 to 1056.

- Leo the Mathematician
^{[2]}(c. 790–after 869) - Georgios Monachos (9th century)
- Photius I of Constantinople (c. 810–c. 893), Greek philosophy
- Saint Cyril the Philosopher (826 or 827–869)
- Constantine VII (reigned 913–959)
- Michael Psellus (1018–1078)
- Michael Attaliates (11th century)
- Symeon Seth (11th century)
- Leo VI (reigned 886–912)
- Arethas of Caesarea (c. 860-aft. 932), Archbishop, theologian and Greek commentator

## The Komnenian period and after

The Komnenian period ranged from 1081 to about 1185.

- Anna Comnena (1083–1153)
- Theodore Prodromos (c. 1100–c. 1165/70), mathematician
- Eustathius of Thessalonica (c. 1115–1195/6)
- Michael of Ephesus (early or mid-12th century), philosopher, physics
- Michael Glykas (12th century), mathematician and astronomer
- Joannes Zonaras (12th century), historian
- John Kinnamos (12th century), historian
- Niketas Choniates (c. 1155–1215 or 1216), historian
- Nikephoros Blemmydes (1197–1272)

## The Palaiologian Renaissance

The Palaiologian Renaissance was mostly contemporary with the Renaissance of the 12th century. The Palaiologos dynasty ruled from c. 1260 to 1453. A number of Greek scholars contributed to the establishment of this renaissance also in Western Europe.

- Demetrios Pepagomenos (1200–1300), zoologist, botanologist and pharmacist
- George Akropolites (1220–1282), astronomer
- Gregory Choniades (died 1302), mathematician and astronomer
- Manuel Holobolos (1230–1305), scholar, teacher
- George Pachymeres (1242–1310)
- Manuel Moschopoulos (13th–beginning of the 14th century) grammarian
- Constantinos Lykites (13th–14th century), astronomer
- John Pediasimos (13th–14th century), mathematician
- Nikephoros Choumnos (c. 1250/55–1327), scholar, meteorologist and physicist
- Maximus Planudes (1260–c. 1305), grammarian and theologian,
- Theodore Metochites (1270–1332), physician and mathematician
- Barlaam of Seminara (c. 1290–1348), mathematician and astronomer
- Nicephorus Gregoras (1295–1359/60), mathematician and astronomer
- Demetrius Triclinius (before c. 1300), grammarian with knowledge of astronomy,
- Thomas Magister (14th century), grammarian
- Theodore of Melitene (1320–1393), astronomer
- Isaac Argyros (1310–1372), mathematician and astronomer
- John VI Kantakouzenos (reigned 1347–1355), historian
- Manuel Chrysoloras (c. 1355–1415), translator, philosopher
- Joannes Chortasmenos (1370–1437), scholar, mathematician and astronomer

## See also

## References

- ↑ Carl B. Boyer. "Revival and Decline of Greek Mathematics". In Boyer (1991), p. 193. "The commentary by Eutocius on the
*Conics*of Apollonius was dedicated to Anthemius of Tralles (t534), an able mathematician and architect of St. Sophia of Constantinople, who described the string construction of the ellipse and wrote a work*On Burning-mirrors*in which the focal properties of the parabola are described."

Although Anthemius died not 534 but before 558, cf. Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, p. 109. - ↑ Marcus Louis Rautman (2006),
*Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire*(Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-32437-9), 294–95.

## Sources

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 7/5/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.