Location of Lich within Gießen district
|Coordinates: 50°31′18″N 8°49′15″E / 50.52167°N 8.82083°ECoordinates: 50°31′18″N 8°49′15″E / 50.52167°N 8.82083°E|
|• Mayor||Bernd Klein (SPD)|
|• Total||77.64 km2 (29.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||06404, 06004|
Lich is a town in the district of Gießen, in Hesse, Germany. It is situated 12 km southeast of Gießen.
The town is located alongside the river Wetter halfway between Taunus and Vogelsberg; the northern and eastern parts of the town belong to the natural area of the Vogelsberg Mountains , the southern and western to the Wetterau.
Besides the main town, which bears the same name as the whole municipality, the following surrounding communities belong to Lich since the 1970s Hessen government act:
The region is known to be settled for more than 100 000 years. Tools found on several places in and around Lich could be dated to the Neanderthal period, others to the Aurignacian culture, Linear Pottery culture, the Bronze Age, the Hallstatt culture and the La Tène culture.
When building the Upper Germanic Limes during the regency of the Roman Emperor Domitian the Romans founded also the Castra Arnsburg, located near the nowadays Arnsburg Abbey. It is the most northern known Castra along the Limes.
The first known mentioning of Lich dates back to 790 in the Lorsch codex. In 1300 the town was awarded a market character by Emperor Albert I of Germany. Originally belonging to the County of Hagen-Münzenberg it got to the Counts of Falkenstein following the marriage of Isengard of Münzenberg to Philip IV of Bolanden-Falkenstein. As an inheritance Lich was given to the House of Solms in the middle of the 14th century. The House of Solms splittet in several branches during the centuries – one of them is the branch Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, which is seated in Lich up to now.
There were no remarkable devastations in Lich during several wars from Thirty Years' War up to World War II. In 1993, the town hosted the 33rd Hessentag state festival.
Lich is twinned with the following communities:
- Dieulefit in France
- Tangermünde in Sachsen-Anhalt State (Germany)
- Budakeszi in Hungary
- Vänersborg in Sweden
It is also friendly associated to
- Tata in Morocco
- The town centre features nearly universal framework buildings, the most notable is the Textorhaus with its richly carved façade, nowadays locating the Town Museum.
- The late gothic Marienstiftskirche (St Mary’s church) with worth seeing grave plates and baroque pulpit.
- Beside some parts of the town wall the most remarkable medieval relicts are the Town Tower (48 meter) and the Town Gate, built at the beginning of the 14th century.
- The Castle Lich of the Fürsten (Princes) of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich in late renaissance and baroque style, surrounded by a public opened park.
- The former cistercian Arnsburg Abbey, about five kilometers southwest the city.
- The Traumstern cinema is one of the leading revival houses of Hesse; it regarded several hessian and German cultural prices over the years.
Gallery from Lich
- Town hall and market fountain
- The Marienstiftskirche
- The Marienstiftskirche
- Main portal of the Marienstiftskirche
- The town tower.
- Inner court of the Lich castle and Ludwig Fürst zu Solms-Hohensolms-Lich monument
- The Court Pharmacy
- Birklar, former school building
- Eberstadt, Lutheran church
- Eberstadt, catholic church "St Maria Immaculata"
- Nieder-Bessingen, Lutheran church
- Ober-Bessingen, the port
- Ober-Bessingen, winter sight
There are three Elementary Schools, a Comprehensive School, a Special School for children with learning disabilities and a Nursing school associated to the Asklepios Klinik Lich. The Gießen district Folk High School is also located in Lich.
Lich is the home of the brewery and leading regional brand Licher (Bitburger Holding). There are also more than 400 years of tradition in organ building, today represented by the Förster & Nicolaus Orgelbauanstalt and the Otto Heuss GmbH. The Hofapotheke (Court Pharmacy) was founded in 1703.
Notable People born in Lich
- Ludwig of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (1805–1880), politician, President of the First Chamber of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and Deputy of the North German Confederation
- Heinrich Adam Neeb (1805–1878), composer
- Charles of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (1866–1920), politician, president of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse
- Princess Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (1871–1937), wife of Ernest Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse and mother-in-law to the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburghs sister Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark
- Dorothea Gräfin Razumovsky (1935–2014), publicist
- Wilhelm Solms (b. 1937), Germanist, Professor of Communication studies
- Hermann Otto Solms (b. 1940), politician (FDP), up to 22 October 2013 Vice President of the Deutscher Bundestag.
- Alexandra Keil (b. 1978), former member of the German Women's National Basketball Team
- Benjamin Lense (b. 1978), footballer in the German Bundesliga
- Aylin Aslım (b. 1975), rock singer and actor
Notable People connected to Lich
- Daniel Hisgen (1733–1812), painter of the rococo period
- Hermann of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (1838–1899), politician
- Ernst Moritz Engert (1892–1986), silhouette artist and co-founder of the Darmstädter Sezession
- Anne-Eva Brauneck (1910–2007), first female German Criminal Law Professor
- Joachim Dudeck (1932–2010), Professor of Health Informatics and founder of the German Cancer Registry
- Karl Starzacher (b. 1945), politician SPD, 1991–1995 President of the Landtag of Hesse and 1995 to 1999 Finance Minister
- Thorsten Schäfer-Gümbel (b. 1969), politician (SPD), current leader of the opposition SPD party bloc of the Landtag of Hesse
- ↑ "Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). August 2016.
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