Libmanan, Camarines Sur


J. Hernandez Park Libmanan

Nickname(s): Rice Granary of Camarines Sur

Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of Libmanan

Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 13°42′N 123°04′E / 13.7°N 123.07°E / 13.7; 123.07Coordinates: 13°42′N 123°04′E / 13.7°N 123.07°E / 13.7; 123.07
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
District 2nd district
Founded April 3, 1574
Barangays 75
  Mayor Bernard P.Brioso
  Total 342.82 km2 (132.36 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
  Total 108,716
  Density 320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4407
IDD:area code +63(0)54
Income class 1st class; partially urban

Libmanan is a first class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 108,716 people.[3]


Libmanan was a bario of Quipayo in 1580 with the name of "Piglabanan". Records from a historian revealed that the municipality was named Libmanan on September 15, 1574. Missionaries started working in Libmanan in 1589 and the area's church was dedicated to St. James the Apostle. Several local stories hint as to the origin of the town’s name. One was that “ligmanan” means "a place surrounded with waterways". Another was Libangan since visitors forgot their former homes because they were said to be “na libang” or "enjoying themselves" - Libangan can also translate to "place of enjoyment". Another version was associated with the conditions during years of moro raids where area was called “Linabanan”, a battle ground. In the Old Spanish Records, Fray Pasqual de la Cruz, writes the name of the town as "Libñanan" the Spanish way of pronouncing the word. The same Record also show that in 1823, Fray Francisco Valverde wrote it as "Libmanan" because it was easier to write and pronounce as well.

German ethnographer Fedor Jagor described visiting Libmanan in his 1875 work "Travels in the Philippines", wherin he visited the local parish priest and learned from him about an ancient human settlement that had been dug up in 1851 during road construction in the Poro area of the southwest close near the Tres Marias islands: the excavation consisted of "numerous remains of the early inhabitants—skulls, ribs, bones of men and animals, a child’s thighbone inserted in a spiral of brass wire, several stags’ horns, beautifully-formed dishes and vessels, some of them painted, probably of Chinese origin; striped bracelets, of a soft, gypseous, copper-red rock, gleaming as if they were varnished; small copper knives, but no iron utensils; and several broad flat stones bored through the middle; besides a wedge of petrified wood, embedded in a cleft branch of a tree." [4]

During the occupation of their country by the United States, the Philippine Legislature greatly expanded the network of railroads throughout the island of Luzon, and a railway headed to the city of Legazpi, Albay and Naga, Camarines Sur was built through Libmanan to provide direct access to those cities.[5] This railway was damaged severely during World War II, but partially restored using American funds thereafter, providing transportation service down the Bicol Peninsula off and on until ending in 2012 despite plans to rehabilitate the route.[6]

Even during the time of the Spaniards, the town of Libmanan was already considered the "rice basket" of the province. This generous production of rice is attributed to the fertile soil and the town's abundant water supply. In 1991 the area's irrigation canals (shared with its northern neighbor Cabusao, Camarines Sur) were sufficient to water 2996 hectares of land during the dry season.[7]

Important Dates & Events


Puro Island in the Ragay Gulf

Libmanan is an extremely large municipality, one of the biggest in Camarines Sur. It stretched across nearly the whole width of the Bicol peninsula, from where it borders Cabusao Municipality on the San Miguel Bay all the way out to the Ragay Gulf, including three islands known locally as the 'tres Marias', including one island known as 'puro island'. The main town, or 'poblacion', is located along the Libmanan River on the lowland alluvial plain adjacent to Cabusao.

Heading to the southern coast from the poblacion the municipality becomes hilly. In this hilly region between the poblacion and the highway lies the Libmanan Caves National Park. Continuing on towards the coast from the hills, the municipality becomes truly mountainous beginning in Barangay Malinao beyond the Pan-Philippine Highway, where the "Boro-Boro Spring Resort" is located; a series of waterfalls that are a locally popular swimming destination.[8] Beyond Malinao the upland region features the mountain 'Tancong Vaca' - in the local dialect meaning 'the cow's hump' - which is a local landmark visible from most locations on the Pan-Philippine Highway in western Camarines Sur and was a base of operations for local guerrillas fighting the Japanese during World War II.[9] Up to the present day, the area around Tancong Vaca has remained an area of conflict between anti-government insurgents and the Philippine National Police.[10]

The municipality's rural barangays lie behind Mount Tancong Vaca, and mostly lack access to paved roads, of which there is only one which terminates in the fishing village of Barangay Bahao, within sight of the tres Marias.


Libmanan is politically subdivided into 75 barangays;[2] five of which are located in the coastal areas and the remaining 70 barangays are distributed in the low land and upland portions of the municipality. Its town center, poblacion or centro, is 7.7 kilometres (4.8 mi) away from the National Highway. The road leading to Poblacion and other major baranggays is marked by a memorial for the Ten Outstanding Young Men trophy awarded to a past mayor and local hero, Jose Bulaong.

  • Aslong
  • Awayan
  • Bagacay
  • Bagadion
  • Bagamelon
  • Bagumbayan
  • Bahao
  • Bahay
  • Beguito Nuevo
  • Beguito Viejo
  • Bigajo Norte
  • Bigajo Sur
  • Bikal
  • Busak
  • Caima
  • Calabnigan
  • Camambugan
  • Cambalidio
  • Candami
  • Candato
  • Cawayan
  • Concepcion
  • Cuyapi
  • Danawan
  • Duang Niog
  • Handong
  • Ibid
  • Inalahan
  • Labao
  • Libod I
  • Libod II
  • Loba-loba
  • Mabini
  • Malansad Nuevo
  • Malansad Viejo
  • Malbogon
  • Malinao
  • Mambalite
  • Mambayawas
  • Mambulo Nuevo
  • Mambulo Viejo
  • Mancawayan
  • Mandacanan
  • Mantalisay
  • Padlos
  • Pag-Oring Nuevo
  • Pag-Oring Viejo
  • Palangon
  • Palong
  • Patag
  • Planza
  • Poblacion
  • Potot
  • Puro-Batia
  • Rongos
  • Salvacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan
  • San Pablo
  • San Vicente
  • Sibujo
  • Sigamot
  • Station-Church Site
  • Taban-Fundado
  • Tampuhan
  • Tanag
  • Tarum
  • Tinalmud Nuevo
  • Tinalmud Viejo
  • Tinangkihan
  • Udoc
  • Umalo
  • Uson
  • Villasocorro
  • Villadima (Santa Cruz)


Population census of Libmanan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 77,565    
1995 85,337+1.81%
2000 88,476+0.78%
2007 92,839+0.67%
2010 100,002+2.74%
2015 108,716+1.60%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][11][12]

In the 2015 census, the population of Libmanan was 108,716 people,[3] with a density of 320 inhabitants per square kilometre or 830 inhabitants per square mile.


The religious needs of its people and those of neighboring towns prompted the erection of the Prelature of Libmanan in 1990 and installation the first bishop, Msgr. Prospero N. Arellano . On 25 March 2009 Pope Benedict XVI elevated the prelature to become a diocese with Bishop Jose Rojas Rojas becoming its first bishop.[13]

The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines lists the following Catholic church parishes of Libmanan:[14]

Parish Barangay Fiesta Day
St. James the ApostleLibmanan CentroJuly 25
Our Lady of PillarSan IsidroOctober 12
St. Vincent FerrerSan VicenteApril 25


Libmanan public market

Libmanan, one of the largest and most populous municipality in the province, benefits from the transportation being offered by the Libmanan River, the railroad and the national highway. Though rail service through Libmanan no longer connects directly to Manila there are still commuter trips available bringing passengers to nearby Naga, Camarines Sur and the route that was reopened in 2015 bringing them all the way to Legazpi, Albay.[15]

Generally, Libmanan soil is adapted for growing different agricultural products. Portions are also adopted to pottery-the making of which has been a local industry for centuries. Libmanan has been the “rice-basket” not only of the province but of Southern Luzon-even during the Spanish regime. In spite of problems encountered by rice farmers, Libmanan maintains its status of being the rice granary of the province.


The Department of Education (Philippines) lists the following schools for Libmanan:[16]


List of former Executives of Libmanan

Libmanan municipal hall
Dates Name
1732-1755Capt. Josep Domingo Ramos
1756-1758Capt. Feipe Medina
1759-1760:Capt. Jose Guevarra
1761Capt. Sebastian De la Cruz
1762-1763Capt. Pascual de Lajor
1764Capt. Luis Arambulo
1765Capt. Francisco Severo
1766Capt. Pedro Simon
1767-1768Capt. Miguel Damiano
1769Capt. Antonio De Leon
1770-1771Capt. Domingo De la Concepcion
1772Capt. Francisco Catimbang
1773Capt. Francisco Del Llagas
1774-1777Capt. Domingo De la Cruz
1778Capt. Francisco Del Llagas
1779Capt. Matias Cabanos
1780Capt. Antonio De Leon
1781Capt. Miguel Damiano
1782Capt. Matias Cabanos
1783Capt. Antonio De Leon
1784Capt. Domingo De la Concepcion
1785Capt. Victorino Simon
1786Capt. Pedro Gonzales
1787Capt. Tomas Baldesoto
1788Capt. Domingo De la Concepcion
1789Capt. Luis Arambulo
1790Capt. Domingo De la Concepcion
1791Capt. Nicholas Tolentino
1792Capt. Victorino Simon
1793Capt. Francisco Del Llagas
1794Capt. Juan De la Cruz
1795-1796Capt. Mateo De la Concepcion
1797Capt. Miguel De la Concepcion
1798Capt. Marcelino De la Trinidad
1799Capt. Pedro Baldesoto
1800Capt. Francisco Espiritu
1801Capt. Clemente Eugenio
1802Capt. Francisco del Llagas
1803Capt. Juan San Antonio
1804Capt. Luis Balaguer
1805Capt. Melchor de los Reyes
1806Capt. Francisco del Llagas
1807Capt. Mariano de los Nieves
1808Capt. Juan San Antonio
1809Capt. Santiago Arambulo
1810Capt. Melchor de los Reyes
1811Capt. Tomas de la Soledad
1812Capt. Fabiano de Galicia
1813Capt. Esteban Anunciacion
1814Capt. Juan Ramirez
1815Capt. Antonio San Pascual
1816Capt. Miguel Juliano Francisco
1817Capt. Jose del Puerto
1818Capt. Francisco Sta. Maria
1819Capt. Pedro Alcantara
1820Capt. Pedro Sabino
1821Capt. Ambrosio de la Cruz
1822Capt. Francisco Custudio
1823Capt. Placido Anunciacion
1824Capt. Matias Manga
1825Capt. Maximo Fernandez
1826Capt. Augustin Tolentino
1827Capt. Placido Anunciacion
1828Capt. Pedro San Pablo Alcantara
1829Capt. Maximo Fernandez
1830Capt. Mariano Villanueva
1831Capt. Vicente Cabanos
1832Capt. Ludovico Lopez
1833Capt. Martin Gonzales
1834Capt. Carlos de los Santos
1835Capt. Andres Espiritu
1836Capt. Pater de Avila
1837Capt. Hilario Domingo
1838Capt. Santiago Aguirre
1839-1840Capt. Maximo Hernandez
1841Capt. Luis Alcantara
1842Capt. Sebastian Baldesoto
1843Capt. Placido Anunciacion
1844Capt. Francisco Espiritu
1845Capt. Marianon Natividad
1846Capt. Isidro Archangel
1847Capt. Rufino Nacianceno
1848Capt. Anacleto de los Santos
1849Capt. Facundo del Pascual
1850Capt. Francisco Gonzales
Dates Name
1851-1852Capt. Pacifico Roldan
1853Capt. Bruno Sol
1854Capt. Salvador Espiritu
1855Capt. Mariano Albacarte
1856Capt. Aniceto Floresca
1857Capt. Victoriano Bautista
1858Capt. Casiano Flores
1859Capt. Mariano Septimo
1860Capt. Mariano Rubi
1861Capt. Domingo Durante
1862Capt. Ramon Hernandez
1863-1864Capt. Juan Hernandez
1865-1866Capt. Tomas Durante
1867-1868Capt. Juan Razonable
1869-1870Capt. Mariano Angeles
1871-1872Capt. Agaton Ursua
1873-1874Capt. Juan Sanchez
1875-1878Capt. Rufino Hernandez
1879-1880Capt. Rafael Nacianceno
1881-1882Capt. Anacleto Atendido
1883-1884Capt. Rufino Hernandez
1885-1886Capt. Agustin Abellera
1887Capt. Vicente Ursua
1888-1889Capt. Agaton Ursua
1890-1891Capt. Norberto Durante
1892-1893Capt. Celedonio Reyes
1894Capt. Raymundo Espiritu
1895-1898Capt. Casimiro Onate
1899-1901Pres. Celedonio Reyes
1902-1903Pres. Francisco Ursua
1904-1905Pres. Nicolas Ortiz
1906-1907Pres. Ligorio Colores
1908-1910Pres. Nicolas Ortiz
1911-1912Pres. Antonio Peredo
1913-1915Pres. Vicente Aureus
1916-1921Pres. Ramon Hernandez
1922-1926Pres. Marciano Bagadion
1927-1931Pres. Macario Zeda
1932-1937Mayor Teodoro Dilanco
1938-1940Mayor Francisco Frondozo
1941-1942Mayor Teodoro Dilanco
1943-1945Mayor Eliseo Portin
1946-1947Mayor Policarpo Benitez
1948-1951Mayor Policarpo Benitez
1952-1955Mayor Teofilo Dilanco
1956-1959Mayor Teofilo Dilanco
1960-1971Mayor Amadeo Castaneda
1972-1979Mayor Jose Bulaong, M.D.
October 1979-April 1980Actg. Mayor Jose Villaluz, M.D.
1980-1986Mayor Jose Bulaong, M.D.
March 1986-November 1987Mayor Juan Echano (OIC)
December 1987-June 1988Mayor Ramon Villaluz
1988-1998Mayor Teodoro Dilanco III
1998-June 2001Mayor Gerardo Atienza,Sr.
July 2001-June 2004Mayor Rodolfo Jimenez, Sr.
July 2004-June 2007Mayor Rodolfo Jimenez, Sr.
July 2007-June 2010Mayor Rodolfo Jimenez, Sr.
July 2010 – June 2016Mayor Marilyn Jimenez
July 2016 – PresentMayor Bernard Brioso


  1. "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Province: CAMARINES SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Region V (BICOL REGION)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. Jagor, Fedor (1875). Travels in the Philippines. London: Chapman and Hall. p. 155. ISBN 9781230389998.
  7. Bagdion, Benjamin (1991). Joint Management of the Libmanan-Cabusao Pump Irrigation System between Farmers and the National Irrigation Administration in the Philippines (PDF). International Water Management Institute. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  8. malinao libmanan. Youtube Retrieved 10 July 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. Escandor, Juan (March 5, 2009). "Homegrown WW2 vets wait to receive call for recognition". Bicol Mail. 25 (38).
  10. "NPA warns Camarines Sur Mayors on allowing town cops in counter-insurgency combat operations.". Bicol Today. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2016. The warning came up when four (4) policemen were wounded by guerillas of the Norben Gruta Command-New People’s Army (NGC-NPA) in a firefight Friday, March 13, at Barangays Pag-oring and Malinao in Libmanan, Camarines Sur.
  11. "Region V (BICOL REGION)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  13. Vatican Daily Bulletin (in Italian)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Libmanan, Camarines Sur.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/29/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.