Leveson-Gower family

Arms of Leveson-Gower, Earl Granville: Quarterly 1st & 4th barry of eight argent and gules a cross flory sable (Gower); 2nd: azure, three laurel leaves or (Leveson); 3rd: Gules, three clarions or (Granville)[1]

Leveson-Gower (/ˈlsən ˈɡɔər/ loosen-gore), also Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, is the name of a powerful British noble family. Over time, several members of the Leveson-Gower family were made knights, baronets and peers. Hereditary titles held by the family include the dukedom of Sutherland, as well as the ancient earldom of Sutherland (created c. 1230) and the earldom of Granville (created 1833). Several other members of the family have also risen to prominence.


Leveson-Gower is a well-known example of an English surname with counterintuitive pronunciation.

The name Leveson is a patronymic from Louis or Lewis. In early modern times it was often rendered Luson: for example, in 1588, Elizabeth I received a letter from the King of Denmark concerning the depredations of Walter Leveson of Lilleshall Abbey, in which he is consistently referred to as Sir Walter Luson.[2]

Gower is a locational name, probably derived from a place so-named in Kent, or less likely from the Gower Peninsula in southern Wales. It could also refer to one of the various towns named Gouy in northern France.[3]

The hyphen is used by only some members of the family: the cricketers (mostly) do not.

Titles in the family

Other notable members


  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.505
  2. State Papers Foreign, August 1588.
  3. "Last name: Gower". The Internet Surname Database.
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