Law enforcement in Pakistan
Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons. In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other Law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment. The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.
Primarily operated through the four provincial governments and the Islamabad Capital Territory, each police service has a jurisdiction extending only within the relevant province or territory. Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.
The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal level there are a number of law enforcement agencies including the Federal Investigation Agency, Intelligence Bureau, Anti Narcotics Force, National Counter Terrorism Authority, and the National Highways and Motorway Police. The four provinces each have their own police services such as the Punjab Police, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services are supported by paramilitary units such as the Frontier Constabulary. Each police force has a Commissioner of Police appointed as Inspector-General who are the most senior officers from the Police Service of Pakistan— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.
- Airports Security Force, Prompts safety of Civil Aviation through development of legal framework, practices, procedures, technical and human resources to prevent/respond to acts of unlawful interference within airport premises.
- Anti-Narcotics Force
- Federal Investigation Agency
- Director General: Akbar Khan Hoti, PSP, PPM
- Special Security Unit : A semi-autonomous overt internal security surveillance part of National Crises Management Cell and a parallel liaison, command and deployment directorate of Pakistan Rangers/Frontier Corps/Frontier Constabulary/Gilgit Baltistan Scouts
- Director : Dr. Tariq Ishaque
- Director: Kashif Shabbir Lali
- Frontier Constabulary
- Commandant: Liaqat Ali
- National Highways and Motorway Police, covering all major roads across Pakistan
- Inspector General: Zulfiqar Cheema
- National Police Academy, a training centre for the senior officers of civilian police agencies
- Commandant: Fayyaz Leghari
- Pakistan Coast Guard, a paramilitary force operating along the coast of Pakistan
- Pakistan Railways Police, operating on the railway system of Pakistan
- Inspector General: Syed Ibne Hussain
- Pakistan Customs, operating on the Airports and Seaports of Pakistan.
- Directorate General of Intelligence and Investigation - FBR.
- Gilgit Baltistan Scouts, a paramilitary force operating along the northern cities of Pakistan
- Balochistan Police, operating in the Balochistan province
- Inspector General: Amlish Khan
- Balochistan Constabulary, a reserve police unit of balochistan police consisting of more than 10000 personnel.
- Balochistan Levies, a paramilitary police force operating in 23 of Balochistan's 30 districts
- Capital Territory Police, operating in the Islamabad Capital Territory
- Inspector General: Tahir Alam Khan
- Frontier Police, operating in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (formerly "North West Frontier Province")
- Inspector General: Nasir Durrani
- Punjab Police, operating in the Punjab province
- Inspector General: Mushtaq Sukhera
- Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
- Inspector General: Kokab Nadeem Warraich
- Sindh Police, operating in the Sindh province
- Inspector General: Allah Dino (AD) Khawaja
- Azad Jammu and Kashmir Police, operating in Azad Kashmir
- Inspector General: K.B Awan
- Gilgit-Baltistan Police, operating in Gilgit-Baltistan (formerly "Northern Areas")
- Inspector General: Zafar Iqbal Awan
- Police Qaumi Razakars:aid the police in their duties in all provinces.
- Pakistan Rangers, a paramilitary force operating along the eastern provinces and borders of Pakistan
- Frontier Corps, a paramilitary force operating along the western provinces and borders of Pakistan
Designations of PSP officers
|Grade||Police Ranks||Directorial/Secretarial Appointment|
- Federal Security Force, a defunct law enforcement agency
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- "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- "History". Punjab Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- Official Website of Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
- "THE PUNJAB QAUMI RAZAKARS ORDINANCE, 1965". Punjab Laws. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
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