Languages of Poland

Languages of Poland
Official languages Polish
Regional languages

Kashubian (108,000); German (96,000); Belarusian (26,000); Rusyn (6,000); Lithuanian (5,000); Slovak (1,000); Czech (1,000);

dispersed: Ukrainian (25,000); Romani (14,000); Armenian (2,000), Hungarian (1,000)
Main immigrant languages Russian (20,000), Vietnamese (3,000), Arabic (2,000), Greek (2,000), Chinese (1,000), Bulgarian (1,000), Turkish (1,000), Hindi (1,000) and others [1]
Main foreign languages English (29%)
Russian (26%)
German (19%)
Sign languages Polish Sign Language
Source ebs_243_en.pdf (

The main language spoken in Poland is Polish.

The deaf communities use Polish Sign Language belonging to the German family of Sign Languages.

According to the Act of 6 January 2005 on national and ethnic minorities and on the regional languages,[2] 16 other languages have officially recognised status of minority languages: 1 regional language, 10 languages of 9 national minorities (the minorities that have their own independent state elsewhere) and 5 languages of 4 ethnic minorities spoken by the members of minorities not having a separate state elsewhere). Jewish and Romani minorities, each has 2 minority languages recognised.

The following languages are spoken in Poland as well:

Languages having the status of national minority's language

Languages having the status of ethnic minority's language

The official recognition gives to the representatives of the minority certain rights (under certain conditions prescribed by the laws): of education in their language, of having the language established as the secondary administrative language or help language in their municipalities, of financial support of the state to the promotion of their language and culture etc.

Languages without officially recognised status

Languages of new diasporas and immigrant communities

These languages are not recognised as minority languages, as the Act of 2005 defines minority as "a group of Polish citizens (...) striving to preserve its language, culture or tradition, (...) whose ancestors have been living on the present territory of the Republic of Poland for at least 100 years":

Dead and artificial languages

Among languages used in Poland, Ethnologue.[4] mentions also:

but does not mention two other known defunct languages:

See also


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 1/21/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.