Languages of Monaco
French is the only official—and by far the most common—language in Monaco, a result of the role France has had over the microstate, since the annexation of Nice and the Nizzardo (the territory surrounding Monaco).
Because the Monégasques are only a minority in Monaco, their tongue was threatened with extinction in the 1970s. However, the language is now being taught in schools. In the old part of Monaco, the street signs are marked with Monégasque in addition to French.
Standard Italian is also a major language in Monaco. Italian nationals make up 19% of the total population.
There is also an Anglophone community in Monaco (8.5% of which are from the United Kingdom or the United States, with English-speakers from other nations as too insignificant and thus listed within the category of "other," below), in addition to English-speaking tourists visiting the city.
Princess Grace was born an American, and all three of her children (including the reigning Prince) grew up speaking English among other languages.
- Monaco IQ (English language), referencing Chapter One of Files and Reports&InfoSujet=General Population Census 2008&6Gb|2008 census (gouv.mc not an English source)
- History of Monaco
- Biographie de Stefano Casiraghi.
- Grace Kelly's last interview, 22 June 1982, on ABC's 20/20