Lands of Sweden

The three lands of Sweden

The lands of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges landsdelar) are three traditional parts, essentially three collectives of provinces, in Sweden. These "lands" have no administrative function, and there is no official designation for this subdivision level. Most commonly they are called "landsdelar", which simply translates to "parts of the country".


Although they have no administrative functions and no coats of arms these three subdivisions are used in weather reports. Their boundaries can therefore be seen on weather maps on television and in the press.

Areas and populations of the lands:

Land Population
Number of provinces Provinces
Götaland 4,351,658 97,841 10 Scania, Blekinge, Halland, Småland, Öland, Gotland, Östergötland, Västergötland, Dalsland and Bohuslän
Svealand 3,539,944 91,098 6 Södermanland, Uppland, Västmanland, Närke, Värmland and Dalarna
Norrland 1,156,150 261,292 9 Gästrikland, Hälsingland, Härjedalen, Jämtland, Medelpad, Ångermanland, Västerbotten, Norrbotten and Lappland

Historical lands

The former lands of Sweden

Sweden was historically divided into the four lands: Götaland, Svealand, Norrland and Österland.

In the Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645) Denmark-Norway ceded the Norwegian provinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen to Sweden. These provinces are counted as part of Norrland. In the Treaty of Roskilde (1658), Denmark-Norway ceded Scania, Blekinge and Halland (Skåneland) and Bohuslän to Sweden. These provinces are since then counted as parts of Götaland.

After the Finnish War (1808–1809) the eastern part of Sweden was ceded to Russia, thus becoming the Imperial Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, with Norrland divided between these two states. The Swedish portion of Norrland still represents more than half of Sweden's territory; it remains, however, sparsely populated compared to the south and middle. The town of Stockholm, which earlier had been at the centre of the medieval provinces of Sweden (i.e. the brightest area on the map), now was situated on the eastern edge of the realm.

See also

Media related to Category:Lands of Sweden at Wikimedia Commons

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 6/11/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.