Lal Khan

For the Moghul court singer, see Gunsamundra.
Lal Khan

Lal Khan addressing 30th Congress of The Struggle
Born 1956
Bhaun, Punjab, Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Alma mater Nishtar Medical College
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Occupation Political theorist, activist, writer

Lal Khan is a political activist and Marxist political theorist.

He was a physician by profession but no longer practices medicine. He is the leader of the Pakistani Marxist organisation The Struggle, and editor of its newspaper.[1] He also writes regular articles for Daily Times and the Dunya.

Early life

In the 1970s, Khan was a student of medicine in college and a political activist in Pakistan when the military coup of General Zia ul Haq toppled the Pakistan Peoples Party government, and subsequently hanged the country's first democratically elected prime minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.[2] He was imprisoned for a year, then went to university in the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad.[3] He moved to The Netherlands in 1980 to escape the sentenced to death him in Pakistan.[4] During his time in exile, he graduated from the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, and continued to reside in the Netherlands for eight more years. In the 1988, he returned to his country and quit his profession as a doctor, and has been working full-time in revolutionary politics ever since.


He is the leading member of The Struggle which is based on the ideas of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Trotsky and advocates a socialist transformation of Pakistan. It demands the nationalization of the commanding heights of the economy under workers control, an end to religious extremism and radicalism, the eradication of unemployment and free accessible education for all Pakistani citizens.[2] He is the Editor of Asian Marxist Review and International Secretary of Pakistan Trade Union Defence Campaign.

On 12–13 March 2011 the largest congress of The Struggle was held in Lahore. These annual congresses are held to analyse the performance of The Struggle and to formulate new strategies for social change and revolution.[5][6]

In October 2013, Khan accused Malala Yousafzai's supporters in the West of appropriating her and concealing her socialist background.[7]

In a joint statement in August 2016, Khan and CPI(M) Jammu and Kashmir general secretary Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami called for revolutionary unity between the working classes of India and Pakistan to resolve the Kashmir conflict and overthrow capitalism in the subcontinent.[8]


See also


  1. Sampath Perera (30 June 2012). "New Pakistani prime minister appointed". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Interview with Lal Khan from Pakistan". 8 June 1999. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  3. "Lal Khan". Meri Jedojehad (in Urdu). Karachi. 7 November 2010. AAJ TV.
  4. Sher Khan; Hashim Bin Rashid (21 October 2007). "Blacked out". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  5. "The Struggle congress 2009 – Pakistan Marxists on the move!". In Defence of Marxism. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  6. Anonymous. "Historic 32nd congress of Pakistani section of IMT – First Day". In Defense of Marxism. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  7. Lal Khan. "Malala's ordeal". Daily Times. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  8. Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami; Lal Khan (30 August 2016). "Kashmir: Repression, Obstacles and Resilience of the Mass Struggle". Asian Marxist Review. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  9. R. L. Singal (12 August 2007). "View from the left". The Tribune. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  10. Mamoon Chaudhry (18 August 2012). "Review: Pakistan's Other Story: The Revolution of 1968–1969 by Lal Khan". Dawn. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  11. Mahtab Bashir (30 December 2008). "Dr Lal Khan's book launched". Daily Times (Pakistan). Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  12. ""Kashmir, A revolutionary way out" by Lal Khan". The Struggle (in Urdu). 18 April 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
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