Lakes (state)

Lakes State
State of Sudan (1976  - 2011)
State of South Sudan (2011  - 2015)


Location in South Sudan
Capital Rumbek
  Creation as a state of Sudan[1] 1976
  Became a state of South Sudan after independence from Sudan 2011
  Reorganisation of states 2015
43,595.08 km2 (16,832 sq mi)
  2008 695,730 
Cattle Herders at Cattle Camp in Rumbek

Lakes (al-Buhayrat) was one of the ten states of South Sudan. It has an area of 40,235 km². Rumbek was the capital of the state. Lakes was in the Bahr el Ghazal region of South Sudan, in addition to Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Western Bahr el Ghazal, and Warrap states. Bahr el Ghazal itself was a former province which was split from the Anglo-Egyptian mudiriyat, or province of Equatoria in 1948. The eastern border was the White Nile with Jonglei on the opposite bank. To the northeast lied the Unity State. Other borders included Warrap State towards the northwest, Western Equatoria to the south and west, and Central Equatoria to the south.

In July 2011, Ramciel in Lakes state was under consideration by the federal government as a site for a new national capital, which would replace Juba.[2]


Like all states in South Sudan, Lakes was divided into counties; there were eight counties, each headed by a County Commissioner.

County Area (km2) Population
Census 2008
Cueibet 4,823.56 47,041 Kongor Deng Kongor? (SPLM)
Rumbek North 4,531.13 43,410 Stephen Mathiang Deng
Rumbek Central 3,866.85 153,550 Abraham Meen Kuc (SPLM)
Wulu 11,700.60 40,550 Stephen Thiang Mangar
Rumbek East 3,588.10 122,832 David Marial Gumke (SPLM)
Yirol West 5,024.84 103,190 Majak Ruei Angong
Yirol East 5,400.90 67,402 Simon Majok Reech (SPLM )
Awerial 4,659.10 47,041 Simon Aguto Kok (SPLM)

The counties are further divided into Payams, then Bomas.


Lakes state is where most cycle of revenge and cattle raiding remained since CPA was signed in 2005 between Republic of Sudan and the former rebel the SPLA/M. Manyang Mayom, the Human Right journalist kept Engle eye on Lakes state issues to oppress the state government who used oppressive law on it citizen. Mayom was viewed as an Icon for his stand to protect human Right in Lakes state and across South Sudan. Mayom won Human Right Watch Award in August 4, 2010.


  1. South Sudan: The Notable Firsts.
  2. Christie, Sean (8 July 2011). "South Sudan brushes fear aside". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
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