For the Second World War detention centre, see Laghouat prison camp.


Location of Laghouat in Laghouat Province

Location of Laghouat in Algeria

Coordinates: 33°48′10″N 2°52′30″E / 33.80278°N 2.87500°E / 33.80278; 2.87500Coordinates: 33°48′10″N 2°52′30″E / 33.80278°N 2.87500°E / 33.80278; 2.87500
Country  Algeria
Province Laghouat Province
District Laghouat District
APC 2012-2017
  Type Municipality
  Mayor Benbehaz béchir
  Total 400 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation 769 m (2,523 ft)
Population (2008 census)
  Total 134,372
  Density 340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal code 03000
ISO 3166 code CP
Laghouat in the Algerian Sahara (1879)
Street in Laghouat, by Gustave Achille Guillaumet.

Laghouat (English: Laghwat French: Laghouat Arabic: الأغواط) is the capital city of the Laghouat Province, Algeria, 400 km south of the Algerian capital Algiers. As of 2005, the population of the city was 126,291 inhabitants. Nearby, in Hassi R'Mel, there is the largest natural gas reserve in Africa.

The city was founded in the 11th century. In 1852, the French captured the city. Since 1974, it is a province.

Laghwat town in the Amour Range of the Saharan Atlas is an oasis on the north edge of the Sahara Desert. It is an important administrative and military center and marketplace and is known for rug and tapestry weaving. There are natural gas deposits in the region. The town has a meteorological station. Laghouat traces its history at least to the 11th century. It paid tribute to Morocco in the 17th century. The Turks captured Laghouat in 1786, and the French conquered the city in 1852.

The city is served by Laghouat Airport (IATA: LOO, ICAO: DAUL).

In January 2012 Laghouat was the site of anti-government protests over housing, infrastructure, and treatment of the elderly by police. The police used tear gas to disperse the protesters.[1][2]

The location and nature

Laghouat steppe's capital : an oasis south of Algiers and away from the Algiers about 400 km lined with gardens and buildings on the bank of "Wade Mzee" which takes its course from west Amour Mountains and heading towards the east where bears another name is Wade "serious" Mara number of Alziban's oases that hurt in Chott Melrhir.

And it extends orchards and antique buildings and mosques across the steppes and wide and tall mountains and green pastures.

It is bordered to the north municipality of Sidi Makhlouf, all west of Tadjemout and kheneg, east the municipality of El Assafia, and south municipality of Mekhareg.



  1. "10 injured, several arrested in Algeria protests". Agent France Press. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  2. "Anger at squalid housing unleashes Algeria protest". Reuters. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
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See also

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