Krasnoznamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast

For the town in Moscow Oblast, see Krasnoznamensk, Moscow Oblast.
Krasnoznamensk (English)
Краснознаменск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Krasnoznamensky District Administration building in Krasnoznamensk

Location of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia
Location of Krasnoznamensk in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°56′32″N 22°29′23″E / 54.94222°N 22.48972°E / 54.94222; 22.48972Coordinates: 54°56′32″N 22°29′23″E / 54.94222°N 22.48972°E / 54.94222; 22.48972
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Krasnoznamensky District[1]
Town of district significance Krasnoznamensk[1]
Administrative center of Krasnoznamensky District,[2] town of district significance of Krasnoznamensk[2]
Municipal status (as of May 2015)
Urban okrug Krasnoznamensky Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Krasnoznamensky Urban Okrug[3]
Population (2010 Census) 3,522 inhabitants[4]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+02:00)[5]
Founded 1734[6]
Previous names Haselpusch (until early 18th century),
Lasdehnen (until 1938),
Hasselberg (until 1946)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 238730
Krasnoznamensk on Wikimedia Commons

Krasnoznamensk (Russian: Краснозна́менск), prior to 1938 known by its German name Lasdehnen and in 1938-1946 as Haselberg (Lithuanian: Lazdynai) is a town and the administrative center of Krasnoznamensky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Sheshupe River, 163 kilometers (101 mi) northeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast, and approximately 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) to the south of the border with Lithuania. Population: 3,522(2010 Census).[4]

After 1701 and until the unification of Germany, the town was politically in Prussia and remained a part of Germany from 1871 until 1945. Lithuanian influence is also a long-standing feature of the town.


The earliest surviving German-language record of the place dates from 1521 under the name Haselpusch (lit. hazel bush), while Russian sources give the date of the earliest record as 1576. Other sources state that it was established in 1734.[6] In the early 18th century, the name changed to Lasdehnen, based on the Old Prussian/Lithuanian word for hazel bushes.

The village had a church by 1578 but it burned down in 1661 and the replacement building had to be taken down in 1869 due to severe structural defects. The current Gothic Revival church was built between 1874 and 1877.

With nationalism still in the ascendancy across most of Europe, the German Nazi government Germanized the Old Prussian name of Lasdehnen to Hasselberg (lit. hazel mountain) in 1938.

By 1945, the regional capital of Schloßberg (usually remembered in Germany by its pre-1938 name "Pillkallen") had been destroyed during the course of World War II and Haselberg took over Pillikallen's former administrative functions. The ethnic German population had largely fled before the advance of the Red Army in 1945, and after the end of World War II, the territory was annexed by the Soviet Union. The Soviets renamed the town Krasnoznamensk (lit. Red Banner Town) in 1946.[6]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Krasnoznamensk serves as the administrative center of Krasnoznamensky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Krasnoznamensky District as the town of district significance of Krasnoznamensk.[2]

Within the framework of municipal divisions, since May 5, 2015, the territories of the town of district significance of Krasnoznamensk and of three rural okrugs of Krasnoznamensky District are incorporated as Krasnoznamensky Urban Okrug.[3] Before that, the town of district significance was incorporated within Krasnoznamensky Municipal District as Krasnoznamenskoye Urban Settlement.[3]


Population trends

Ethnic composition

Lithuanians make up a significant portion of the population. Lithuanian cultural organizations exist in the town, which is in the ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor.[15]

Where religion is recorded from the census process, pre-1945 census data show the religious affiliation of the population as Prussian evangelical.

External links



  1. 1 2 3 4 Law #463
  2. 1 2 3 4 Resolution #640
  3. 1 2 3 4 Law #419
  4. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. 1 2 3 4 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 219. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. 1885 census data: note that the town then was identified as "Haselberg (früher Lasdehnen)" (Haselberg (formerly Lasdehnen))
  9. 1910 census data: note that the town then was called Lasdehnen
  10. 1885 census data: note that the town then was identified as "Haselberg (früher Lasdehnen)" (Haselberg (formerly Lasdehnen))
  11. 1885 census data: note that the town then was identified as "Haselberg (früher Lasdehnen)" (Haselberg (formerly Lasdehnen))
  12. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  14. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.


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