| Kovno Governorate|
|Governorate of the Russian Empire|
Coat of arms
Kovno Governorate (light red), 1843-1915
|•||Order of tzar Nicholas I of 18 December 1842||1 July 1843 1843|
|•||World War I||1915|
Kovno Governorate (Russian: Ковенская губеpния or Kovenskaja gubernija; Lithuanian: Kauno gubernija) or Government of Kaunas was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. Its capital was Kaunas (Kovno in Russian). It was formed on 18 December 1842 by tsar Nicholas I from the western part of Vilna Governorate, and the order was carried out on 1 July 1843. The Tsarist government had once considered it a part of Northwestern Krai. The governorate included almost the entire Lithuanian region of Žemaitija and the northern part of Aukštaitija.
The governorate was divided into seven uyezds:
|Uyezd||Area (km²)||Population in 1897||Population in 1914|
- Vaitiekūnas, Stasys (2006). Lietuvos gyventojai: Per du tūkstantmečius (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. pp. 86, 121. ISBN 5-420-01585-4.
- William Henry Beable (1919), "Governments or Provinces of the Former Russian Empire: Kovno", Russian Gazetteer and Guide, London: Russian Outlook – via Open Library
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kovno (government)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.