Profanity is referred to in the Korean language as 욕 (yok, insults or swearing). Several of these words have linguistic and historical significance. Various words have different origins. The Korean term for dog, 'gae', for example, can used in everyday speech with no offensive connotation. When applied to a person, however, 'gae' and its variants (including 개새끼 'kaesaekki', literally 'son of a dog', and 'son of a bitch' in English) become strong curse words that would not be appropriate for formal or polite conversation.
- 놈 (nom): A term that refers to a male person in a degrading/derogatory manner. Roughly equivalent to the English word "bastard"
- 년 (nyeon): Similar to 놈. A term that refers to a female person in a degrading/derogatory manner. Roughly equivalent to the English word "bitch"
- 촌놈 (chon-nom): Roughly equivalent to the English phrase "country bumpkin". A combination of the noun 촌(chon), which refers to rural areas and countryside, and the noun 놈(nom)
- 미친놈/미친년 (mi-chin-nom)/(mi-chin-nyeon): Translates literally to "Crazy bastard/bitch". A combination of the adjective 미친(mi-chin), which translates to crazy or insane, and the word 놈(nom)/년(nyeon)
- 걸레같은 년 (geol-le-gat-eun nyeon): Used similarly to words such as "whore" or "slut". The adjective 걸레같은(geol-le-gat-eun) means "to be like rag" and the phrase 걸레같은 년 translates literally to "a bitch who is like a rag" and refers to women who are promiscuous and thus, dirty and tatterd/worn out like a rag. The phrase can be abbreviated in use as 걸레년 (geol-le-nyeon).
- 새끼 (sae-kki): A noun used to derogatorily refer to any general person. The word, when not used as a profanity, is used to describe a young of an animal.
- 개새끼 (gae-sae-kki): Equivalent to the english phrase "son of a bitch". Combination of the word 개(gae), meaning dog, and the word 새끼(sae-kki), meaning offspring or young.
- 씹새끼 (sship-sae-kki): Combination of the word 씹(sship), an archaic word that could either refer to a vagina or sexual intercourse, and the word 새끼(sae-kki), meaning offspring or young.
- 지랄 (ji-ral): A word, as a verb, means to talk incessantly and nonsensically. The word originates from the word 지랄병 (ji-ral-bbyeong), an archaic and outdated word, generically encompassing a number of separate neurological disorders with similar symptoms such as seizures, tics and spasms.
- 병신 (byeong-shin): A noun that roughly translates to "retard", "cripple" or "idiot". It is a compound of the word 병(byeong), meaning "of disease" or "diseased", and the word 신(shin), a word meaning "body" originating from the Chinese character 身.
- 또라이 (tto-rai): A noun that translates to "nutjob" or just describes someone who is nonsensical or crazy.
- 씨발 (si-bal): (as an intensifier) fucking, fucker; (as an interjection) fuck!, shit! The word originates from an archaic verb 씹하다 which originally meant to perform a sexual intercourse but is often just used as a sex-related profanity
- 보지 (bo-ji): A derogatory term referring to a vagina (slang) woman
- 좆 (jot): A derogatory term referring to a penis. Colloquially, it can be used in combination with other profanities as an intensifier.
- 꺼져 (ggeo-jyeo): (interjection) Get ******* out of me, Go to Hell, beat it.
- 엿먹어 (yeot-meog-eo): Fuck you (lit. ″Eat yeot″)
- 젠장 (chen-chang): Shit, goddamn, damn it