From 1964 to 1969 they were located in Punta Mbonda (North of Bata). They later settled in Cameroon, south of Bata, and south of Rio Benito. They are sometimes referred to as Ndowe or "Playeros" (beach people in Spanish), one of several peoples on the Rio Muni coast.
- Fiona MacDonald; Marshall Cavendish Corporation; Elizabeth Paren; Kevin Shillington; Gillian Stacey; Philip Steele (2000). Peoples of Africa, Volume 10. Marshall Cavendish. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-7614-7158-5.
- Nassau, Robert Hamill (1901). "Fetishism, a Government". Bulletin of the American Geographical Society. 33 (4): 305–317. JSTOR 198420.
- "Equatorial Guinea History" (in Spanish). Guinea-Ecuatorial.info. Retrieved 20 September 2011.