Kipchak languages

Northwestern Turkic
Ethnicity: Kipchaks
Linguistic classification:


  • Kipchak–Bolgar
  • Kipchak–Cuman
  • Kipchak–Nogai
  • Kyrgyz–Kipchak
Glottolog: kipc1239[1]


 Kipchak–Bolgar   Kipchak–Cuman   Kipchak–Nogai and Kyrgyz–Kipchak 

The Kipchak languages (also known as the Kypchak, Qypchaq, or Northwestern Turkic languages) are a branch of the Turkic language family spoken by more than 25 million people in an area spanning from Lithuania to China.

Linguistic features

The Kipchak languages share a number of features that have led linguists to classify them together. Some of these features are shared with other Turkic languages; others are unique to the Kipchak family.

Shared features

Unique features


The Kipchak languages may be broken down into four groups, based on geography and shared features:[1]

The language of the Mamluks in Egypt appears to have been a Kipchak language, probably one belonging to the Kipchak–Cuman group.

See also


  1. 1 2 Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kipchak". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


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