Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara

Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara
505 BC–377 BC
Capital Upatissa Nuwara
Languages Sinhala
Government Monarchy
   505–504 BC Upatissa of Upatissa Nuwara
  504–474 BC Panduvasdeva
  474–454 BC Abhaya
  454–437 BC Tissa (King)
  437–377 BC Pandukabhaya
Historical era Ancient
   Death of Vijaya 505 BC
   Capital moved to and start of the Anuradhapura Kingdom 377 BC
Area 65,610 km² (25,332 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Tambapanni
Anuradhapura Kingdom
Monarchs of Sri Lanka
House of Vijaya
  1. Upatissa (505 BC–504 BC)
  2. Panduvasdeva (504 BC–474 BC)
  3. Abhaya (474 BC–454 BC)
  4. Tissa (454 BC–437 BC)
  5. Pandukabhaya (437 BC–377 BC)

The Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara (sometimes referred to as Vijitapura) was the second administrative center in ancient Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Rajarata. It was established with the death of Vijaya by his prime minister Upatissa who became regent while Vijay's heir to the throne and nephew Panduvasdeva came to the kingdom from North India.

Founding, name and Location

Upatissa Nuwara was seven or eight miles further north of the Kingdom of Tambapanni,[1] which was in a district near modern-day Mannar, and is believed to be the district of Chilaw.[2][3] It was named after the regent king Upatissa, who was the prime minister of Vijaya, and was founded in 505 BC after the death of Vijaya and the end of the Kingdom of Tambapanni.


During the end of his reign Vijaya, who was having trouble choosing a successor, sent a letter to the city of his ancestors, Sinhapura, in order to invite his brother Sumitta to take over the throne.[4] However Vijaya had died before the letter had reached its destination so the elected minister of the people[5] Upatissa, the Chief government minister or prime minister and leading chief among the Sinhalese became regent and acted as king for a year. After his coronation which was held in the Kingdom of Tambapanni, he left it building another one bearing his own name. While his was king, Upatissa established the new capital Upatissa Nuwara, in which the kingdom was moved to from the Kingdom of Tambapanni. When Vijaya's letter arrived Sumitta had already succeeded his father as king of his country, and so he sent his son Panduvasdeva to rule Upatissa Nuwara.[4]

See also


  2. Mittal, J.P. (2006). "Other dynasties". History of Ancient India: From 4250 BC to 637 AD. Volume 2 of History of Ancient India: A New Version. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 405. ISBN 81-269-0616-2. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  3. "Pre-history of Sri Lanka". Embassy of Sri Lanka Cairo, Egypt. Archived from the original on May 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  4. 1 2 Blaze, L. E. (1933). History of Ceylon. p. 12.
  5. The Mahávansi, the Rájá-ratnácari, and the Rájá-vali. Parbury, Allen, and Co. 1833.

External links

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