Kingdom of Tonga (1900–70)
|Kingdom of Tonga|
|Protected State of the United Kingdom|
Location of the Kingdom of Tonga with present day borders shown.
|Languages|| English |
|Religion||Free Wesleyan Church|
|Government||Monarchy under British Protection.|
|•||1900-1918||George Tupou II (first)|
|•||1965-1970||Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV (last)|
|•||1900-1905||Siosateki Veikune (first)|
|•||1965-1970||Fatafehi Tu'ipelehake (last)|
|•||Treaty of Friendship||18 May 1900|
|•||End of protection status||4 June 1970|
|Currency|| Tongan pound (1921-1967) |
Tongan paʻanga (1967-1970)
On 18 May 1900, to discourage German advances, the Kingdom of Tonga became a protected state with the United Kingdom under a Treaty of Friendship signed by George Tupou II after European settlers and rival Tongan chiefs attempted to overthrow him. Foreign affairs of the Kingdom of Tonga were conducted though the British Consul. The United Kingdom had veto power over foreign polices and finances of the Kingdom of Tonga. Tonga was affected by the 1918 flu pandemic, with 1,800 Tongans killed,around eight per cent of the residents. On 4 June 1970, protected state status of the Kingdom of Tonga ended. The end of the Kingdom of Tonga protected state status was arraigned by Salote Tupou III prior to her death in 1965.
- Kohn, George C. (2008). Encyclopedia of plague and pestilence: from ancient times to the present. Infobase Publishing. p. 363. ISBN 0-8160-6935-2.